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Hydrangea paniculata in the garden, planting and caring for it


The genus Hortensia includes more than 80 plant species. Most of them grow as deciduous or evergreen shrubs, but there are also trees and vines that perfectly master all vertical supports and can climb to a height of about 30 meters. The homeland of most species are the countries of Asia, America.

Many hydrangeas are quite thermophilic and the preservation of the bushes in the winter is a rather difficult process. However, there are species that are found in the Far East and other areas with a temperate climate. Their varietal varieties endure winter cold without shelter. We are talking primarily about panicle hydrangea. We will try to find out what the panicle hydrangea looks like, about planting and care.

Content:

  • Botanical description of hydrangea paniculata
  • Where and how to plant panicle hydrangea
  • Planting rules for hydrangea paniculata
  • Basic Hydrangea Care Techniques

Botanical description of hydrangea paniculata

In the wild, panicle hydrangea can grow both in shrub form and in the form of medium-sized trees up to 8-10 m in height. Found in China, Japan and the Russian Far East. Although the root system is located close to the surface, the diameter of the roots exceeds the diameter of the crown. The leaves are oval, the length of the leaf plates can be up to 10-12 cm.

Gardeners are most attracted by paniculate inflorescences. They have a shape close to a cone with a fairly wide base. The height of the inflorescences exceeds 20-25 cm. Panicles are collected from two types of flowers. There are sterile flowers. They are quite large, 25 mm-30 mm. The number of petals is 4, the color during the season varies from green, snow-white, to pink or other shades, depending on the variety.

The flowers, which are called fertile, are much smaller, they lose their white petals early. Flowering begins from the fourth - fifth year of life. The first flowers open in the third decade of June and only the first frosts in early October can destroy the beautiful inflorescences of panicle hydrangea. In addition to aesthetic pleasure, hydrangea flowers can also be beneficial, like honey plants. In place of the flowers, fruit-capsules appear with a large number of very small seeds.

The advantage over other species is that panicle hydrangea feels good in shady places, it has a good growth rate and frost resistance. In addition to the bush form, panicle hydrangea can be grown in the form of a small standard tree. In addition, panicle hydrangea has many attractive varieties and varieties:

  • Bobo is a dwarf variety, height 0.8-1.0 m, pink flowers
  • Diamant Rouge - flowers from white at the end of the season turn cherry
  • Pink Diamond - the length of the panicles is more than 30 cm, the flowers are white-cream at first, then they turn red
  • Tardiva - late variety, cream flowers
  • Bomshell - dwarf variety, white flowers

Every year, the assortment of panicle hydrangea is updated, it remains to choose your liking and, before planting, learn about the features of growing panicle hydrangea in the garden.

Where and how to plant panicle hydrangea

Seat selection

In order for the panicle hydrangea to show all its best varietal characteristics, it cannot be planted in the open sun. Flowers lose their decorative effect from bright lighting. The best location is partial shade. The next requirement applies to soil. For lush flowering, you will need a site with soil:

  • clayey
  • fertile
  • sour
  • wet

On alkaline soils, hydrangea loses the brightness of inflorescences, grows poorly and slowly.
You can increase the acidity of the soil if you add:

  • brown peat
  • sawdust
  • coniferous land
  • spruce or pine needles

Deacidification of the soil is not allowed in any way, for example, by introducing:

  • lime
  • ash
  • chalk

If the site meets all the conditions, then you can start planting a plant on the site.

Planting rules for hydrangea paniculata

The planting time for hydrangeas for regions with a temperate climate is spring, in warm regions it can be planted in spring and autumn. The landing site is freed from plant debris and dug onto a shovel bayonet. For separate planting, dig holes up to 40 cm deep, up to 70 cm wide.If hydrangea is needed for a hedge, then they dig a solid groove of the same width and depth. Depending on the variety, the distance between plants can be from 0.7 m to 2.5 m.

Young plants can be planted closer and later planted. For planting, plants take 3-4 years. If the seedling has open roots, then they are slightly shortened. Place the hydrangea in the hole and cover the roots with soil.

Consolidate it. Then the plant is abundantly watered with a bucket of water. The earth is mulched. Peat or compost works well for this. Ground parts are cut off immediately after planting. 3-4 buds are left on each shoot. In the fall, in the year of planting, mineral fertilizers must be applied under young bushes. The success of further cultivation depends on the proper care of the panicle hydrangea.

Basic Hydrangea Care Techniques

In addition to regularly loosening the earth, removing weeds and abundant watering, hydrangea needs additional feeding.

Feeding hydrangeas

In the spring, the plant needs to be fed with a urea solution. To do this, 20 g of the substance is dissolved in 10 liters of water, this solution is poured under the bush. Large bushes need at least 20 liters of urea solution. At the beginning of the growing season, nettle infusion gives a good result. Nettle infusion is first poured under the bush, and then spilled with a bucket of clean water.

Mullein solution is added every two weeks. The solution is prepared from a bucket of manure that has been infused for three days, filled with three liters of water. After that, a liter of infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water and the bush is watered. When buds appear on the plant, then you need two mineral dressings with a break of two weeks. In order for the panicle hydrangea bushes to retain their decorative appearance, it must be regularly trimmed.

Pruning hydrangea paniculata

Before the onset of winter, all dry inflorescences are cut from the plant. In the spring, while the buds have not yet begun to open, all weak, incorrectly located shoots are completely cut off from the plant. Those shoots that have suffered from frost are cut to a healthy place. Annual shoots are shortened by 1/3 part.

If the bush is old, then all old shoots are cut into a ring. Correctly and timely cut hydrangea blooms very profusely. In the garden, panicle hydrangea looks good both in single plantings and in group ones. Cut inflorescences are used to create dry compositions.

Video about hydrangea and how it blooms:


Watch the video: DO These NOW On Hydrangea for MAXIMUM Flowers! (January 2022).