Someone called this plant the tree of happiness, while someone dreamed of a resemblance to a dragon and the tree became dragon. From Latin, the word dracaena is translated as a female dragon. Even its name from Greek is translated as dragon's blood.
The genus Dracene belongs to the Asparagus family and includes several dozen species. In the wild, most of them are common in Africa and Asia. Only one wild species is found in Central America. Despite this ominous name, the plant is very popular in indoor floriculture. We will try to find out how to breed dracaena at home.
- What conditions are needed for breeding dracaena indoors
- How to plant a dracaena yourself
- Some features of caring for dracaena
What conditions are needed for breeding dracaena indoors
Most thermophilic plants originated in indoor floriculture from regions with tropical and subtropical climates. Dracaena is no exception in this regard. Despite the fact that many species of the Dracaena genus come from hot and sunny Africa, they are quite successfully grown as indoor plants in temperate latitudes under the following conditions.
Dracaena needs good lighting throughout the growing period. However, it is worth protecting the plant from direct sun. This is especially true for young seedlings, for which direct sunlight can be destructive. Avoid keeping plant pots in rooms with poor lighting. Their growth stops, and varieties with variegated and colored leaves lose their decorative effect.
Temperature. Despite the fact that the dragon tree grows in the hot climate of the African continent, it quite adequately tolerates temperatures of + 18 + 22 degrees. In winter, the pot with the plant can be moved to cooler rooms, where the temperature will be maintained at + 15 degrees. During this period, you should avoid placing the dracaena near the radiators and never put the pot with it in a draft.
Humidity and watering. Dracaena does not tolerate too dry air. Drying the tips of the leaves will tell the grower about insufficient moisture. In the summer, it needs regular watering. You need to water the flower after the earth dries out to its full depth. In winter, watering is carried out much less frequently. It is convenient to install a humidifier in a room with a dracaena.
Important! Dracaena tolerates a lack of moisture more easily than prolonged waterlogging. For growing dracaena in a room, any universal soil is suitable. For one part of the soil, it is advisable to take 1/2 part of peat and sand. You can also use compost soil, for one part of which add 1/3 of vermiculite, sand and peat.
A layer of expanded clay or clay shards at the bottom of the pot is required for good drainage and the outflow of excess water. If you create conditions close to those listed by the strength of the grower, then you can start growing dracaena.
How to plant a dracaena yourself
The process of reproduction of dracaena in a room can serve as an example of simplicity and uncomplicatedness. It turns out that this plant can be propagated even with a small piece of a shoot. The best time for this is mid-spring. It is at this time that all life processes begin to proceed more actively. If the planting material was received at another time of the year, then this is not a contraindication to planting.
However, the rooting period may be longer. Seedlings can be obtained during plant transplantation.
Here you can either cut off the apical cutting, or cut the middle part of the shoot into cuttings along the well-visible marks in the places of leaf growth. The length of the cuttings should be 10 - 12 cm. Cut with very sharp and clean tools. The more ideal and smoother the cut, the more likely it is to avoid decay. Leave the resulting cuttings in the air for 5-6 hours. Then you can start rooting.
Rooting in water
Pour water into a suitable container and throw a whole charcoal tablet into it. Lower the cutting so that about 1/3 of it is in the water. Change the water to new and always warm, once every 6-7 days. A few drops of any root former will speed up the rooting process. Usually after 6 to 7 weeks the plant can be transplanted into a pot.
Rooting in the ground
For rooting dracaena, you can take washed and calcined sand. Both hydrogel and vermiculite will do. Moisten the soil, deepen the stalk into it also by 1/3. When rooting in soil, it is important to provide regular, but very moderate moisture. Important! In addition to vertical rooting, you can also use horizontal rooting, especially when the shoot fragment is less than 5 cm. For this, the cutting is laid on the ground and slightly pressed down.
Regardless of the method chosen, rooting should take place in a warm room at a temperature of + 22 degrees. The container with the handle should be covered with something transparent. Twice a day, the cover should be removed for 15-20 minutes. At about 5 weeks, roots will appear, at 8-9 - green sprouts. At this time, you can already plant young plants in separate pots.
Some features of caring for dracaena
Care after landing
In the first months after planting in a pot, a young plant needs good, but diffused light. It is important to ensure high humidity during this period. For this, the pot can be kept in a container with wet pebbles. Epin can be added to the water for irrigation at first. Many species of dracaena grow quite quickly and need to be transplanted.
As soon as the dracaena masters the pot, it must be transplanted into a new container. The size of the new pot should not be many times larger than the old one. It is enough to take a pot 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous one. When transplanting, you need to remove the plant from the pot and shake off the soil from the roots as much as possible. If the roots are healthy, then the plant is transplanted into a new pot with new soil.
If there are rotten roots, then they are removed, and the roots are washed from the old earth with warm water. If any pests are seen on the roots, they also need to be thoroughly rinsed out of soil residues. Otherwise, caring for dracaena does not differ from caring for other indoor plants.
Video about the correct reproduction of dracaena: