Pepper is one of the most common vegetable crops. Thick varieties with large fruits are considered the most popular among vegetable growers. One of these is the "Fat Baron" pepper, bred by the Transnistrian Research Institute of Agriculture.
- General description of the variety
- Growing seedlings
- Planting and care in the open field
- Pepper pests and diseases
General description of the variety
"Fat Baron" is a mid-early sweet pepper with red fruits. From the moment of germination to ripening of fruits, on average, 120-130 days pass. Plants of this variety are tall, vigorous and well leafy. The fruits are cone-shaped. At the onset of biological ripeness, they become bright red, and in the technical phase they are light green in color.
The average fruit weight is about 150 g, and the wall thickness exceeds 6 mm. The taste is high. This variety of pepper can be successfully grown in open field conditions, as well as in film greenhouses, where it sets fruits well. The average yield is about 5 kg per 1 sq. m. Among the disadvantages of this variety can be noted its low resistance to such a disease as verticillium. This variety is intended both for fresh consumption and for canning.
Sowing pepper for seedlings begins in mid-February. For this, seed containers are prepared with loose and nutritious soil. The seeding depth should not exceed 1.5-2 cm. Sweet peppers do not tolerate picking quite well, therefore, if possible, sowing is best done immediately in separate cups. Seeds can be sown both dry and pre-soaked in water with growth stimulants.
It is desirable to maintain the temperature during germination in the region of 27-30 ° C. After the shoots appear, it is reduced to 22-25 ° C. When sowing in February, it is advisable to supplement the seedlings. For this, you can use fluorescent lamps or special phyto. Before planting, the seedlings must be pre-hardened. For this, containers with plants are taken out onto the terrace or balcony.
Planting and care in the open field
In most regions, it is recommended to start planting seedlings in open ground at the end of May. For planting peppers, they choose sunny areas with loose and fertile soils. The best predecessors for this culture are cucumbers or cabbage. Peppers should not be planted after other crops from the nightshade family.
In the first week after planting, the beds with pepper must be shaded. This will help the plants to settle down better in their new location. Further care for this crop consists in watering, loosening, weeding and feeding.
Pepper is a very hygrophilous culture, so its planting needs to be watered often and abundantly. He especially needs moisture at the time of fruit development. After watering, the land around the bushes must be loosened. This must be done very carefully, the pepper has a superficial root system and it is very easy to damage it.
Peppers need to be fed according to the following scheme:
- The first feeding is carried out 2 weeks after planting the seedlings. For this, urea or ammonium nitrate is used. They need to be bred according to the attached instructions.
- The second feeding is carried out in the budding phase. To do this, use an infusion of mullein
- The third during flowering. During this period, you can use both mullein and complex mineral fertilizer.
Video on how to care for the "Fat Baron" pepper
When growing sweet peppers, do not forget about the formation of bushes. For this, it is recommended to remove all stepchildren and the lower layer of leaves. Advice! Experienced growers also recommend pinching the pepper on the third pair of leaves. In the future, this technique allows you to get well-developed plants with a large number of ovaries. It is necessary to start harvesting at the stage of technical ripeness. This will enable the rest of the fruits to develop.
Pepper pests and diseases
Peppers, like most garden crops, are very often attacked by pests. The most common pests of this crop are the following:
- Spider mite
- Gray rot
Aphid. It is capable of causing serious damage to pepper plantings, especially to young and immature plants. Her colonies feed on sap. To combat it, you can use tobacco dust, which is carefully sprayed from a gauze bag onto the plants. You can also use insecticides to kill this pest. For example, "Iskra", "Commander", "Tanrek" and similar drugs.
Spider mite. Quite a dangerous and resistant pest. It parasitizes on the lower part of the leaves, like aphids, it feeds on the sap of the plant. You will have to process pepper from it several times. For this, you can use the following drugs "Fitoverm", "Actellik", "Aktara".
Whitefly. Another fairly persistent and dangerous pest. With a strong infection, the whitefly can completely destroy the planting of pepper. To combat it, systemic insecticides are used.
Gray rot. Disease of a fungal nature. It is most widespread in cool and rainy years. For the fight, preventive spraying with insecticides is used. Already infected plants are removed and destroyed.
Late blight. It is the most common disease of all nightshade crops, including sweet pepper. It appears as dark spots on the fruits and leaves of plants. For the fight, preventive treatments with copper-containing fungicides are used. Infected plants must be removed in a timely manner.
Bronze or spotted wilting. It is characterized by spots of a dirty bronze color on the leaves. After which the plant begins to dry out gradually. Fungicides are used to combat. To get a rich harvest of pepper, you need not only to properly care for it, but also be sure to carry out preventive treatments for major diseases.