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Apricot pruning in spring: is this procedure necessary, timing


One of the most important steps in apricot care is pruning. It is important to be able to correctly form the crown of the tree, but for this you need to know the peculiarities of the development and growth of the apricot.

Content:

  • Cropping: why do this procedure
  • Timing of pruning apricot
  • Materials and tools for the event
  • Features and types of trimming
  • How is pruning done

Cropping: why do this procedure

The apricot tree does not shed the ovary, therefore it is overloaded with a large number of fruits. Under the weight of apricots, the branches of the tree break, new shoots do not grow, and this reduces the yield. For normal development and growth, as well as getting a good harvest, you need to be able to properly prune the tree. Annual apricot pruning contributes to:

  • Formation of new and strong shoots
  • Brightening the crown
  • Increased fruiting
  • Healthier fruit tree
  • Increased vitality

Also, this event helps to avoid overloading the trees with crops and to prevent exposing the branches. The formation of apricot fruits over time can only occur on the upper part of the crown, in connection with which the yield level decreases. Anti-aging pruning is recommended to eliminate this problem.

If you do not prune for 2-3 years, then the crown of the tree will grow and as a result, fruiting will be lower. Spring pruning is carried out to remove old and frozen branches, as well as to form new shoots.

Timing of pruning apricot

The best time to prune an apricot is in spring or summer. During this time, the tree will have time to prepare for wintering. Autumn pruning is performed only for medium and early varieties. In the spring, with the onset of warm weather, before the start of sap flow, the tree is pruned.

Otherwise, great harm can be done. If you missed this period, then it is better to prune after sap flow. This event can be held in March-April. After 2 years from the moment of disembarkation, the one-year growth is shortened. Young trees are not greatly shortened, since it is not yet very strong and can be under heavy stress. On mature trees, branches are regularly pruned to prevent thickening.

Materials and tools for the event

Before starting the apricot pruning activities, you need to prepare the tools. For work you will need:

  • Secateurs
  • Hacksaw
  • Garden knife
  • Ladder
  • Garden var

This list also includes a device for heating a garden varnish, but if it is not there, then you can do without it. To work, you need to sharpen the tools well. When sharpening garden knives, the chamfer must be removed. It is located on one side.

When working with a blunt instrument, burrs and scrapings may appear, through which the infection can get into the tree and provoke decay. You don't need to climb the tree while pruning. You can break branches, damage the bark. Better to use a stepladder.

Features and types of trimming

When pruning and choosing the type of procedure, it is necessary to take into account the age and condition of the apricot tree. There are several types of trimming:

  1. Formative. It is carried out for the correct formation of the crown in the first year of life. The main goal of this event is to create the base and skeleton of a young tree.
  2. Anti-aging. This type of pruning is done in order to restore the growth and balance of the fruiting tree. Held for mature trees.
  3. Regulatory. The procedure is performed on mature fruit trees and helps to regulate fruiting and growth with low growth.
  4. Sanitary. Perform as needed to remove diseased, decayed, dry and damaged branches. It is usually carried out in the fall to prepare the tree for wintering.

The apricot tree requires different types of pruning.

How is pruning done

During pruning, the size of annual growths is maintained up to 50 cm. The crown of an apricot can be formed in several ways. Depending on the variety, the crown can be discharged-tiered or vase-shaped. In the first case, this type is used for vigorous varieties, and in the second - for low-growing ones.

The sparse-tiered form is formed using 5 skeletal branches, the distance between which is 35-40 cm. To give a vase-like shape, the branches are evenly cut around the trunk. When forming a cupped crown, 5-7 skeletal branches should be present, which are cut off by 40-50 cm, already in the second year of life.

Video about spring pruning of apricot:

The procedure is performed within 3 years. No more than 1/3 of the mass of the total number of skeletal branches is removed. You should know that pruning of a young apricot is carried out on a healthy plant, the summer growth of which is over 40 cm. A young unbranched tree is shortened in length by 30-40 cm, and a branched tree is formed into a crown. 2 skeletal branches are selected on the tree and cut to 1/2 or 1/3.

The central branch should be 20-25 cm higher than the skeletal ones, and they, in turn, should be located at the same level. The remaining branches are shortened and left about 15 cm.If some branches depart at an acute angle, then pinching is performed over 2-5 leaves. This procedure will allow not to carry out heavy pruning of the tree next year. Next year, 1-3 branches are left at a distance of 35-45 cm.

The shortening is carried out according to the principle of subordination. Weakly branching branches are cut by 2/3, and strongly branching ones - by half. In the first year, buds and branches located at ground level lower than 50 cm must also be removed.

In the second year, several main branches are laid. They should be located on both sides of the trunk. The conductor is cut 45-50 cm from the top branch. In the third year of life, the main last branches are laid. Pruning is carried out in the same way as in previous years. In an adult tree, skeletal bare branches are cut if no fruit grows on them.

The cut points are cleaned with a knife and treated with garden pitch. The branch is cut at the site of the lateral branch. After a while, the wound will heal and in the same year new shoots will begin to germinate. It is important to remember that heavy pruning can negatively affect the development of the plant and the tree will dry out as a result.

With the right approach to the formation of the crown, you can not only facilitate care in the future, but also get a good harvest.


Watch the video: How to Prune Young Fruit Trees (January 2022).