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How to grow hazelnuts from nuts: tips and tricks


Hazelnuts are one of the healthiest nuts after walnuts. It is not difficult to grow hazelnuts in a garden, the main thing is to follow all the recommendations and rules for growing it.

Content:

  • The choice of planting material
  • Preparing for landing
  • Reproduction methods
  • Planting and care

The choice of planting material

For planting, you must choose ripe nuts. The optimal time for collecting seeds is September - October. The nuts should be free of any damage. Also, the smell of mold should not be emitted from the planting material. This indicates the unhealthy state of the nuts. This rule should be followed when choosing planting material in the nursery.

When buying seedlings, it is important to be able to distinguish from wild hazel. It is better to choose seedlings with purple leaves. It is advisable not to choose seedlings grown from seeds. Preference should be given to layering. To distinguish them, you need to look at the root. If it is fibrous, then these are layering.

Preparing for landing

Hazelnuts grow well on sandy loam and humus-rich soils. It does not grow in wetlands, poor and dry soils. It is not recommended to place hazel in the lowlands and southern slopes of the mountains. Before sowing, hazelnut seeds should be stratified for 3-4 months.

This procedure is carried out as follows: take a wooden box and pour wet sand into it. Previously, the seeds must be kept in water for about 5 days. Openings must be made in the boxes for oxygen access. It is important that the sand does not freeze, but also does not exceed the temperature of 10 degrees.

During the period of stratification, sand with nuts should be mixed once. If the sowing of seeds is carried out in the spring, then stratification is carried out in peat, wet sand or sawdust. The temperature should be in the range of 2-6 degrees. This procedure is necessary for the spring germination of hazelnuts.

Reproduction methods

There are several ways of reproduction of hazelnuts: by seeds, dividing the bush, offspring, grafting. Seed propagation is the easiest and easiest way to grow hazelnuts. Nuts are planted in autumn or spring after stratification. Sowing of planting material can be carried out both in the open field and in a container. When planting in open ground, the nuts should be deepened by 4-5 cm.The distance between the plants is about 8 cm, and between the rows it is necessary to make 15-20 cm.

After planting, the soil must be mulched with humus or peat chips.
If the soil is acidic, then it is necessary to process it with lime - 500 g will be needed per square meter. It is better to do this a year before planting, otherwise the seedling will not take root. The earth must be dug up and weeds removed.

Seedlings in spring may be rare or absent altogether due to unsuccessful stratification. This should not be scared, since in the following winters, stratification will occur completely, which means that seedlings will appear. The method of dividing a bush can also be carried out in a garden. To do this, you need to divide the dug out bush into several parts, so that each of them has a stump with a root system of 15-20 cm.

Then they are planted separately. Inoculation is carried out in various ways: in the butt, splitting or behind the bark. When choosing a propagation method, one should take into account the variety and type of plant, as well as its condition and age.

Planting and care

Planting seedlings should be done in the fall. It is necessary to make holes for each bush 60x60 cm in size. Mineral fertilizers and humus are applied there per tree 15 kg. From mineral fertilizers, superphosphate is chosen - 150-200 g, potassium salt - 50 g. After that, the top layer of fertile soil is added.

The root system should be carefully spread out and lowered into the hole, covered with earth. It should be remembered that the root collar should not be closed during planting. Before planting seedlings, they must be cut by 20-25 cm, the roots must be dipped in a clay-manure mixture. Each seedling is placed at a distance of 4-5 meters. After planting, the seedling must be well watered. After 7 days, watering is repeated.

The soil around the hazel must be loosened and mulched. This is necessary so that moisture lingers in the ground for a long time.

It is important to remember that in order to prevent the bark from undermining, the mulch should not come into contact with the stem. In the future, hazelnuts should be moistened 1-2 times a month. In hot weather, you need to regularly check the soil, since some varieties have active fruit growth during this period. The amount of watering will depend on the age of the hazelnut. You can moisten the soil around the trunk or dig a hole near the hazelnuts and pour in water.

Organic fertilizer is used as a top dressing. Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied before the growing season. With the growth of ovaries, hazelnuts are fertilized with 0.5% urea. When fruiting, 1-2 buckets of humus are introduced under the trunk. In the autumn, a young tree is fed with wood ash. A couple of years after planting, the plant should be formed. For this, pruning is performed. Hazelnuts do not require special care; if the above recommendations are followed, there will be no problems when growing hazelnuts.

Video on how to plant hazelnuts correctly:


Watch the video: How to Grow Walnut Tree from Seed at home Easy Process DIY (December 2021).