Cybria is an ultra-early cucumber hybrid from the well-known Dutch producer Raik Zwaan. It can be used for cultivation in the winter-spring and summer periods in indoor and outdoor conditions.
- Varietal characteristics
- Growing conditions
- Formation features
- Pest control
The Kybriya cucumber is a hybrid with a ripening period of 35 to 45 days. It was first entered into the State Register of varieties in 2011. According to him, it is zoned for cultivation in the Central and North-Western regions. Cybria is a parthenocarpic variety with a predominantly female flowering type.
It is characterized by vigorous plants of unlimited growth. Lateral branching is poorly developed. Also, this hybrid is characterized by a bundle formation of ovaries, in each leaf sinus from 3 to 4 fruits are formed in it. The leaves of Cybria are rich green and medium in size.
The bulk of its fruit is formed on the main shoot. It is recommended to collect them daily. When collecting fruits every other day, the output of marketable greens is reduced by about 20%. The optimal fruit size for harvesting is 10-11 cm.Kibriya Zelentsy can be characterized as follows:
- Short length
- Frequent tubercles
- Weight from 70 to 90 grams
- Dark green skin with white thorns
- Juicy pulp without bitterness
The average yield of this hybrid with appropriate care is from 13 to 19 kg per square meter of area. Of its advantages, the following should be especially noted:
- Very high yield rates.
- The versatility of the use of fruits. They can be consumed both fresh and used for pickling and salting.
- Increased indicators of stress resistance. This hybrid recovers very quickly after exposure to low temperatures and high humidity.
- High resistance to major diseases of cucumbers.
- Excellent taste of Zelentsev.
Among the disadvantages of Kibria, it is worth highlighting the low resistance to root rot and the high cost of seed.
The growing conditions for this hybrid practically do not differ from the growing conditions for similar greenhouse varieties. For successful growth and development, he needs a loose and nutritious soil with a large amount of organic matter. The optimum temperature for growing it is between 22 and 25 ° C.
The hybrid can also tolerate its short-term decrease to 13-15 ° without any special consequences. Watering is required abundant and timely, while the irrigation water must be warm. It is best if drip irrigation is installed in the greenhouse.
Cybria is responsive to organic fertilization. Fermented mullein solution shows very good results when growing it. To prepare it, fresh mullein is poured with water and left for 7-10 days to ferment.
After that, a solution is prepared from it at the rate of one part of a mullein for 10 parts of water. For the entire growing season, 2 to 3 such dressings are required. The first time the mullein solution is watered in the phase of 2-3 true leaves.
The second time before the beginning of budding. The third time - at the time of pouring the fruit. Organic fertilizing for greater efficiency can be alternated with the introduction of mineral fertilizers. For these purposes, it is best to use special mineral complexes that have a balanced composition.
The bulk of the fruit in Cybria is concentrated on the main stem. Because of this feature of its growth, the following principle of plant formation is used. First, all ovaries and lateral shoots are removed on the main stem to a height of 5-6 sinuses. Then, all the lateral shoots that form are removed from the plants, and also regulates the number of ovaries in each sinus. The optimal number of greens in each node is 3 pieces.
When the central shoot reaches the upper crossbar of the trellis, its stem is thrown over it. After that, the crown is pinched on it at a height of 4-5 leaves from the top. After that, no more than two lateral shoots are additionally left on the central stem.
This method of formation is most effective when growing Cybrias in winter-spring circulation in a greenhouse in conditions of insufficient illumination. The recommended density of placement of plants in this case is from 2 to 3 bushes per square meter of area.
The following types of pests pose the greatest danger to the Cybrian hybrid.
Aphid. Sucking pest that feeds on plant sap. Depending on the type, it can be green or black. If the number is too high, it can cause significant harm. For the destruction of aphids, contact insecticides are suitable. In most cases, just one treatment is enough to completely destroy the population.
Thrips. Quite common and dangerous pest. White and yellow spots on the leaves are a characteristic sign of the appearance of thrips. Thrips are very persistent pests, therefore, their destruction must be approached in a comprehensive manner. To combat them, insecticidal preparations of systemic action are used. For example, "Aktara", "Fitoverm" or "Commander" shows good results.
Video about planting the Kibriya variety:
Whitefly. Another rather dangerous and difficult to destroy greenhouse pest. In appearance, the whitefly is somewhat similar to small moths with white wings. It appears most often at elevated temperatures and humidity.
Therefore, the most important measure in the prevention of whitefly is the observance of the optimal moisture-temperature regime. A characteristic sign of the appearance of this pest is a shiny bloom. To destroy it, you can use the following insecticides: Alatar, Fufanon, Mospilan and a number of others.
Spider mite. One of the most common problems when growing cucumbers indoors. A characteristic sticky coating in the form of a cobweb serves as a sign of its appearance. To destroy it, use special drugs - acaricides. For example, Fitoverm or Aktellik has good efficiency.
The Kybriya cucumber is a modern high-yielding hybrid. Anyone can grow it on their site or in a greenhouse. The main thing is to create suitable conditions for development for him and to carry out all the necessary care measures.