Cedars are very valuable not only for their fruits, but also for their needles and wood. There is a wide variety of evergreen conifers, but the European cedar pine is one of the most common.
- Variety characteristic
- Growing conditions
- Planting and leaving
- Application of cedar pine
Characteristics of the variety
European cedar pine or European cedar belongs to the conifers of the Pine family. The root system is strong and widely spread. The tree grows slowly, the growth is about 15-25 cm long and 10 cm wide per year. The crown of the pine is wide, ovoid, with a diameter of 4-8 m. Young pines have a smooth, gray-green bark and resinous bubbles are present.
In mature trees, the bark is rough with scales. The length of the needles is 5-9 cm, and their thickness is 0.8-1.2 mm. In structure, the needles are dense green with a bluish tinge and are collected in small bunches. The needles are kept for 3-5 years. Flowering occurs in late spring and early summer. Cones are ovoid, dark brown in color, 5-8 cm in length and are located on small petioles.
The purple-green color of the buds indicates immaturity. Ripen in September the next year after pollination. The cones contain seeds, the size of which is 8-12 mm.
For male cones, yellow or red needles are characteristic. They reach 10 mm in length and 5 mm in width. Female cones have an oblong ovoid shape up to 1 cm long.When falling off, the cones do not open
By morphological similarity, this coniferous species is very close to Siberian pine. This ornamental plant is frost-resistant and durable. Cedar wood is widely used for making decorative crafts due to its beautiful pattern. European pine is used in landscape design.
European cedar pine can be grown both on dry and wet soils. It is a light-loving and wind-resistant plant, but can grow in the shade. It is better to grow on sandy or sandy loam soils. When planting on sandy soil, add clay.
For good growth and development of an ornamental plant, a soil mixture should be prepared. You will need turf, sand in a 2: 1 ratio. If necessary, you can add about 200-300 g of lime per well. If the soil is heavy, then sand or gravel about 20 cm should be added. Pine can only be propagated by seeds.
Planting and leaving
It is better to purchase seedlings for planting in a pot. If it is impossible to find such, then they choose with large clods of earth. The seedling must be no more than 3 years old. Depending on the variety, the size of cedar pine can be 30 cm and reach 3 m.
First you need to dig up the prepared area. The depth of the hole should be 0.8-1 m. The distance between the seedlings should be about 4-6 meters. Before planting seedlings, their roots must be dipped in a clay solution. Drive pegs along the perimeter of the hole. They will serve as a support for the tree. When planting, you should add nitroammofosk.
Next, place the seedling in the hole and tie it to the pegs. Then cover the hole with earth. This type of pine does not need any special care. After planting, feeding the seedling will not be superfluous. Nitroammofoska or humus is used as fertilizer. You will need about 30-40 g of fertilizer per square meter.
In the spring, after waking up, it needs abundant watering and frequent spraying. For good growth of an ornamental plant, optimal humidity should be maintained. A young tree should be constantly sprayed.
An adult plant does not need watering. Fallen needles create a thick litter that retains moisture well. It is periodically necessary to loosen this layer. To slow down the growth of the tree, you should break out the annual growths. This will form a dense and lush crown. Young plants should be protected from frost for the winter. For this, the tree is covered with various materials.
Video review of conifers, incl. European cedar pine:
Application of cedar pine
European cedar pine is famous for its valuable wood, from which various crafts, furniture, etc. are made. Items made from European cedar are not subject to decay and are very durable. Dishes are made of wood. It is believed that milk does not sour for a long time in it and has a pleasant taste.
Needles are actively used in medicine. For medicinal purposes, all components of the cedar can be used: needles, cones, bark, resin, nut shells. Hulls of nuts are very much appreciated. It helps with mastopathy, osteochondrosis, arthritis and radiculitis. Dried needles can be used for medicinal baths.
Cedar nut oil is sold at any pharmacy. It is used for varicose veins. The oil is rubbed in with light circular motions in the morning and evening. A decoction based on pine needles helps to get rid of scurvy and has a diaphoretic effect. To prepare the broth, chop the needles.
Next, pour the raw materials into the glass to the top and pour in a liter of water. Put the container on low heat and boil for 20 minutes. Then leave to infuse for half an hour. After the time has elapsed, strain and take half a glass. Sugar or citric acid can be added to add flavor if necessary. For the treatment of lung and kidney diseases, you should take 10 g of cedar buds, grind and leave for 3 hours.
Take a tablespoon daily at intervals of 2-3 hours. Infusion based on the shell of nuts is used for deafness, liver and kidney diseases, as well as nervous pathologies. The remedy helps to get rid of stomach diseases and hemorrhoids. In addition, this breed has bactericidal properties. For cuts, wounds, and burns, it is helpful to lubricate the affected areas with resin.