When it comes to obtaining planting material, many gardeners, flower growers, just lovers of certain plants are trying to grow it on their own. More recently, the first home for a plant was a yoghurt glass or a tetra bag for juice or milk adapted for a seedling pot.
It is clear that, if you wish, you can grow seedlings in such a container, the less the industry does not stand still. All over the world, the production of pots for seedlings of various sizes and shapes has been established. In addition, now more and more often you can find peat-distilled tablets in garden stores. We will try to figure out what it is and how they can facilitate the process of obtaining healthy planting material.
- What are peat tablets?
- Pros and cons of peat peat tablets
- How to use peat tablets
What are peat tablets?
These products got their name because of their tablet-like shape and filler material. To make the product round, a sufficiently long cylindrical sleeve is made of thick paper. Then it is cut into small cylinders. This is the form for filling with peat. Sometimes a special mesh made of organic materials is used instead of paper.
Such gridded tablets are available from the renowned company Jiffi. The diameter of peat pellets can be different. As a rule, the smallest products have a diameter of no more than 2.5 cm, and the largest ones are 7 cm.
The size of the tablets is selected in accordance with the size of the seeds and the growth time of the seedling in them. For the smallest seeds, such as petunias, tobacco, strawberries, the smallest tablets are suitable, for seedlings of peppers, tomatoes, eggplant - medium ones, for pine pines and other crops with large seeds, large-diameter tablets are desirable. In addition, vegetative parts of plants, for example, violet leaves, can be rooted on tablets.
Sphagnum peat, which serves as the main filler for seedling tablets, undergoes special processing. As a result, tablets with neutral and acidic reactions are produced. Also, peat is additionally enriched with minerals that are needed by young plants.
The paper casing can protect seeds and seedlings from fungal infections, as it is treated with fungicidal agents. The question arises, what happens to the paper cylinder when a plant is transplanted into the soil? It turns out that it simply dissolves in the ground, not at all interfering with the growth of the roots and the entire plant.
It is clear that the purchase of peat tablets will require material expenditures. Many growers will think that this is an extra waste, because you can get absolutely free plastic food cups. What are the advantages and disadvantages of growing seedlings in tablets, and are they worth spending money on?
Pros and cons of peat peat tablets
Before moving on to the positive and negative aspects of using pills, I would like to say a few words to the supporters of free yogurt cups for growing seedlings. It just seems like they are free. Indeed, before planting, they must be washed well so that food residues do not become a breeding ground for pathogenic microorganisms.
For a thorough wash, you will have to spend detergents, hot water, physical effort and time. Only after these, not so scanty expenses, the cups will be suitable for growing seedlings.
Pros of peat tablets:
- content of essential minerals for seed germination and seedling development
- ease of use throughout the entire process from sowing to planting in the ground
- water permeability
- good seed germination and fast growth
- plants are relieved of stress during transplanting
The disadvantages include:
- the need to take into account the plant's requirements for soil response
- material costs
- ensuring good watering when transplanting into the soil to allow the top layer to dissolve
It is important to note that if the growing conditions are followed, the seedlings in tablets will emerge and develop better than in simple pots or boxes.
How to use peat tablets
Before you start sowing seeds in peat-distilled tablets, take a good look at them. On one side, they have a small indentation for a seed. Take plastic cassettes or a pallet. Place the tablets in them so that the hole is on top. After that:
- slightly warm up the previously settled water
- well spill tray of pills
- after 15 minutes, drain off excess water
- put 1 - 3 seeds on each tablet, if the culture is rare, then it is advisable not to put more than one
- if you need to embed seeds in the ground, then sprinkle them with fine sand, soil, humus
- to preserve moisture, cover with foil, glass
- Air the crops 1 - 2 times a day
- spray tablets and young shoots in a timely manner
An important point is that the tablets should have time to dry out a little, but not dry out completely, before the shoots appear, spraying is carried out carefully, without eroding the tablets from above. As soon as the seedlings reach the size at which they can be transplanted, then well loosen the soil in the garden bed, make holes, place tablets with seedlings in them, cover with earth and water the transplanted plant well.
Video about peat distillation tablets: