It so happened that in everyday life, chamomile is called a plant that, botanically, has nothing to do with the genus Chamomile. Under the name perennial yellow chamomile, flowers from other genera of the Astrov family are very often found:
Let's try to figure out which plant can rightfully be called yellow chamomile, and which one is just called that.
- Description and types of perennial yellow chamomile
- How to plant yellow perennial daisies
- Transplanting and caring for yellow chamomile
Description and types of perennial yellow chamomile
The genus Chamomile has a common botanical name Matrikaria, which can be translated as mother herb. The genus includes about 20 species. The most widely known are chamomile and chamomile chamomile, it is also fragrant chamomile. As a rule, all chamomiles are perennial flowering herbaceous plants.
Wild chamomile is very widespread. On the territory of the country, they are found in the European part, in Siberia, in the Far East. Most often, the height of the stems of daisies is from 15 to 60 cm. The leaves of daisies are pinnate or pinnately dissected. Flowers of two types - tubular median and marginal pseudo-ligate.
It should be noted that the description of either fragrant chamomile or pharmacy chamomile does not fall under the usual description of large white-yellow flowers. If we are talking specifically about chamomiles, then yellow perennial chamomile can be considered some varieties of chamomile exceptional or matrix exceptional:
- Goldbal - terry inflorescences in the form of a ball of tubular flowers, round, spherical in shape with a diameter of 20 - 25 mm, yellow-cream color, reed flowers are absent
- Golden Ball - yellow or yellow-orange inflorescences, 30 mm in diameter, shoot height up to 35 cm
Despite the fact that these species belong to the genus Chamomile, in appearance they are unlike those plants for which this name is popularly stuck. It is more customary to call a yellow perennial variety Nivyanik chamomile with yellow reed flowers. These varieties include:
- Banana cream - semi-double inflorescences, ligulate flowers after blooming are yellow, followed by fading to ivory color, while the center remains saturated with the color of egg yolk, the diameter of the inflorescences is up to 10 cm.
- Goldfinch - double and semi-double flowers with golden-yellow narrow ligulate flowers, located around a yellow center formed by tubular flowers, stem height 0.4 - 0.6 m.
Important! Despite the differences, varieties of matricaria and varieties of cornflower with yellow inflorescences belong to the same Astrovye family and have the same cultivation technique. All plants that can be attributed to perennial yellow daisies are not very demanding to care for. They can be quite easily planted and grown on the site on their own.
How to plant yellow perennial daisies
Almost all species and varieties can be grown by direct sowing directly to the garden. It is preferable to sow chamomile seeds before winter, although if this was not done in September-October, then you can sow them in mid-May. However, given that yellow daisies are not yet frequent guests in garden plots, it is better to grow seedlings from seeds for the first time.
This method gives more guarantees that the chamomile will successfully sprout and grow. The principles of growing seedlings of yellow chamomile do not differ from the cultivation of other species and varieties of this plant. At the end of February - March, you need to take seed containers and fill them with soil. The soil can be bought ready-made universal or you can find a special one for flower crops.
In each kilogram of the finished soil, you can add 200 - 300 grams of washed coarse sand. If there is no such soil, then you can independently prepare garden soil, humus or peat, sand from the fall.
For two parts of the land, take one part of sand and peat. A small amount of wood ash or dolomite flour added to the soil for seedlings will not interfere with seedlings. Mix all parts well and calcine the soil in the oven. Decontamination can be carried out in another way. Fill the containers with soil and moisten it well on the eve of sowing.
Important! To avoid stagnant moisture, make sure that there are drainage holes in the seedling containers. Chamomile seeds do not need special preparation before sowing. To avoid fungal diseases, they can be placed in a funidazole solution for 30 minutes. If the seeds will be purchased in a store, then you definitely need to make sure they are valid. Germination lasts no longer than three years.
Review of perennial yellow chamomile on video:
Spread the seeds on a damp surface and sprinkle with a layer of soil 3-5 mm thick. You can take calcined sand. Gently moisten the top layer, cover everything with foil, this will help maintain the desired humidity. Put boxes in a room where the temperature is + 18 + 20 degrees. As soon as shoots appear, the boxes need to be rearranged to a well-lit place and ensure regular watering.
At the stage of two or three true chamomile leaves, you need to dive into individual containers. Seedlings of these flowers tolerate transplanting well and quickly master a new pot. Since chamomiles are quite tolerant to low temperatures, it is possible to plant seedlings in the ground from mid-May, when the seedlings will have 5-6 true leaves.
Transplanting and caring for yellow chamomile
The best place for all chamomiles is a well-sunlit area with loose neutral or slightly alkaline soil. In the ground dug up to a depth of 30 cm in advance, you need to make holes at a distance of 15 - 20 cm. Transfer the seedlings from the cups into them, cover them with earth and water well.
After two weeks, the seedlings can be fed with any liquid biofertilizer. The next feeding can be done with a mineral mixture after 15 days. The main plant care is reduced to:
- to moderate watering
- weed removal
- loosening the soil and mulching it
All chamomiles are frost-resistant, but in the first 2-3 winters, you still need to cover them with a layer of dry foliage of at least 10 cm. In early spring it is harvested. After three to four years, the overgrown bushes need to be divided, otherwise the inflorescences will begin to shrink. Yellow chamomile looks good in both mixed and single-species plantings.
It goes well with blue and blue colors. Although the word chamomile is translated as Roman, domestic gardeners are very fond of it and are happy to grow it on their plots.