Kalanchoe is a widespread houseplant from the Fat family. More than 200 plant species are found in nature.
- Botanical description and main types
- Growing conditions
- Home care
- Formative pruning and propagation
- The most common pests
Botanical description and main types
All types of Kalanchoe are succulent plants with fleshy leaves. Their height ranges from 20 to 50 cm. The following types are most often used as a room culture:
- Blossfeld. A beautiful flowering species native to Madagascar, usually its height does not exceed 30 cm. It is characterized by rounded leaves with a slightly wavy edge. The flowers can be white, red, pink, or yellow, depending on the variety.
- Degremona. Viviparous species about 50 cm high. It differs in elongated leaves, along the edges of which children are located.
- Dissected. Perennial plant with heavily dissected leaves. It is better known under the popular name "Deer Horns".
- Cirrus. Quite a tall look. The height of its stems can easily exceed 80 cm.
- Felt. Differs in strongly pubescent leaves of a silvery-green hue.
All types of Kalanchoe are absolutely not demanding plants. Even a novice florist can take care of them without any problems.
For the successful development, and even more so for the flowering of the Kalanchoe, a large amount of bright sunlight is required. Therefore, for the cultivation of this crop, windows with a south and southeast orientation are best suited.
In summer, Kalanchoe tolerates heat very easily. But in winter it is best kept in cool conditions. This will help it form flower buds. Air humidity has practically no effect on the Kalanchoe. This flower grows equally well both in dry air and in conditions of high humidity. But a light sprinkling or a warm shower will only do him good.
The Kalanchoe has no special requirements for the composition of the soil. For its cultivation, you can use ready-made soil for succulent plants. If there is no opportunity for acquisition, then the soil can be compiled independently from equal parts of sod land, peat and sand. For more looseness, perlite can be added to this mixture.
Kalanchoe is a plant, although not demanding, but without appropriate care it still cannot live long. Like all succulents, aloe requires moderate watering during periods of intense growth and lean in winter. It is easier for this plant to withstand prolonged drought than a single bay. Irrigation water must be soft and settled. If you use tap water for irrigation, the soil becomes salted very quickly, which negatively affects the development of the plant.
Top dressing and transplanting
With a properly composed soil, non-flowering aloe species do not require additional fertilizing. But beautifully flowering species must be fed during a period of intensive growth. In them, this contributes to a more abundant laying of flower buds. To do this, you can use any complex mineral fertilizer for indoor plants. It should be diluted according to the attached instructions.
Intensively growing specimens of Kalanchoe should be transplanted annually. This is best done in the spring. In this case, the new pot must necessarily be slightly larger than the previous one. Also, it must be equipped with drainage.
Formative pruning and propagation
With age, all types of Kalanchoe begin to become naked. It can also be observed with too warm wintering. To preserve the decorative appearance of the plants, formative pruning can be carried out. During it, all old and bare shoots are removed. With regrowth, young shoots can also be additionally pinched. This technique will contribute to better tillering.
All types of Kalanchoe can be propagated at home by vegetative means. For this, strong cuttings with several pairs of leaves are cut from adult specimens. Further, depending on the preferences of the grower, they can be rooted in water or soil.
Video describing the original breeding method of Kalanchoe:
For rooting in the ground, cuttings are planted in a loose and moisture-absorbing substrate to a depth of no more than 1 cm. To create a greenhouse effect, they can be additionally covered with a plastic bag on top. Under favorable conditions, after 10 days, the first roots appear on the cuttings. When rooting in water, the cuttings are placed in a container with boiled water.
It is advisable to put an activated carbon tablet on its bottom. This will prevent putrefactive processes. After the rudiments of the roots appear on the cuttings, they are planted in the soil. Viviparous species can be propagated with the help of children. To do this, they are collected from the edge of the sheet plate, and then placed on the surface of a moist and loose substrate.
Usually 1 week is enough for them to take root. Some types of Kalanchoe, for example, Blossfeld, can be propagated using seeds.
To do this, you need to prepare seed containers with loose, nutritious and sufficiently moisture-absorbing soil. Seeds must be stratified within a month before sowing. To do this, they are mixed with wet sand and placed in a refrigerator.
Sowing is carried out superficially, after which the sowing container is covered with cellophane film. The optimum temperature for germination is from 20 to 22 ° C. After five or six true leaves grow on the plants, they are transplanted into separate containers. If this is not done, then the development of plants is greatly delayed.
The most common pests
Kalanchoe, although rare, is still attacked by pests. Most often, the following species can be found on it.
Aphid. Quite a small pest that feeds on plant sap. It is very easy to destroy it. In most cases, a single washing of the plant leaves with a solution of laundry soap is sufficient. If there are too many pests, any insecticide can be used.
Whitefly. Quite a dangerous pest of flowers and vegetables. To destroy it, you need to use insecticidal preparations of systemic action. They have the ability to accumulate in all parts of the plant and therefore have a long period of protective action.