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Echinacea: planting, care, choice of location and the best varieties


For several centuries, people have cultivated a variety of flowers from the Astrovye family. Echinacea purpurea is widespread in horticulture, as well as varieties and hybrids obtained with its participation. Thanks to many years of breeding work in recent decades, plants with flower color have been obtained:

  • white
  • orange
  • yellow
  • red
  • purple

We will try to figure out where the echinacea will take root, in planting and caring for and after it, how to choose a place for it and in the best varieties of plants for the garden.

Content:

  • How to choose a place for echinacea, the best varieties for the garden
  • Planting echinacea in the garden
  • Echinacea care

How to choose a place for echinacea, the best varieties for the garden

The plant was first discovered in the eastern part of the modern United States. In the 18th century, the taxonomist K. Linney attributed the plant to the genus Rudbeckia. After several decades, several differences between echinacea and rudbeckia were noticed and the plant was isolated in a separate genus.

It turns out that the bracts in rudbeckia are soft, and in echinacea they are not only harder, but also prickly. It is for this that the flower got its name from the Greek word prickly. When choosing a place for echinacea, you need to remember that most often it is cultivated as a perennial herb and will grow in the garden in one place for several years.

Lighting and soil

Echinacea's need for sunlight is quite high. If possible, it should be planted in a sunny place. In extreme cases, the flower can grow either in partial shade, or with a sufficiently long period of continuous illumination during daylight hours.

There are no special requirements for the mechanical composition of the soil for planting echinacea. The plant grows well on the most wasteful lands. In their homeland, they chose railway embankments and settled them by self-seeding. Echinacea can grow in any area with moisture-permeable soil.

It is desirable that it was earth with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. To create more favorable conditions, you will need fertile soil with good moisture.

In a dry summer, additional watering is needed every 5 - 6 days, without this, the flowers may lose their decorative appearance and reduce the number of buds. Winter hardiness is an important characteristic. Almost all cultivated varieties hibernate without shelter. In severe winters, you can cover it with spruce branches.

Variety selection

When choosing a variety of echinacea, you should consider its purpose in the garden. This plant can be curb, used in mixed plantings, grow in separate groups. Echinacea is also grown for cutting and for use in winter dry compositions. Echinacea has two types of flowers, they are collected in the inflorescences of the basket.

Echinacea cultivation video:

Reed flowers are located along the edge, they are elongated, up to 4 - 8 cm. Tubular flowers are collected in the center, they are most often red or brown. Now varieties with double flowers have been obtained. In addition, echinacea is classified as a medicinal plant and is widely used in folk medicine.

The best varieties and hybrid forms are:

  • Piccolino - dwarf variety, no more than 0.3 m high, double flowers
  • Little Magnus - low grade, 35 - 46 cm, purple flowers with a bright orange - bronze center
  • Irresistible - medium-sized variety, up to 80 cm, double flowers, red-orange
  • Southern Belle is a tall variety, more than 1.0 m in height, one of the first to bloom and blooms continuously up to 12 weeks, flowers are medium-sized, pink, double
  • Mikshake - a bush up to 0.9 m high, opens up to one hundred flowers at a time, flowers are white, double, in the form of pompons

We will try to figure out how and when it is better to plant echinacea.

Planting echinacea in the garden

There are three main ways to dilute echinacea in the garden. This is done either by direct sowing of seeds directly into the ground, or by sowing for seedlings, or by dividing the bush.

Sowing echinacea for seedlings, care after planting

This method should be used when breeding rare varieties and a limited number of seeds. Sowing seedlings is carried out around mid-March. Seeds are placed in planting boxes with neutral, pre-moistened soil.

The top is covered with a thin layer of sand and it is also sprayed. The emergence of seedlings can be observed after two to three weeks. Although there are cases of seed germination in the fourth - fifth week.

Seedling care is reduced to systematic soil moistening. In mid-May, seedlings are planted in a well-dug garden bed. It is advisable to add rotted manure for digging. Immediately after planting, echinacea is well watered before rooting. In the future, care is reduced to removing weeds and loosening the soil.

Sowing seeds in open ground and reproduction

Echinacea seeds are sown on the prepared place in the second decade of May. The sowing site is regularly moistened. Seeds begin to germinate in two weeks. They are looked after in the same way as when growing seedlings.

In early spring, as soon as leaves appear on the surface, the bush is dug up and divided into 3-4 parts. Dividers are laid out in the prepared holes and covered with soil. It is important to leave the root collars above the ground.

Echinacea care

The plant does not require special care. It is important to regularly remove weeds, loosen the soil and in hot weather arrange a warm spraying on the plant. If you regularly cut off the baskets of inflorescences that are already fading from echinacea, then you can achieve abundant long flowering.

Plants are resistant to diseases, but with excess moisture they can suffer from fungal diseases. In order to avoid fungal infection, it is important to observe the humidity regime. If the plant is sick, then it can be sprayed with a solution of any fungicidal agent, after removing the affected parts.

If planting and care are organized correctly, echinacea will delight with its flowering in the garden, and when cut into bouquets, it will become a decoration for the home.


Watch the video: Echinacea purpurea - grow u0026 care Purple Coneflower (November 2021).