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Dammer's cotoneaster, description of the plant, its use in folk medicine


There are plants that are so unpretentious that they say about them: planted and forgotten. Many gardeners seek to breed them on the site. The glance at them lingers even in the middle of winter.

Dammer's cotoneaster is made from such plants. Let's try to figure out why it is attractive and how it can be used in garden plantings.

Content:

  • Dammer's cotoneaster, description, use in the garden, varieties
  • Choosing a place and planting a dammer cotoneaster on the site
  • The use of cotoneaster in traditional medicine

Dammer's cotoneaster, description, use in the garden, varieties

Plants from the genus Cotoneaster, the Pink family grow almost throughout the Eurasian continent, and are also found in Africa. The genus is represented by almost three hundred species of shrubs or medium-sized trees. Almost 80 types of cotoneaster and its varieties are used in landscaping and landscape design. One of these types is the Dammer's cotoneaster.

The plant in the wild is most commonly found in the highlands of central China. The shoots of the wild-growing dammer cotoneaster rise above the ground no higher than 30 cm. Although there are varieties up to one meter high. They stretch horizontally above the surface of the earth, branching also in the horizontal plane. One bush of the dammer cotoneaster can grow in different directions up to one and a half meters.

The leaf plates are small, elongated, oval. Their length is no more than 2 cm. The leaves are leathery, with their dark green color and the ability to stay on the branches for a long time, they make the plant look like evergreen forms. The flowers of Dammer's cotoneaster are small, white, rarely light red. They appear from the third decade of June and bloom until mid-July.

Enters fruiting when grown from seeds in the seventh year of life. In September, next to the dark shiny foliage, fruits of red, orange, coral appear. Their size is 0.5 - 0.6 cm. They sit quite closely on the cotoneaster shoots. When in late autumn the fruits still hold on to the branches, and the leaves turn crimson-red, the bush becomes even more decorative and colorful. In essence, the fruits of a cotoneaster are false drupes, with two to five bones inside.

Dammer's cotoneaster is one of the most unpretentious and frost-resistant species. The plant is indispensable for creating alpine slides, for landscaping vertical slopes and retaining walls. Tall varieties can be used as plants - a screen that disguises not very pretty places and buildings.

It can be used as a curb and ground cover plant, as well as hedges. Among the varieties of Dammer's cotoneaster there are no large plants, most often these are undersized varieties, with a shoot height of less than a meter and medium-sized plants, the height of which does not exceed 2 m.The most popular varieties include:

  1. Juergl - shoot height up to 0.6 m, dark green leaves, red berries
  2. Major - a sprawling shrub with a shoot height of 15 - 20 cm, in summer the leaves are green, in the fall they turn bright orange
  3. Cardinal - height up to half a meter, berries are light red, leaves are dark green

All varieties are quite unpretentious, but still we will try to figure out where the cotoneaster will feel best.

Choosing a place and planting a dammer cotoneaster on the site

Prefers places with bright sunlight. In such places, all decorative qualities are most manifested. It develops quite well in light shade conditions. Dammer's cotoneaster grows on any soil, but it is still best to plant it where there are light earths with a slightly alkaline reaction. If the soils are heavy and acidic, then adding sand and lime will help grow the Dammer cotoneaster.

Easily tolerates prolonged drought, does not tolerate very humid places with stagnant water. Given the not very good germination of seeds, in amateur gardening it is best to use seedlings obtained either from rooted cuttings, or when separating rooted cuttings.

The distance between the seedlings should be up to 1.2 - 1.5 m. Before planting, a tablespoon of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers is applied to the planting pit. The seedling is placed in a hole, the roots are straightened, and covered with soil. Sprinkle with water immediately after planting. Cover the surface. Plants bloom in the second - third year after planting the seedling.

When sowing with seeds, you need to remember about a long dormant period and the need for stratification. Sowing is carried out in the fall only the next year after collecting the seeds. No more than 40% of seeds germinate. Such plants bloom only in the seventh year.

Video review of Dammer's cotoneaster:

Basic care is not difficult. Weed vegetation must be removed before the seedling takes root. Although most varieties grow slowly, mature plants still need formative pruning. It can grow in one place for at least 20 years. Then the plant can be transplanted while dividing the mother bush. You can use the cotoneaster not only for beauty, but also as a medicinal plant.

The use of cotoneaster in traditional medicine

The plant is considered a medicinal plant due to the fact that its leaves and fruits contain:

  • vitamin C
  • flavonoids
  • glycosides
  • coumarins
  • natural resins

A small amount of hydrocyanic acid is present in the seeds of the plant. The cotoneaster is used for:

  • diseases of the digestive tract
  • edema
  • neurasthenia
  • epilepsy
  • scabies
  • eczema
  • unclear diarrhea

Most often, an aqueous infusion is prepared from the leaves and shoots of the cotoneaster. To do this, take a tablespoon of dried and crushed raw materials. Pour everything with a glass of boiling water. They let it brew for two hours. Then take a quarter glass 2-3 times a day. This infusion helps to cure stomach ulcers, gastritis, gastroenteritis. With nervous excitability, you can brew tea from the leaves and fruits and drink it.

Cotoneaster fruits can be used to make dietary sweets at home. Despite its many advantages, the cotoneaster has one drawback. It can be a plant - a host for pathogens of fire blight of tree fruits.


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