In flower shops, you can find already fruiting lemon trees. Their fears are based on the fact that lemons do not tolerate changing conditions well, and, of course, many are stopped by the rather serious price of plants.
In such cases, you can find a less costly way - this is to plant a lemon seed. We will try to find out where to get quality lemon seeds and how to grow a lemon tree from a seed on our own.
- How to get lemon seeds for planting
- Planting lemon seeds in the ground, caring for seedlings
- How to care for lemon
How to get lemon seeds for planting
You can get seed material for self-growing lemon in at least three ways:
- get a lemon from a store bought
- get seeds from a fruit grown in a room
- purchase lemon seeds in the store
Shop or homemade lemon seeds
The easiest and most affordable way for everyone to get sufficiently viable seeds is to buy fresh fruit in the store. In this case, do not limit yourself to one or two bones. You may need to take out 12-15 pieces to guarantee a few lemon seedlings.
The freshness of the fruit itself plays an important role here, the less time has passed since the removal of the lemons from the tree, the better the planting material will be. Although it is difficult to hope that the store is receiving lemons that were hanging on a tree two or three days ago. Of all the fruits, you need to choose elastic fruits, without signs of wilting, rot, with a uniform color.
As soon as the store lemon is at home, you need to get the seeds out of it in the following way:
- cut the fruit gently
- take out all the bones
- rinse them from the remnants of the pulp
- dry on a sheet of paper for an hour
- choose whole, full-bodied, rounded, without bone deformation
- start boarding immediately
Better seeds can be obtained from fresh, home-grown varietal lemon. To do this, you need to use a ripe fruit. As soon as it is removed from the tree, you need to remove the seeds from it for planting. Prepare them in the same way as described above.
Buying lemon seeds at the store
Some seed shops, including those on the Internet, offer consumers to buy seeds of indoor decorative lemons. As a rule, they are packed in vacuum packages, which prevents them from drying out. Before planting, purchased lemon seeds must be soaked in water for 24 hours.
The initial water temperature should be + 40 degrees. Keep dishes with seeds in a very warm place, where the air temperature is + 28 degrees. After that, the bones must be immediately planted in specially prepared soil.
Planting lemon seeds in the ground, caring for seedlings
For seed germination, you will need a loose soil that is well permeable to water and air. Important! Heavy soil with a high proportion of clay is unsuitable for lemon seedlings. A mixture of one part of coarse sand, one part of sod land, one part of rotted humus is quite suitable for planting a lemon. You can also buy an all-purpose primer and mix two parts with one part sand.
Planting lemon seed pot and planting lemon
A round plastic pot is suitable for germinating seeds. Its volume should be about 0.5 liters, and the diameter is 6-8 cm. This volume is quite enough for growing a seedling to a size that allows them to be transplanted into a permanent pot.
Fill the containers with soil in advance. If they do not provide drainage holes, then be sure to make them. Moisten the soil with settled water. You can plant lemon seeds at any time of the year, but spring will still be the best season. Close up the bone to a depth of 1.5 - 2 cm. 1-2 seeds are enough for one pot.
Cover the container with a transparent bag or with a plastic bottle without a bottom. Place the pots in a very warm room. If the temperature is + 25 + 28, then shoots will appear in about two weeks. If the temperature is + 20 + 22, then the seeds can germinate only after a month. If the temperature is below + 18, then you can not wait for green seedlings at all.
Video on how to grow lemon at home:
If before the emergence of the sprout, the illumination is not of fundamental importance, then after the emergence of seedlings, the container must be moved to a place well-lit by the sun. At the stage of cotyledonous leaves, the film is not removed from the pot. You need to remove it when 1-2 real leaves appear on the plant.
In the first two to three weeks, care is reduced to timely watering. If seedlings appeared in spring or summer, then the plant will not need additional light. At the 4-5 leaf stage, the plant is transplanted into a permanent pot. This is done very carefully, preserving the integrity of the roots as much as possible.
To speed up rooting in a new pot, cover the transplanted plant with a transparent bottle or bag for 7-10 days. In order for a lemon tree grown from seeds to be healthy, look decorative and possibly bear fruit, it needs special care.
How to care for lemon
For the first three months, the plant needs timely watering. It should be carried out as the soil dries in the pot. Complete drying out of the soil must not be allowed. Fertilizing the plant at this age is not needed. In the future, the lemon needs to be fed two to three times per season. The first feeding should be done in the spring, the second at the beginning of summer.
The third time the plant is fed in the second half of summer. For dressing, you can use ready-made mineral and organic mixtures.
In the first three years, the tree grows quite quickly and requires transplanting into a larger pot. When the size of the plant makes replanting problematic, you can remove some of the soil annually and replace it with new soil. Despite the fact that growing a lemon from a stone is an interesting activity, and its foliage has a beneficial effect on the indoor air, many are still worried about flowering and obtaining fruits.
Indeed, seed-grown lemon trees bloom no earlier than 12 to 15 years later. To stimulate the appearance of flowers and fruits, the lemon tree must be grafted. The seed-grown lemon will be the stock, and the scion will be a stalk or bud cut from a young indoor lemon. Despite the fact that grafting requires special skills, such a plant turns out to be more adaptable than a ready-made tree bought in a store.