Ficus Benjamin is one of the most popular plants for landscaping residential and office buildings. We will try to find out how to propagate Benjamin's ficus at home and properly organize its care.
- The main methods of breeding ficus
- Harvesting and rooting cuttings
- Young ficus care
The main methods of breeding ficus
Ficus Benjamin got into indoor floriculture, most likely from China or other Asian countries. In the wild, it is found in India, Australia, Africa and the Philippine Islands. The plant has a developed root system, straight, strong stems and beautiful shiny leaves.
This type of ficus for industrial purposes can be propagated by seed and cloning.
Since Benjamin's ficus blooms extremely rarely indoors, it is almost impossible to get seeds from it. Therefore, the seed propagation method is used only for breeding and scientific purposes. Cloning, that is, growing a plant from one cell, is possible only in a laboratory.
At home, Benjamin's ficus can be propagated by vegetative methods:
- stem cuttings
- apical cut
Despite the fact that cuttings are harvested from different parts of the stem, in principle, their rooting and further cultivation does not differ.
Harvesting and rooting cuttings
The best time to breed Benjamin's ficus is spring. To obtain planting material, you need an adult, necessarily healthy plant. The breeding procedure can be timed to be transplanted into a new pot or pruned. Use a clean, sharp knife to cut off the top of the shoot. 12 - 15 cm long. The cut can be made oblique or straight.
Important! You cannot use scissors to obtain a cutting, as damage to the tissues of the cutting can occur between the blades. A white, quickly drying juice appears at the cut site. Its nodules will delay the formation of roots. Therefore, the juice must be washed off under running water until the discharge stops.
Also for these purposes, the tips of the petioles can be held in warm water and then rinsed. After that, you need to let the slices dry in the air. If there are several leaves on the handle, then half of them must be removed. Then you can start rooting.
Rooting in water
In order for rooting in water to be successful, it is advisable to use a dark, opaque dish, for example, a ceramic pot. A small amount of root former added to the water will speed up the process. A few shallow scratches on the bottom of the cutting will shorten the rooting time. Roots will begin to appear at about 4-5 weeks. When their length is 1-2 cm, the plant can be transplanted into a pot.
Rooting in the ground
The soil mixture for rooting cuttings can be composed of equal parts sand, peat and perlite. A few hours before planting the cuttings, the soil is well moistened. The stalk must be buried in the ground for about 1/3 of the length. Cover the container with the handle with a bag or part of a plastic bottle. From time to time, the substrate needs to be moistened.
The appearance of new leaves will confirm successful rooting. After that, the seedling can be gradually hardened, removing the shelter for a while, and then transplant the cutting into a pot. Transplanting a cuttings with roots into a permanent pot, care after transplanting
Transplanting a cuttings with roots into the ground
To transplant the cuttings, you should not take a pot that is too large in volume. This will slow down the survival rate and growth of the ficus. Pour a 3-4 cm drainage layer on the bottom of the pot. Broken brick, fine expanded clay gravel will do. The land can be purchased ready-made, intended for ficuses. For a young plant, you can independently make a mixture of equal parts:
- leaf land
All parts of the soil must be steamed in the oven or otherwise disinfected. Fill the pot with the resulting mixture and water it well one day before transplanting the young ficus. In wet soil, make a hole in the size of the roots. Plant a seedling, cover the roots with potting soil.
Tighten everything slightly. Important! The roots of the Benjamin ficus are rather fragile, so the transplant is carried out very carefully so as not to break them off. Place the pot in a well-lit place with diffused light. The room should be sufficiently humid and warm. After three days, the transplanted ficus can be watered for the first time.
Young ficus care
The frequency of watering ficus Benjamin is determined by the drying out of the earthen coma. As soon as it dries out to a depth of three cm, you can do the next watering. In winter, the drying depth may be greater, and watering more rare. Water for irrigation should be warm.
After watering, the plant can be fed with any fertilizer for indoor flowers. From spring to autumn, feed the plant every 15 days. The optimum temperature in the room for growing ficus in summer should be within + 18 + 25 degrees. In winter, from + 18 to + 20 degrees. In dry air, the plant should be sprayed or a bowl of water should be placed next to the pot.
Important! You can not keep ficus at temperatures below 10 degrees. As the plant masters the pot, it needs to be transplanted into a new one, 2-3 cm more in volume. If the cultivation of a young seedling is organized correctly, then after a couple of years the ficus will become an interior decoration.
Video about the correct reproduction of ficus: