Various citrus crops have long been known to man. On the shelves of stores in any country are:
The bright fruits make it attractive to grow citrus fruits at home. Getting started with this exciting activity, you need to choose a species and variety suitable for cultivation in the room.
- Which citrus fruits are suitable for growing in pots
- Conditions for indoor citrus cultivation
- Where to get planting material for growing citrus fruits
- Caring for citrus fruits indoors
Which citrus fruits are suitable for growing in pots
Not only in Asian countries, but also in countries with cold climates, the tradition of growing indoor citrus fruits goes back several hundred years. The cultivation of lemons is especially popular.
If you plant a lemon seed in the ground, it will surely sprout. Sooner or later, the sprout will turn into a fairly large tree, but most likely there will be no fruits on it. For growing in pots, lemons of special, indoor varieties are most suitable:
- Pavlovsky - a popular self-pollinated indoor variety with trees from 1.0 to 2.0 m high, fragrant flowers, large fruits
- Novogruzinsky - trees up to 1.5 m high, large flowers, flowering begins at the age of four years, gives fruits weighing up to 120 grams
- Maikop - a variety obtained as a result of folk selection, bears fruit abundantly, lives for a long time
- Genoa - small trees, without sharp outgrowths, in the fifth year gives up to 50 fruits
The choice of varieties of indoor lemons is very large, which confirms the popularity of these plants among fans of indoor floriculture. The assortment of other citrus fruits is somewhat more modest, but still there is a huge selection here.
Among all citrus fruits, tangerines are the easiest to tolerate low temperatures; tangerines of the following varieties are suitable for growing indoors:
- forged - Vasya - in indoor conditions, trees are not higher than 1 m, blooms and bears fruit from the second year
- Sochi 23 - fruits are bright, orange, slightly flattened, weighing up to 80 grams
- clementine - a hybrid of orange with tangerine
Orange varieties for growing in pots:
- gamplin - dwarf plants no higher than 1.5 m, one of the best and most productive indoor oranges
- pear-shaped beetle - a popular orange with pear-shaped fruits
- Pavlovsky - the best indoor variety
- Adjarian seedless - fruits are bright, flat-round
In addition to the above citrus fruits, you can grow kumquat and its hybrids at home:
- calomondin - hybrid with tangerine
- orangey - with orange
- limequat - with lime
Bitter oranges, grapefruits, and various hybrids also grow at home. Despite the fact that this list is far from complete, all citrus indoor crops need certain conditions.
Conditions for indoor citrus cultivation
As with all indoor citrus potted plants, important conditions are:
- the soil
Lighting and temperature
Like all plants from tropical and subtropical climates, citrus fruits are demanding on lighting. For their cultivation, it is best to choose windows facing south, southwest, southeast. In the event that this is not possible, a pot with a citrus plant can be placed near any window with additional lighting.
For this, one fluorescent lamp is sufficient. In addition, there are shade-tolerant crops among these crops. Like lighting, temperature is very important for citrus crops. Moreover, the summer regime is different from the winter one.
Starting in spring, pots of citrus fruits should be kept indoors where the temperature does not drop below + 18. This will promote bud formation and the beginning of flowering. In winter, most citrus fruits need to be grown at + 12 degrees. Tangerines can be kept at this time of the year and at + 8. If the seasonality is not observed in the temperature regime, then you can not wait for the formation of buds and full flowering.
Humidity and watering
The optimum moisture content for most citrus fruits should be at least 60%. On hot summer days as well as in winter. with hot radiators, citrus fruits should be sprayed with warm water at least once a day. These plants respond well to a warm shower.
Water the plants as the soil dries up in 1/3 pots. In winter, watering is quite rare, you can water citrus fruits once every 3-4 weeks, but without waiting for the soil in the pot to dry out completely. Since all citrus fruits are long-livers, for their cultivation it has a soil composition in a pot.
Citrus potting mix can be purchased to fill the pot for citrus potted crops. If this is not possible, then you can prepare the soil yourself. For younger plants, the following composition is suitable:
- coarse sand or finest gravel - 1 part
- well-rotted manure - 1 part
- land, leaf, - 1 part
- land, turf, - 2 parts
If the soil is needed for transplanting and growing an adult, from 5 years old, a plant, then such a soil composition is suitable in which there will be three parts of sod land, and all other components one by one.
Where to get planting material for growing citrus fruits
Most often, planting material can be:
- get by cuttings
- grow from seed
How to choose a citrus plant in a store
The most convenient planting material for home growing citrus crops will be a young plant purchased from a special store. Important! You only need to purchase a plant from a trusted seller or manufacturer.
Most often, when making a purchase of a plant in a serious store, you can also get recommendations on how to adapt it to new growing conditions. Try not to get a very mature plant with a lot of already formed fruits. When buying, you need to inspect the leaves from the bottom side, it is these places that various pests love.
Video about growing citrus fruits in the room:
Also, the plant should not have serious mechanical damage. A small amount of ovary or adult fruit is acceptable. The optimal ratio is one fruit per 15 leaves. After the acquisition, the fruits will have to be cut off. For a week, the plant should be kept in the purchased pot, and then transplanted into a new one.
The shoot must be cut from a well-developed, healthy citrus tree to obtain a cutting. The length of the cutting is about 10 - 12 cm; at least 2-3 buds must be present on it. Do not take shoots that are too young or too old with dense wood.
The best time to harvest cuttings is April. Rooting can be carried out both in a glass of water and in soil consisting of earth and sand, covering the stalk with a part of a plastic bottle. The roots appear in about 20 to 25 days. The plant can then be planted in a permanent pot.
Growing from seeds
Despite the fact that growing from seeds is the most accessible for amateur breeding of citrus fruits, the result is unpredictable. You can get a plant whose fruits will be inferior to the parent form, or you can get a new superior plant. However, it is also possible that a seedling obtained from seeds does not have flowers. Seeds sprout in about a month, and the seedling needs to be transplanted at the 5-leaf stage.
Caring for citrus fruits indoors
It is necessary to start feeding the plants in the spring. This is especially important for mature, fruiting plants. The first two or three dressings with a difference of 14 days should be organic, and all subsequent ones should be mineral. For organic fertilizing, you can use ready-made biohumus. For mineral dressings, a complex mixture for indoor flowers is suitable.
As you master the pot, the plant needs to be transplanted into a large container. The best time to transplant is late winter or early spring. Young plants are simply transferred to a new pot. Important! Do not transplant a plant with flowers and fruits.
It is difficult to transplant large, adult plants from large tubs, but in order to renew the soil, you need to remove about 1/4 of the soil from above and replace it with a new one.
All citrus fruits do not tolerate the presence of dust on the leaves. Dust can be removed with a clean, damp cloth. In the summer, about once every 5 days, citrus fruits can be used for a warm shower. In addition to all of the above, in summer, citrus pots can be taken out into the garden or on the balcony.
Growing citrus fruits indoors is not only exciting, but also useful, since all citrus fruits clean the air in a room well, making it healthier for humans.