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Calamondin: plant propagation at home


Plants from the genus Citrus have always attracted people with their useful fruits and decorative appearance. It is clear that in indoor conditions, fruits on such a seedling did not appear for decades.

However, over time, varieties and hybrids of citrus plants have been developed that flower and bear fruit when grown in pots. Calamondin, which can be reproduced by amateur growers, is one of the citrus crops that can be grown in pots for fruit.

Content:

  • What is calamondin and can you multiply it yourself?
  • Propagation of calamondin by cuttings
  • Reproduction by grafting

What is calamondin and can you multiply it yourself?

Calamondin is a representative of the Citrus genus of the Rut family. The plant is obtained as a result of hybridization of mandarin with fortunella. In another way, its name sounds like one made up of the names of plants of parental forms - citrofortunella. From the genus Fortunella, the kumquat plant participated in obtaining a hybrid.

Citrofortunella, like the kumquat, is most likely of Chinese origin. From where it came to other regions of Asia, Europe and the United States. The life form of Calamondin is an evergreen low tree with good branching. In a pot culture it can grow up to 2 meters in height, and in open ground up to 5 m.

The leaves are medium-sized, smooth, dark green, shiny. They have a pleasant citrus aroma. The flowers are white and smell very good. The fruits are small, weighing 13-15 grams and up to 30 mm in diameter. They look more like miniature tangerines, as they have a slightly flattened shape and from 6 to 10 lobules under a thin skin. The slices themselves are separated by a thin transparent film.

The thickness of the peel is not more than 1.5 mm. Like tangerine, the peel is easily removed from the pulp. The peel is edible, sweet taste. This plant looks like a kumquat. Fresh fruits, like kumquat fruits, are eaten with the skin. The taste of the pulp is sour or strongly sour.

The plant is popular in indoor floriculture, as it looks simply gorgeous with orange fruits and white asterisks of flowers that can be on the same plant at the same time. Calamondin is widely used for landscaping residential and office buildings, for growing in conservatories and greenhouses.

A large number of seeds can be found in the pulp of calamondin. However, seed propagation of this crop is used extremely rarely. After all, a plant is practically an intergeneric hybrid, grown from a seed, it may never bloom and not produce fruits. At the very least, you need to wait for a couple of five-year plans for flowering. In this case, the meaning of growing this citrus crop is lost. Therefore, for this calamondine, the following breeding methods are the most acceptable:

  • inoculation
  • cuttings

Propagation of calamondin by cuttings

The best time to propagate by cuttings in temperate climates is mid-summer. It is during this period that it is easiest to create the desired temperature regime for rooting cuttings. It successfully passes at + 25 + 26 degrees. For reproduction, apical cuttings with three to four leaves are used.

Cut off the stalk with an oblique cut. The cut is dried in air for several hours. After that, it is treated with any growth stimulant. You can simply soak the cuttings in the epin solution for 10 hours. After that, the plant is planted in loose soil and covered with a jar.

Such a greenhouse is placed in good, but not direct sunlight.

It is important to ensure that the temperature does not drop below 25 degrees. Otherwise, the process of root formation will begin like this, and the cutting itself will simply die. During the day, for 30 - 40 minutes, the cutting should be opened for airing. When the soil dries up, watering is carried out, phytohormones can also be used.

If all the conditions are met, after three weeks, roots will begin to grow. Calamondin, obtained from the cuttings, will begin to bloom and bear fruit in the third or fourth year. Given the low survival rate, you need to root several cuttings at once.

Reproduction by grafting

Reproduction by grafting involves the participation of two plants. The first will act as a rootstock. For these purposes, it is convenient to use young seedlings of oranges. The grafting material - scion - will be prepared from the second plant. This requires an adult calamondin. A small stalk is cut from it.

Video review of Calamondine:

For the vaccination, you can use the bark vaccination technique. The best time to get vaccinated is spring to mid-summer. To do this, the stock is cut at a height of 10 - 15 cm. With a sharp knife, the bark is removed from one side. The end of the cutting is cut in such a way that an oblique cut with a length of 20 - 30 mm is obtained. With this side, the stalk is tucked behind the bark and fixed with adhesive tape, winding it around the graft with a smooth, non-sticky side.

The grafted plant is covered with a bag or plastic bottle and placed in a warm place. After a month, the protective covering is removed, and after another 5-6 weeks, the adhesive tape can also be removed. To do this, it is not necessary to unwind it. You can make a neat vertical cut along the entire length of the winding.

As it grows, the trunk will increase its diameter and get rid of the tape itself.
In the future, caring for the plant consists in timely watering, feeding and transplanting as the pot is mastered. If everything succeeded and calamondin began to bear fruit, its fruits are used:

  • fresh
  • for making sauces
  • of them make jams
  • used for homemade candied fruits

Thus, citrofortunella or calamondin is a plant that is not only beautiful, but also useful.


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