Garlic is prized for its distinctive flavor and numerous health benefits. Growing garlic is not difficult, the main thing is to plant it at the right time and provide proper care for the plant.
- Optimal timing for planting
- Features of preparing the earth and garlic for planting
- Rules for planting garlic before winter
- Necessary conditions for growing
- Garlic care activities
Optimal timing for planting
To get a good winter harvest of garlic, you should know when to plant it. The optimal time for planting is mid-October to the end of November. Disembarkation should be done 1.5 months before the onset of cold weather. Gardeners and gardeners need to keep an eye on the weather. In addition, the timing may vary depending on the climate of a particular region.
In the middle lane, garlic is planted at the end of September and until mid-October. If planted at a later date, the garlic will not take root and freeze. Planting too early (late August or the first decade of September) also affects the harvest badly. In this warm season, the teeth will begin to grow, and this weakens winter hardiness. With a sharp drop in temperature, the teeth will be severely damaged.
Features of preparing the earth and garlic for planting
The land must be prepared 10-15 days before the cloves are planted. The site must be flat, without a slope. The earth is dug up to 20 cm and stones, weeds and other debris are removed. Then manure or humus is introduced. You will need half a bucket per square meter. It is categorically impossible to bring fresh manure, as it will destroy the garlic. Then it will take 1.5-2 weeks for the soil to settle.
If you hurry and plant the teeth immediately after digging, then they will go too deep into the soil and rooting will be delayed. In addition, in the spring, the garlic will not have enough air, and it will spend energy on germination, which as a result will affect the harvest.
It is important to select high-quality material for planting. The teeth should be dense, without rot, dents, cracks and plaque. The outer sheath must not be damaged. Even the smallest spots of rot or mold when planting can infect the rest of the teeth.
After the selection of the planting material, it is necessary to carry out disinfection. To do this, dip the chives in a 1% solution of copper sulfate for 30 minutes. Instead, you can use ash liquor, a weak solution of potassium permanganate or sodium chloride. After that, you can start planting the garlic.
Rules for planting garlic before winter
You can land in rows or in a semicircle. Pre-outline the landing site according to the 10x15 cm scheme. The depth depends on the size of the teeth. One tooth should be deepened by 5-10 cm. Larger teeth should be planted at a distance of 15 cm from each other, and small ones by 10 cm.
It is necessary to maintain a distance between rows of about 20 cm. When leaving, you can easily loosen the soil, weed and fertilize. When planting in grooves, it is advisable to pour sand on the bottom. This will help prevent cloves from rotting while in moist soil.
During planting, you should not press the cloves hard into the ground, as the garlic will bulge out of the soil. Then fill the pits with compost. In cold regions, it is imperative to mulch the soil. Spruce branches, fallen leaves, etc. can be used as mulch. The mulch layer should be about 2 cm. With the onset of spring, the protective layer is removed.
Necessary conditions for growing
Experienced gardeners know that optimal conditions for all vegetable crops must be created in order to obtain a bountiful and healthy harvest, and garlic is no exception. It is not recommended to grow garlic in the same place.
The location needs to be changed periodically. Planting garlic in place of onions, tomatoes, peppers and eggplant is undesirable. The listed vegetable crops spread fusarium. This fungal disease often affects the heads of garlic. You can grow garlic in place of cabbage, pumpkin, legumes.
It is important for the plant to take root, so it should be planted in a place where there is enough sunlight. It is not recommended to grow in the shade. Better to plant on a hill.
Garlic care activities
Planting garlic is not enough to get a rich harvest. It is necessary to provide proper care for him. The gardener starts work only when the snow begins to melt. When the earth dries up, weeding is carried out. This procedure provides air exchange and promotes the rapid growth of vegetable crops.
In spring, the soil is usually moist and does not need watering, but during dry periods, plants need additional watering. This procedure should be carried out if you start to dry.
If it is not possible to water the garlic, then after the next watering, the soil should be mulched. The mulch will retain moisture in the ground. It is necessary to regularly clean the plant from weeds. In order to build up green mass, a sufficient amount of nutrients must be supplied to the crop in the spring.
Garlic is very fond of nitrogen, so you can use any nitrogenous fertilizer. From mineral fertilizers it is good to use urea. Urea granules can be scattered between the beds and sprinkled with earth, or dissolve a tablespoon of fertilizer in a bucket of water and water the plants.
Winter garlic care is an important activity that should not be neglected. The future harvest of garlic will depend on proper and proper care.
Video on how to properly plant garlic before winter: