Garlic is a crop that does not require much maintenance after planting. This plant is very popular among gardeners for its unpretentiousness, as well as for its unique pungent and taste and a lot of useful properties. Often, gardeners wonder when to plant garlic: in spring or autumn.
- When is the best time to plant garlic
- Preparing for landing and choosing a seat
- Soil preparation and formation of beds
- Care after landing
When is it better to plant garlic
It is permissible to plant garlic in both spring and autumn. Autumn plantings give a rich harvest. At the same time, the garlic itself turns out to be very juicy and aromatic. But there is a significant drawback. Autumn garlic has a short shelf life. Even with observance of all the rules and regulations of storage, the heads begin to blacken and rot early. Therefore, experienced gardeners choose the spring planting option. In this case, the shelf life of the garlic increases significantly.
Planting work is started as soon as the snow melts. The soil should warm up to +5 degrees. This is roughly the end of April or the beginning of May.
In this case, the climatic features of the region should also be taken into account. Garlic, which is planted in spring, is called spring, the autumn version is called winter. The difference between spring garlic is not only that it has a longer shelf life. Spring garlic cloves are tighter to each other. Its heads are not very large, unlike winter ones.
The best varieties of spring garlic include:
These grades do not give an arrow. Gulliver garlic belongs to the shooting variety.
Preparing for landing and choosing a seat
Before you start planting, you need to prepare the planting material. To do this, the garlic is divided into separate cloves without damaging the skin. Then they are placed on a damp towel. The towel is rolled up and put away for several days in a cool place, you can put it in the refrigerator.
Garlic is a sun-loving plant. It is planted in well-lit areas. Garlic gets along well with crops such as:
Neighborhood with cabbage and peas is undesirable. These vegetables inhibit the growth and development of garlic. The ideal option is a place where melons or legumes were previously grown.
Soil preparation and formation of beds
Garlic is not afraid of the cold. It begins to grow even when the air temperature is slightly above zero. Do not delay planting work. Otherwise, the garlic will not have enough time to ripen. Subject to all norms, the harvest can be obtained already at the end of August or at the beginning of September.
Garlic has a weak root system, so it needs a moist soil. A neutral soil is best. If the soil is slightly acidic, it should be diluted with ash. In advance, two weeks before planting, the soil should be fed with humus or compost. The earth needs to be dug up, loosened with a rake.
The garlic is planted in rows. Furrows should not be made deeper than 4 cm. The teeth are planted at a distance of 5 cm from each other. If the variety is large, then this distance can be increased by two to three centimeters. The grooves are sprinkled with earth, lightly slapping it.
A distance of 40 cm is maintained between the rows. This is done so that the plant is convenient to weed and loosen. To protect the soil from drying out, it must be mulched using dry pine needles or dry grass.
This procedure is optional, but it will greatly facilitate the further care of the plant. Garlic must be planted in moist soil. If rainfall is low, additional watering will be required. After two weeks, the first shoots should appear.
Care after landing
Spring garlic will need much more attention after planting than winter garlic. Until the first shoots appear, the plant needs to be watered. Watering will be needed for four weeks after planting. After that, the garlic is watered only in dry weather.
Video about planting garlic in spring:
To improve the yield, it is recommended to fertilize the plants with nitrogenous fertilizers. During the emergence of the first shoots, potassium chloride will be useful. Manure or compost is suitable as a mineral fertilizer. The second feeding is done when the bulbs begin to form. Complex fertilizers will be useful for this period.
And in order to increase yields, you need phosphorus and potassium. If a variety that gives arrows is planted, they will need to be removed as soon as they appear. This is done so that nutrients do not go to the development of the arrow and are not wasted, but go to the formation of the head.
Most of the spring varieties do not produce arrows. Therefore, the maturity level is determined by the leaves. Garlic can be harvested when its leaves turn yellow and begin to dry. Ripe garlic is not recommended to be pulled out of the soil; it is carefully dug out.
Harvested in dry weather. Then you need to let it dry well. For this, choose a cool dry place. A canopy or attic is ideal. After this procedure, the heads are shaken off the ground, the roots will need to be cut off, and then, the crop is placed in boxes, the bottom of which is lined with paper.
Do not put a thick layer on the heads. It is important that they have access to fresh air. Spring garlic, subject to all the rules, is able to retain all its valuable qualities throughout the winter.