There are plants, the name of which immediately informs about its main characteristic. It immediately becomes clear that the plant was used to drive out bedbugs.
If the florist does not like this completely unromantic name, he can use another name, which in translation from German sounds like silver candles. Let's try to figure out what kind of cimicifuga it is, and what it is for in the garden.
- Cimicifuga racemose, botanical description of the plant
- How to grow cimicifuga racemose in the garden
- The use of the plant cimicifuga racemose in medicine
Cimicifuga racemose, botanical description of the plant
The cimicifuga plant is a species of perennial herb from the Voronets genus of the Buttercup family. The native land of wild cimicifugi is the deciduous forests of North America. In the eastern part of the continent, the plant is common in the states:
Wild cimicifugi prefer to grow on the slopes of ravines, along streams, forest edges, among other tall grasses and bushes. It is important for her that the soil is moist, rich in humus. In the 18th century, the plant began to be widely cultivated on the Eurasian continent. It is noteworthy, but the plant was described and classified by several botanists - taxonomists at once.
Only in the twentieth century the question of its belonging to the Voronets family was resolved, the name of the Voronets was returned to it. This is what Karl Linnaeus called the plant in the middle of the 18th century. Other types of Voronets are found in nature in Europe and Asia. The plant has rather high stems. It can reach a height of 1.5 - 2 meters. The stem is straight, smooth. On the cut - rectangular.
Leaves are smooth, twice or thrice dissected, green in color with a shiny surface. The length of the leaf plates can be up to 12 cm. The number of leaves on one stem can sometimes reach 70 pieces. The flowers are white, collected in a raceme inflorescence, the height of which can be from 0.2 m to 1.0 meter. The ends of the inflorescences droop downward. The four petals of the bracts fall off very quickly.
After that, the yellowish stamens are exposed and the flowers, with their sweet, but not very pleasant smell, attract flies and other insects that like the sweetish - cloying smell of decaying flesh. The flower petals are small, only 3 mm.
In place of the flowers, leaflet fruits are formed, each of which contains about two dozen seeds. The powerful rhizomes and roots of the plant deserve special attention. For the winding branching of the roots, the plant received another popular name for the snake root or black snake root. In the garden, black cohosh has two purposes, one of which is medicinal, and the second is decorative.
How to grow cimicifuga racemose in the garden
For decorative purposes, black cohosh is planted when landscaping sufficiently dark and humid corners of the site. The plant looks good next to a fern, low conifers, astilbe. Can also be planted in large homogeneous groups.
The best place for planting cimicifugi racemose would be a slightly shady place with moist fertile soil, protected from strong winds and drafts. Despite the plant's love for water, it is important to ensure that there was no stagnation of rain and melt water on the site in spring and autumn. In such conditions, the roots of the plant can rot and completely die. Before planting, the site is dug deeply and organic and mineral fertilizers are applied.
Reproduction and planting
The plant reproduces vegetatively and by seeds. In amateur floriculture, it is best to propagate black cohosh by dividing the bush. For reproduction by dividing the bush in spring or autumn, an adult plant is dug out of the ground, over five years old. With a sharp knife, the rhizome is divided into three to four parts. For delenki, holes are prepared at a distance of about half a meter. A part of the root is placed in each hole and covered with soil. The planting site is watered with water. Black cohosh roots can also be purchased at specialty stores.
If the purchase was made before the onset of summer, then they can be planted in pots, and when warm weather comes, transplanted into open ground. When sowing with seeds, you can use two methods. In the first case, sowing is carried out in the fall with freshly harvested seeds.
However, under unfavorable conditions, black cohosh seeds can rot during the autumn-winter period. Therefore, part of the seeds is first stored in a dry place, and then a complex stratification is carried out. For which the seeds are sown and kept in pots with them in warm and cold.
Stratification starts in January. For three months the seeds are kept at + 20, and then another three months at + 5 degrees. If the experiment is crowned with successful seed germination, then such plants will bloom only after three to four years. In general, this plant is a long-liver. In one place it can grow up to two decades.
Caring for an adult plant is not particularly difficult. In the summer, black cohosh needs additional abundant watering in the absence of precipitation. If it was planted in a sufficiently dry place, then watering should be more frequent and abundant. Especially tall specimens need a garter. In autumn, the ground parts are cut off at the very ground, and the landing site is mulched and covered with spruce branches.
Since ancient times, the American Indians have known about the medicinal properties of the cimicifuga racemose.
The use of the plant cimicifuga racemose in medicine
In folk and official medicine, the roots and rhizomes of the plant are used. They contain the following beneficial substances:
- organic acids
The presence of estrogen-like compounds in the roots and rhizomes of the plant allows them to be used primarily in gynecology. Decoctions from roots and rhizomes soften menstrual pains, help with various gynecological problems, even such serious ones as infertility, endometritis.
It is recommended to use black cohosh after childbirth to soothe postpartum pain and to stimulate the appearance of breast milk. The pharmaceutical industry includes rhizomes in preparations that facilitate the course of menopause. They drink decoctions to relieve swelling and as a sedative.
Procurement of raw materials is carried out in autumn. The roots and rhizomes are dug up, after that:
- cleared of excess earth
- wash under the tap
- dried at a temperature of + 60
- folded in paper bags
- stored for two years in a dry place
Like any medicine, decoctions from the roots and rhizomes of cimicifuga racemose have contraindications for use. They should not be used by people with a diseased liver during an exacerbation of the disease, as well as those suffering from neoplasms, which can accelerate their growth when using hormone-like substances.
Video about the plant cimicifuga racemose: