Cyclamens have firmly taken one of the first places among the most delightful indoor plants. Regular transplanting of cyclamen at home is one of the mandatory activities when growing this flower.
- What you need to know about transplanting cyclamen
- Plant preparation for transplantation, necessary equipment
- Cyclamen transplant procedure
- Cyclamen care after transplant
What you need to know about transplanting cyclamen
Cyclamen needs a transplant in several cases:
- after purchase in the store, since most often the plant is in a peat mixture, which contains a large amount of growth stimulants, and not in the soil
- after long-term cultivation in one soil, which leads to leaching of nutrients and depletion of the land
- after mastering the pot with roots, in this case the roots have grown so much that there is almost no free soil left
- in case of waterlogging and rotting of the tuber, in this case, during transplantation, it is necessary to remove the rotten places
- during dormancy for the purpose of reproduction
If the plant is not transplanted in time, then delay threatens the cyclamen with diseases, lack of flowers, yellowness and wilting of leaves. Sometimes, untimely or incorrect transplantation can lead to the death of the plant.
Best time to transplant
A scheduled cyclamen transplant should be carried out at the same time of the year. The plant should not be transplanted during the period of bud formation and flowering. Most often, the flower is transplanted in the middle of summer, when the plant is just entering the stage of active leaf growth. If a flower was brought from the store in bloom, then it is advisable to wait for the end of flowering.
Important! When there are signs of waterlogging and rotting of the tuber, the plant is transplanted immediately.
Plant preparation for transplantation, necessary equipment
What is needed for a transplant
To make the transplant go without problems, you need to take care of the following things in advance:
- about potting mix
- about the new pot
- about small pebbles or expanded clay
- about a sharp knife
- about crushed coal
The potting mix is composed of:
- 2 pieces of leafy land
- 1 part sand
- 1 part peat
- 1 part humus
All ingredients must be baked in the oven for about one hour before mixing. Do the same with drainage material. The new pot should not be too big. In order for the plant to thrive in the new container, the pot should be 15 - 20 mm larger in diameter than the old one. When choosing a pot, you can focus on the distance from the tuber to the walls, it should be 30 mm.
If the age of the plant is known, then a container with a diameter of 8 cm is suitable for cyclamens at the age of 12-18 months.If the flower is more than three years old, then you can choose a pot with a diameter of 15 cm.Sometimes, for example, when transplanting after purchase or in case of rotting of the tuber , the new pot may be the same size as the old one.
If the plant is transplanted regularly, then it does not require special preparation. To make the plant easier to come out of the pot, then in a day or two it can be held for some time in a pan with water so that the earthy lump is saturated with water. This procedure cannot be carried out if the transplant is associated with waterlogging and rotting of the tuber. If everything is ready, then the transplant is not difficult.
Cyclamen transplant procedure
The transplant procedure should be started by filling the pot. To do this, you should:
- check for drainage holes in the pot
- make three to four small holes if necessary
- close the bottom of the pot with drainage material
- pour a layer of soil so high that the entire tuber is located in the pot
The next step is to remove the plant from the old pot and gently shake off excess soil from the root system. Sometimes drainage particles can become entangled between the roots. If possible, they should be selected manually. The freed roots must be examined.
Cut off all damaged, dried roots with a clean knife. If the tuber shows signs of rot, then it is cut to healthy tissue. The wound surface must be sprinkled with crushed coal. Dip the prepared cyclamen into a new pot and add soil on all sides of the tuber, slightly compact it.
If a Persian cyclamen is transplanted, then the upper part of the tuber should be above the soil surface. If we are talking about European cyclamen, then the tuber must be completely covered with soil. Important! Among gardeners, there is an opinion that, regardless of the type, when transplanting a flower, 1/3 of the tuber should be left above the ground.
Cyclamen care after transplant
On the day of transplanting, the plant must be left alone. If the soil is dry, then the next day, pour cool water into the pan, which has settled at room temperature. In the future, watering can be carried out both through the pallet and from above. In this case, you need to try so that water does not fall on the leaves and the growing point.
In the early days, you should not expose the flower to the bright sun and keep it in a too warm place. It is advisable to place the plant where the temperature is not higher than + 16 + 18 degrees.
The first feeding after transplanting should be no earlier than 21 days. For this, a complex fertilizer for flowering plants, for example, Kemira-Lux, is suitable. Top dressing of cyclamen is carried out only during the period of active growth and flowering.
If the transplant is carried out correctly, then new young leaves will begin to appear on the flower. If new leaves appear and begin to turn yellow and dry, then most likely the pot is in the open sun. At noon, you can protect it from the sun by attaching a piece of cotton cloth to the glass. The result of all efforts should be an abundant and elegant flowering of cyclamen.
Cyclamen transplant video: