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Annual phlox: planting and care rules, growing dates


On the site of any country house, you can see annual phloxes. It is not difficult to grow annual phlox, the main thing is to regularly take care of the plant.

Content

  • Annual phlox: varieties
  • Cultivation methods and terms
  • Preparation and landing
  • Plant care

Annual phlox: varieties

Phlox Drummond is the only annual phlox species that has several varieties. The most common are:

  1. Phlox "Star Rain". The flowers are shaped like stars. They can be solid or two-colored.
  2. Phlox "Twinkling Star". The plant is undersized, up to 25 cm high. Phlox flowers are large at the end, pointed petals.
  3. Phlox "Chanel". The bush is compact and covered with yellow-red double flowers.
  4. Phlox Promis Pink. The flowers are large and double, pink in color with a pleasant aroma. Differs in abundant and long flowering.

This plant will make flower beds, lawns of any suburban area more attractive.

Cultivation methods and terms

Reproduction of phlox can be done in one of two ways: by seed and cuttings. From mid-May to June, cuttings are carried out. For this, a stalk with two or three leaves is cut off and planted in open ground. In a month, the plant will form a root system and by autumn it will bloom. Cultivation by sowing seeds is carried out in March or April.

Seeds during this period are sown for seedlings. After sprouting, plant them separately and place them on the windowsill. It is important to avoid direct sunlight. To do this, cover the planting with any covering material. If you sow seeds in open ground, then it is recommended to do this in May. During this period, the earth is already well warmed up.

It should be remembered that phlox grown from seedlings bloom all summer, and seeds sown in the ground bloom only at the end of summer. You can sow seeds for the winter, in October or November. Phlox tolerate frost well, but it is recommended to insulate the planting site with dry leaves or grass.

Preparation and landing

If phlox is grown from seed for seedlings, then the seed must be soaked in advance. You can use a specially prepared solution of potassium permanganate or soft water. Lower the seeds for a day, then take them out, dry them, put them on cheesecloth and put them on the windowsill to warm up. Seeds should be sown every 3-4 cm, not burying into the ground, but sprinkling on top. Then spray from a spray bottle and cover the container with glass. It is important not to forget to regularly water and air the seedlings.

Seed germination depends on temperature and humidity. The temperature should be in the range of 17-20 degrees, it is also necessary to adhere to high humidity. It is important not to forget about timely watering. Before planting phlox in open ground, you need to prepare the soil. The land must be fertile and moist.

It is undesirable to plant the plant on clay, acidic and damp soils. The soil must be fertilized. About 7 kg of peat, 5 kg of compost, 300-400 g of ash should be taken per square meter.

Mix everything well and add a little sand, potassium sulfate and nitrophoska 30 g each to the mixture. Apply the prepared fertilizer to the soil and dig up the ground. Plants can be planted after 2-3 weeks. It is important to know that it is forbidden to apply manure under phlox, since the plant can be affected by various rot. Sowing seeds or planting seedlings is recommended in shaded areas. Thus, you can admire the flowering of phlox for a long time.

Sowing seeds into the soil is carried out to a depth of about 1-1.5 cm. In the spring, the seedlings will sprout, and it will be necessary to make a dive. Seedlings are planted at a distance of 18-20 cm. After a week, young plants should be fed with saltpeter. It is better to plant the plant in the evening or in cloudy weather. Low-growing varieties are planted at a distance of 40 cm from each other, plants of medium length - 50-55 cm, and tall ones - 60-70 cm.The depth of the hole is about 15-20 cm.

Put a seedling in the prepared hole, cover with earth. In this case, the stems should be buried 3-5 cm.This is necessary so that the root collar does not receive sunburn, and in winter the plant does not freeze out. Then pour water over and mulch.

Plant care

After planting, annual phloxes need to be watered every 2-3 days for 2 weeks. Watering should be moderate. You will need 2 buckets of water per square meter. During dry periods, water should be regularly watered in the morning and evening. In hot weather, do not water the plant with cold water, as this can lead to cracking of the root system.

Phlox should be fed at least 3 times during the summer. Dry top dressing is applied if the summer is rainy. If there is little rainfall, then liquid fertilizer is applied. To prepare dry fertilizer, you should take a bucket of humus and 2 tablespoons of urea. Mix the ingredients and sprinkle next to the plants.

If it is necessary to add a liquid top dressing, then dilute 2 tablespoons of urea in 10 liters of water. This fertilizer is applied when the stalks are branches. With the appearance of the buds, a second feeding can be performed. Dissolve nitrophoska (60 g) in a 10 liter bucket. You can also add special fertilizers for flowering plants. The last feeding is performed after the phlox have faded.

Superphosphate and potassium sulfate are diluted in a bucket of water in equal amounts of 30 g each. For dry top dressing, take 8-10 kg of peat, 60-70 g of phosphorus-potassium fertilizer and the same amount of "Autumn" fertilizer. Correct preparation of fertilizer and optimal timing of application for the next year will ensure abundant and long flowering. When caring for phlox, do not forget to mulch the soil, loosen and remove weeds.

Mulching should be carried out continuously to prevent drying out and to ensure the air permeability of the soil. You can use humus, compost, dry peat, or leaves as mulch. Phloxes are not demanding to care for. If you follow all the recommendations, you can enjoy the lush and bright flowering all summer long.

Video about phlox in home design:


Watch the video: HOW TO TAKE CARE OF PHLOX PLANTS (January 2022).