The planning of a summer cottage requires knowledge of certain principles, in accordance with which the division of the territory will be carried out. Many owners are faced with various problems of site planning: the location of the house, outbuildings, the layout of flower beds, etc. How to make the layout of the garden area?
- Site planning: why do it
- Nuances you need to know when planning a garden plot
- Site planning styles
- Site shape and distribution of objects
- Stages of planning a garden plot
Site planning: why do it
Correct planning and distribution of objects in a summer cottage is an important stage on the path of building a house. This will help avoid possible mistakes. The importance of the vertical planning of the territory is to create favorable conditions for the construction of a residential area, outbuildings.
If the planning stages are not followed, errors will subsequently affect the operation of the house. Not only comfort, but also the attractiveness of the common area depends on how correctly the objects are located on the site.
Nuances you need to know when planning a garden plot
At the design stage of construction and planting work, you should have a plan for your site. Such a document can be obtained from a special organization - the bureau of technical inventory. When planning, it is imperative to take into account the location of communications. You should also evaluate the following points of the land plot:
- Terrain relief
- The form
- Soil type
- Ground water level
- Direction of the wind
Depending on the relief, they plan the location of buildings, a vegetable garden, a garden and other elements of the landscape. The shape of the site can be any and this must also be taken into account so that later some part does not remain empty. Taking into account the shape, you can plan the style of the suburban area.
At the planning stage, it is imperative to determine the type of soil and its acidity. These are important indicators by which you can determine which flowers, plants and vegetables to grow. The level of occurrence of groundwater can be judged on the presence or absence of drainage.
The strength and direction of the wind is an important factor when planning your garden layout. If the area is ventilated, then you need to take care of plant protection. It is important to determine the location of the territory in relation to the cardinal points. This will allow you to correctly arrange the garden, break flower beds and determine the territory for the garden.
Site planning styles
When designing a summer cottage, three styles are distinguished:
- Geometric style. This style is characterized by a strictly geometrical arrangement. Mainly used in areas with flat terrain. Planting of plants, trees should be kept in a geometric shape: square, round, etc.
- Landscaping style. In a picturesque style, you can place flowers, plants in a free order. You may not adhere to a clear framework. The lines of the paths can be winding, and the shapes are smooth. A distinctive feature of the style is the uneven relief, on which there are artificial or natural elevations.
- Mixed style. Combines elements of geometric and landscape styles. If the plot is large, then one part can be done in a regular style, and the other in a picturesque one.
Site shape and distribution of objects
The rectangular shape of the site is the most convenient option that allows you to embody any idea. The L-shape has its advantages. The protruding part can be used as a recreation area by ennobling it with a hedge. It will be a secluded area hidden from most views.
In this part of the site there may be a parking lot, a bathhouse, a playground for children, a small vegetable garden, etc. A section of an elongated shape can cause problems for its owners when planning objects. The area can be divided into 2 zones using plants. Regular style is not suitable for this form. In the central part, you can place flower beds with bright flowers. It is advisable to place the house on the side, and not in the center.
For outbuildings, it is better to take a place at the end of the site. In a triangular area, you can place objects asymmetrically, adding a lot of detail. You can create a unique plan diagram using mixed shapes. If the site is on a slope, then you can create a project that will be viewed from top to bottom.
There should be a house at the top. If the slope is more than 15 degrees, then you will need a retaining wall for the house and other structures. At the planning stage of the land plot, one should take into account the shape of the plot and, on the basis of this, think over the layout of all objects.
Stages of planning a garden plot
When planning a land plot, it is necessary to develop and design a plan for the location of all objects. In addition, for what purpose the site will be used: for recreation, growing vegetables, etc. If necessary, you can contact the specialists who will develop the site using special programs.
The site plan should be transferred to graph paper and draw the site into squares, where each square will correspond to 1 m2. Next, draw and mark with colored pencils or pens all the planned objects on the site. In this case, the above nuances and styles of planning should be taken into account.
The main stages of planning a land plot:
Living sector. The main stage of development is a residential building, so the planning begins with choosing a place for building a house. Further, the breakdown of the territory is carried out relative to the location of the house. You should know that the residential area should occupy about 10% of the total area of the land plot.
Accommodation of outbuildings. They should be located at the depth of the site and occupy about 15% of the total area. It is recommended to place it so that the falling shadow does not interfere with the growth of plants, however, the walls should be protected from gusts of wind. The optimal zone for the allocation of outbuildings is the north-western part.
Recreation area place. Such a zone can be located in different places in small fragments or be a single composition in a designated area. A swimming pool or a bathhouse can be placed near the border. We must not forget about the play area for children. It should be in the shade, but the pool in the sun.
A place for a garden. The vegetable garden and garden should be located in a bright and open place. At the same time, it is important to think over where to plant vegetable or garden crops so that the shadow from other buildings does not fall on them. Many plants are light-loving, but some grow well in the shade. This also needs to be taken into account when placing flower beds.
When planning, you need to take into account the rules of SNiP when placing objects relative to each other. The distance from the residential area to the fence of the neighbors should be at least 3 meters. From the fence to small buildings, the free space should be about 1 meter wide.
Large plants are located at a distance of 1 m from the fence, and tall trees from 4 m. The bathhouse should be located 8 m from the living area, and 1 m from the hedge. SNiP requirements should also be observed when placing objects on the land.
Garden planning video: