Home flowers need feeding. In this case, specially formulated fertilizers for indoor flowers.
- Mineral fertilizers
- Organic fertilizers
- Plant feeding rules
- When flowers need feeding
The lack of any trace elements affects the condition of the houseplant. For full development, flowers need:
- phosphorus, with a lack of it, the flowering will not be abundant, and the leaves will become pale, the plant will begin to fade
- nitrogen affects plant growth and foliage quality
- potassium, if the plant lacks potassium, it may not bloom or will bloom with very small flowers;
- lack of sulfur will affect the leaves, they will wither
- calcium improves the quality of foliage, especially on the top of the flower
Indoor plants also require magnesium, iron, copper, boron for normal development. Organic fertilizers improve the quality of the soil, making it more breathable. It should be borne in mind that bulbous plants and gerberas do not need organic fertilizers.
Ornamental plants, characterized by a special variegated color of foliage, due to improper feeding with organic fertilizers, can lose their individual properties, their leaves will acquire the usual uniform color, without spots.
Mineral fertilizers improve the nutrient medium of the soil, from where the plants receive the elements necessary for growth. All organic fertilizers are divided into three main groups:
- Nitrogen: ammonia, calcium, sodium, urea, ammonium sulfate.
- Potash: wood ash, potassium nitrate, potassium sulfate.
- Phosphorous: simple and double superphosphates.
Each type of mineral fertilizer is introduced at a certain period of plant development. Initially, the flower needs nitrogen fertilization, and before flowering and during flowering, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are needed.
Only healthy plants are fed with minerals. Do not fertilize flowers that are not rooted. Mineral fertilizers are injected directly into the soil. But most mineral preparations are diluted with water, and the leaves are sprayed with the resulting solution.
Fertilizers from the organic group are also useful for indoor flowers, as well as mineral ones. They are based on plant products that have been processed. The group of organic fertilizers for indoor flowers includes:
- wood ash
- onion broth
- aquarium water
Peat is a waste product of bogs, it contains minerals, it is also rich in carbon content. Peat has a positive effect on plant growth, it is able to retain moisture. Peat is applied to the soil intended for planting an indoor flower. Its content should not exceed 30% of the total amount of soil.
Wood ash is an effective fertilizer containing many beneficial trace elements. Only that ash, which does not include harmful impurities from burning plastics and printing publications, will be useful. Wood ash has the following positive qualities:
- disinfects the soil
- feeds the soil
- reduces soil acidity
Ash is a very active agent; in case of an overdose, it will burn the plant. Onion broth for feeding indoor plants is prepared as follows:
- 50 grams of onion husks are poured with two liters of hot water
- put on the stove and bring to a boil
- insist for three hours
The flowers are sprayed with the resulting broth, and the onion broth is diluted twice for watering. Such a remedy helps well to fight pests and fungal diseases. Eggshells contain calcium. This property can be used to feed plants. The shell is poured with water and insisted for a week. Flowers are watered with this infusion. Sugar solution is good for indoor flowers.
To prepare a nutrient, take a teaspoon of sugar and dilute it with half a liter of water. The water from the aquarium can be used to water your indoor plants. Such water contains useful biological substances. But this procedure is often not recommended. It will be enough once a month. Such feeding will be effective only during growth. Namely, in the spring and summer.
Plant feeding rules
The process of plant feeding is quite a responsible procedure. In order not to harm the plants, certain rules must be followed. When fertilizing indoor flowers, you should remember about the measure. An overdose of nutrients can do much more harm than a lack of nutrition.
When fertilizing plants, you need to consider:
- home flowers are fertilized during the period of their active growth or flowering
- in winter, it is better not to disturb the plants, at this time they are at rest
- if the fertilizer is intended solely for introduction into the soil, it is important to ensure that it does not fall on the leaves of flowers
- before carrying out the procedure, the soil should be thoroughly watered, this is done in order not to burn the roots of the flowers
- only healthy flowers need to be fed
- fertilizers are diluted in water at room temperature
- nutritional preparations should be alternated, it is not recommended to constantly use the same remedy
When flowers need feeding
Domestic flowers are in great need of additional nutrition. Plants deplete the soil in which they grow. Over time, the soil loses nutrients and minerals. In order for the plant not to get sick, it is required to regularly saturate the soil with useful substances. A signal that the flower needs additional nutrition are the following symptoms:
- the plant began to grow slowly
- the stems became thin and elongated
- the leaves have acquired a faded shade
- rare flowering is noted
- yellowing and dryness of foliage
- the flower has ceased to resist diseases
In order to prevent the appearance of such signs, it is important to take care of the health of the flower in advance and select the necessary fertilizers for it. Correctly and in a timely manner, the feeding procedure will prevent the death of the plant and will contribute to its active growth and flowering.
Video about various fertilizers for indoor plants: