Exotic fruits in supermarket baskets have long been a surprise. Guests are surprised when they see exotic fruit plants, for example, mango, grown from seed at home on the windowsills of the owners' house. It turns out that there are few rules, tips and tricks, and there will be tropics on your own windowsills.
- How to choose a mango in a store?
- How to prepare the planting material - mango bone
- Planting and leaving
- Flowering and fruiting
How to choose a mango in a store?
The tropical mango fruit grows in the countries of Southeast Asia and differs in taste: there are fruits with sourness, there are with a light coniferous note. But the exotic fruit selection is the same for everyone. It should be ripe mango, namely:
- Mango fruits of all varieties must be equally soft over the entire surface.
- Choose a fruit that is bright in color
- The rind of the fruit should be smooth: wrinkles indicate staleness. Any stains and traces of mold are not allowed
- It is desirable that the mango has a pink, burgundy or red blush.
- If the fruit is chosen for further planting of the seed, then you should pay attention to the large fruits, since the mango seed is not small.
- The aroma of the fruit should be floral, not necessarily strong - many varieties are practically odorless.
If the fruit is bought in late spring or summer, then the chances of sprouting near the stone are very high, since this is the natural ripening time of the fruits and they were practically not treated with preservatives. You may not be able to choose a ripe fruit when buying, but you can choose a solid whole mango with the rest of the properties as close to the advice as possible. The fruit should be placed in a warm, dry place and wait until it ripens.
How to prepare the planting material - mango bone
Mago can be peeled in a variety of ways, one of which is like a potato, cutting off the skin over the entire surface. Then the mango must be carefully cut into two parts along the fruit, so as not to damage the bone. Further actions depend on the skills of the person who wants to grow a tree: plant it with a whole bone or get a seed from the shell.
For the cautious lovers of tropical plants. The extracted planting material must be placed in a glass jar with water for two weeks, but the water must be changed every day. For the last three days, the bone can be placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
For lovers of jewelry work. The extracted bone must be cleaned of the pulp and very carefully opened, freeing it from the shell and without damaging the seed. The procedure must be carried out immediately before planting.
Preparing the soil and pot
It is recommended to choose a tall pot for planting mangoes, with thick walls, a solid bottom and large drainage holes. Drainage must be poured into the bottom with a thick layer, and soil must be poured on top. A versatile plant is suitable for this plant, but you can also add a little clean peat, washed perlite for looseness - the mango tree loves drained soil. The surface should be watered with warm water with any rooting stimulant.
Planting and leaving
Mango seeds, prepared in any way, are best simply placed on the surface and sprinkled with soil. It is recommended to organize a greenhouse above the pot. It can be a transparent plastic bag, you can cut a plastic bottle, or just cover the pot with glass. We must not forget about airing any mini-greenhouse every two days, otherwise the bone will rot. For better germination, it is better to place the pot in a bright, warm place.
In a month and a half, shoots should appear - even 2-3 shoots can grow from one bone. Mango does not like the drying out of an earthen coma, but excess moisture can also destroy the plant. In addition to watering, in the warm season, it is necessary to spray the leaves with warm water once a day.
The first month after germination, young plants are not fed with anything, but then, to obtain a beautiful glossy foliage, they must feed root and leaf.
The tree itself shows its needs - drooping pale and wrinkled leaves say that it's time to water and feed the mango abundantly. In the cold season, the plant is fed once a month, and the rest of the time, when the tree is actively growing, feeding is carried out 3 times a month with organic fertilizer. If the tree grows at home, then it is very useful to wipe the leaves with beer - this will be both top dressing and a kind of polish.
The mango tree loves space and light, so at least once a year in the spring, the plant is transplanted into a larger pot with a complete replacement of the soil. In this case, you must be very careful with the roots, since damage to the roots leads to the shedding of foliage. And it will take a long time for a new one to grow.
Mango from the stone grows up quickly, and in addition to transplanting in the spring, it requires the formation of a crown, otherwise a very tall tree will rest against the ceiling. To get a thick, beautiful plant, it is enough to pinch the branches and the top, if necessary, cut the branches.
Flowering and fruiting
Experience shows that mango from a stone does not bear fruit at home. The tree can bloom for 5-10 years. It is very interesting to look at the flowering - paniculate inflorescences consist of hundreds of flowers, usually male. It is difficult to pollinate them in natural conditions, but in an apartment it is simply impossible.
Therefore, a plant at home can bear fruit in exceptional cases. Professionals say that on a young mango tree to make a scion of a mango that is already fruiting in a given area, then the chances of getting fruits increase dramatically.
You can graft a bud with a small amount of wood, you can graft a branch on a two-year-old tree - the main thing is to find a fruiting adult tree. If you are lucky, and the tree still bloomed and even bears fruit, then at this time watering is reduced, and after it, abundant watering and feeding are resumed again.
Mango is susceptible to the same diseases as most indoor and garden plants: spider mites, thrips, anthracosis, powdery mildew. You can fight diseases using the same means as usual.
Video on how to grow mango at home: