Since ancient times, juniper has been decorating garden plots. In addition to these varieties, there are many others. There are dwarf bushes and large trees.
The crown can be spherical, spreading, bushy, pyramidal. Each variety has its own crown color. It can be yellow, green, cream, red, gray, blue. This long-lived plant can grow from 600 years to 3 thousand. Having planted it, the next generation will remember you thanks to this plant for many years and admire the created estate. After reading the article, you will want to plant a juniper more strongly, as it is incredibly easy to groom.
- In what season to plant, how to choose the soil and prepare for planting?
- Optimal temperature, lighting, watering
- Leaving immediately after planting
- Juniper pruning activities
In what season to plant, how to choose the soil and prepare for planting?
Juniper is planted in the warm season in open ground (April - May). Planting is possible in autumn until October. It is worth planting in a sunny place, since it is very photophilous, but the common juniper is able to tolerate slightly darkened places. In dark places, the plant loses its decorative effect. The plant is not very demanding on the soil.
It is better, of course, to plant it on moist and loose soil, lime and sandy soil is also suitable. Growth possible on clay soil. For planting, buy a 3-4 year old plant with a lump of earth. The planting hole must be prepared in advance and twice as large as the lump with the rhizome. To fertilize the soil before planting, add 2 parts of grain and leaf land, as well as 1 part of peat and sand.
A glass of nitroammophoska is introduced into this mixture before planting the juniper. Everything is thoroughly mixed. It is necessary to plant a plant so that the clod of earth is 10 cm higher than the soil level. Once the plant is planted, it is well worth watering. Despite the fact that this plant is light-requiring in the first days after planting, the seedlings need to be shaded.
Optimal temperature, lighting, watering
The temperature regime during planting and further should be at least 15 degrees, since this is a heat-loving plant. When planting, the plant in a darkened place loses its decorative shape.
Pay attention to some of the features:
- Juniper requires good lighting for growth, but preferably without direct sunlight, if it is an artisanal species, since the active sun can burn the plant.
- Juniper can do without watering for a long time. But in case of prolonged summer heat, it should be watered at least once a month.
A shower from a spray bottle has a beneficial effect on the plant in dry times. It is carried out once a week in the morning or in the evening, since during this period the sun is less active and the plant does not dry out.
Leaving immediately after planting
A big plus of juniper is the minimum requirement for plant care. The active period of leaving occurs only for the first time after planting. It is necessary to water and spray the plant with water once a week, these actions help to strengthen the roots in the ground. During active sunny days, you need to shade it. Do not forget about cleaning the surrounding area from weeds.
In winter, the plant should be covered with mulch at a young age. When spring comes, the mulch is removed so that the trunk does not rot. Watering should be carried out only in hot summers, when dry days prevail. The plant does not require frequent watering, once a month is enough. Spraying the needles with water gives the needles a more delicate look. The plant does not require frequent fertilization, only in the case of very slow growth.
Every year, the trunk circle is expanded, it must correspond to the diameter of the crown. It is also necessary to mulch the trunk circle to protect the plant from weeds. Since the juniper grows slowly, it does not need to be trimmed frequently. It is only necessary sometimes to remove dry twigs or those that do not grow harmoniously.
If harmful insects appear on the juniper, it is enough to use special products purchased in a garden store. Pests rarely settle on a well-groomed juniper. From 5-10 years, the juniper bears its first fruits. Fruits are harvested using a canvas spread under the bush, the harvest is shaken off with light movements. The crop is then planted and ready for further use.
Juniper pruning activities
Common juniper pruning is used for decorative purposes, mainly for 2-3 years. Pruning is carried out throughout the spring and until mid-summer. Don't be afraid to prune your plant. First, pay attention to the appearance of the plant, determine which branches do not fit into the bush, which look too heavy and fall out of the crown.
These branches are pruned, but so that they would easily tilt to the sides, while preventing the option of a bald crown. Thus, the plant should take on a light appearance. Let's move on to cutting the core. Remove old or wilted branches here.
Juniper, with the help of pruning and using frames that fix the branches, is able to acquire any shape. A successfully cut bush is considered if it looks neat from 4-5 meters.
After pruning with a solution of copper sulfate, it is necessary to process the places of the cut branches. You can prune the plant every year, but generally it is done every 3-4 years. But branches that are broken or dry must be removed every year.
From our article, you got acquainted with the methods of care and planting of junipers. This coniferous plant is ideal for decorating a garden plot, both in the country and in the private sector. Juniper is not a whimsical plant and therefore there are no difficulties in care. Therefore, plant this plant and enjoy its appearance, in addition, it purifies the air and has a beneficial effect on the human body.
Video on how to choose a juniper for a site: