Peaches: features of cultivation and useful properties

Multi-species peach, cultivation and competent care gives the plant full development. Useful properties, extensive use in folk medicine and cooking, distinguish the genus at its true worth among the variety of other cultures.


  • Peach plant description
  • Growing features
  • Benefits and application in traditional medicine and cooking

Peach plant description

The herbaceous plant peach (Persicaria) belongs to the buckwheat family. There are up to 150 species of plants growing in the form of lianas and dwarf shrubs. Representatives of the genus belong to an annual, more often a perennial plant. They reach a height of 30 to 200 cm. On an erect, ascending and curling stem, numerous lanceolate leaves up to 30 cm long with pointed ends.

The color of green leaves ranges from dark to light, with dark spots present. In spike-shaped, racemose and paniculate inflorescences there are a large number of small flowers.

Their varied color palette depends on the species. They appear by mid-May and bloom before the onset of cold weather. The fruits in appearance are small dark nuts, slightly flattened or triangular in appearance. Creeping and rod rhizomes are well developed. A substantiated characteristic of the genus is able to find a worthy application for every plant in the world of flora.

Growing features

The genus is widespread in the temperate and tropical climates of the northern regions, and also mostly grows in the countries of South America. The species tolerate the sun and partial shade, easily and colorfully decorate the flower beds with rich flowering from May to the first frost.

Reproduction of plants occurs by seeds and dividing the bush. Before sowing in early spring, seeds undergo a stratification process from 1 to 2 months at a temperature of 18 - 25 ° C. Transplanting by dividing the bush allows the plant to quickly adapt to new growing conditions. Roots take root easily due to rapid growth.

Plants grow in any area, fertile soil is not required. Favorable growing conditions on fertilized and drained soil turn the peachberry into a clear aggressor, which, by growing, crowds out other competitors nearby. Quite often, plants act as a weed, they grow almost everywhere. Constant weeding of such species brings gardeners a lot of physical labor.

In summer, moisture-loving plants require moderate watering and periodic application of complex fertilizers up to 3 times a season. Adult peaches are hardy crops and do not require protective measures. Young plants in the first year of development need a protective shelter in the winter. For Japanese, filamentous and small-headed species, the winter period is intended in a greenhouse.

Plants are not exposed to diseases and pests, they are distinguished by protective resistance. The presence of the species diversity of peaches shows the productive qualities of cultivation. The unpretentiousness and endurance of plants on the one hand, at the same time, shows the aggressive qualities of distribution.

Benefits and application in traditional medicine and cooking

In folk medicine

A treasure trove of nutritional components of peaches can cope with some diseases:

  • prevents the development of heart disease, relieves inflammation and swelling with flavonoids and essential oils
  • copes with an unpleasant disease - hemorrhoids, reducing the hemorrhoid and inflammation, due to the presence of organic acids and tannin
  • antioxidant properties of the plant are able to stop uterine, gastric
  • intestinal and heavy menstrual bleeding, due to the presence of vitamins K and C
  • silicic acid prevents urinary stones

The healing properties of the plant have long been known to many, are used in folk medicine and pharmaceuticals.

Cooking applications

The rhizomes of plants are used as an additive in salads from boiled vegetables. Reduce the amount of starch and tannins before use, by frying or stewing. Peeled young shoots and leaves are boiled and used in salads, like asparagus. Puree is prepared from fresh leaves of young plants with the addition of nettle, which is used as a dressing in borscht or cabbage soup.

The pungent peppery taste of the dried aerial parts of the plant - seeds, leaves and stems - is used ground, as a spicy seasoning for sauce, salad, and the first vegetable dish. Also, seasoning is added along with herbs when canning vegetables.

Prepared tea made from dried leaves is considered a healthy vitamin drink. Adding sugar or honey will help reduce peppery flavor and increase nutritional value. The edible qualities of the plant are used with pleasure in cooking.

In conclusion, it should be said that the peach is a plant that can become an ornament for any garden plot, which fits in the original flower arrangements. The unpretentious qualities of plants are able to delight every gardener with annual and abundant flowering.

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