I Lillà in the garden
The Latin name и sirynga vulgaris, and it is a rustic and vigorous shrub, native to Asia, widespread for millennia in most of Europe. These species were once widely used in the garden, thanks to their fragrant flowering, their rusticity, and the ease of cultivation; for a long time to lillа more exotic and particular plants were preferred, but lately the syringa vulgaris he is returning to the gardens, thanks also to the breeders, who have skillfully produced varieties with flowers of various colors.
The syringa vulgaris It is a deciduous shrub, the large heart-shaped leaves, light green in color, thin and delicate, grow again every spring, around March-April.
With the arrival of the first spring warms, it begins to develop long inflorescences, consisting of large panicles of small tubular flowers, which at the upper end open like a star. The flowers bloom throughout the spring, starting in April in the hottest areas, in May in the coldest areas. These are fragrant flowers, which bloom in succession along the cob that carries them. The flowers are traditionally of a lilac color, but there are hybrids and cultivars with white, cream, dark violet flowers, and also varieties with flowers of a contrasting color.
Grow the lilac
This shrub is vigorous and rustic, it does not fear the cold, it loves the sunny positions enough, it bears some short drought, also because the flowering takes place at a time of year that is generally very rainy.
To have a syringa healthy and luxuriant vulgaris, with many flowers, it is certainly necessary to give it some care, especially if it is a young plant that has recently settled.
It is grown in a deep, slightly damp, preferably calcareous soil; it fears stony and dry soils, so before placing the plant we enrich the common garden soil with fresh and rich soil and a little mature manure.
These plants love very bright positions, they don't like the scorching sun all day long, but neither does the dark shadow: we position our syringa vulgaris in a place in partial shade, where it can enjoy at least a few hours a day of direct sun, but where it can also find the coolness of the shade during the hottest hours of the day.
Watering is certainly necessary as regards the specimens recently planted, and for those in pots; we water only when the plant is in vegetation, from April to September-October; supplying water only when the soil is well dry. a few days of drought is well tolerated by the syringa vulgaris, which manifests its need for water by showing the slightly wilted foliage: a watering rapidly brings the plant back to its turgidity.
At the end of winter we spread around the plant a slow release granular fertilizer; or of the humus or of the manure, they will supply fertilizer for the whole beautiful season, slowly dissolving in the ground.
The lilacs bloom on the branches of the previous year, this means that at the end of winter they have already prepared the buds that will produce the large panicles of flowers in the months to come; for this reason a pruning at the end of winter of the syringa vulgaris deprives us almost completely of the flowers. the pruning of this shrub is practiced after flowering, removing the withered panicles, and slightly shortening each branch. This operation favors the development of new shoots, which will bring the next spring flowers; moreover in this way we guarantee the plant a more dense and dense development, with branches also in the lower part of the stem.
In any case we avoid excessive pruning, we simply shorten each branch slightly. Around the stem the lilacs tend to produce numerous pollens, which over the months become as large as the shrub that produced them; if we have positioned the syringa vulgaris in a narrow place, we remove the suckers as soon as they are produced. If instead we have space available, let the suckers grow, over the years our lilac shrub will widen to form a small hedge, or a large spot.
Lilac - Syringa vulgaris: I lilacs in pots
Certainly the lilac is a rustic shrub and with few needs, especially if it has been a home for some time; we can easily cultivate this plant in a pot, but remember that the needs of potted plants are slightly greater than those of the same plants planted in the ground: first of all we guarantee the right space for the root system, positioning the plant in a nice large vase. There are also dwarf varieties on the market; that do not have a great development: if we want a lilac in a vase not too large, we prefer these varieties, which will more easily find the necessary space.
Recall that in summer the earth contained in a vase dries completely, and with great rapidity; if the plant in the garden can withstand short periods of drought; the potted one should instead be watered more often, always trying to keep the soil cool and slightly damp.
Any suckers should be removed immediately, or over time our shrub will not find enough space in the pot.