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Fast growing plants for hedges: types and descriptions


To ennoble the site, many owners make a hedge from plants. It is not easy to pick up plants, you need to consider some points.

Content:

  • Hedges: advantages and disadvantages
  • Deciduous trees for hedge
  • Conifers
  • Climbing fast growing plants
  • Features of planting fast-growing plants
  • Care advice

Hedges: advantages and disadvantages

A hedge is a dense planting of plants in order to delineate the boundaries of the territory. Usually trees and shrubs are used from plants. Such a fence performs not only a decorative, but also a protective function. The main advantages of green spaces:

  • Possibility of decorating outbuildings
  • Protected against dust, wind and noise
  • Retention of moisture in the soil
  • Division of space into zones
  • No need to paint

In addition, the hedge is a refuge for birds, which helps to eliminate harmful insects. You can also plant fruit crops that will yield a good harvest, but the plot or lawn will be spoiled by sprinkled fruits. Along with the advantages, such a fence also has disadvantages.

The hedge takes up enough space, and many plants have extensive root systems, which adversely affect crops, and rodents can also settle down and harm the site. It takes a long time to create a beautiful and original hedge. You can plant mature plants and not wait 5 years for young trees to grow.

Deciduous trees for hedge

The height of the stand can be low, medium or high. Therefore, the selection of plants is carried out taking into account the preferences of the owner. Usually deciduous, coniferous or climbing plants are chosen for hedges.

The most popular hardwoods are:

  1. Birch tree. The frost-resistant tree is ideal for creating hedges. Birch grows relatively quickly and does not require much maintenance. The following types are usually planted: Dwarf, Fluffy, Warty, Hanging.
  2. Poplar. A tree with a wide pyramidal crown with large leaves. The only drawback of poplar is its down, which affects allergy sufferers.
  3. Rowan. Chokeberry is often planted. Its shoots can completely cover the space that is set aside for the hedge. The plant does not require regular shearing.
  4. Maple. The plant needs pruning and feeding. It can be up to 40 meters long. For hedges, it is recommended to use such types of maple as Field, White or Tatarsky.
  5. Sea buckthorn. A small tree about 6 meters high. The branches of the plant grow a lot, so pruning should be done regularly.

Coniferous plants

Coniferous tree species are perfect for decorating hedges:

  1. Juniper. This low shrub grows no more than 2-3 meters in length. Depending on the species, the needles can be green or gray. Juniper grows very slowly, but it is not picky about care.
  2. Thuja. An evergreen coniferous tree, belongs to the Cypress family. A tree can grow up to 50 meters in height, and a shrub can grow up to 10 meters.
  3. Fir. A tree with a lush crown and soft needles. Fir is hardy to drought and frost. There are many varieties, but the most popular are: Kamchatka, Siberian, Sakhalin, etc.
  4. Spruce. It can grow up to 50 meters. The following varieties can be used for planting: Kupressina, Virgata, Akrokona, etc.
  5. Pine. Photophilous coniferous species. In young trees, the crown is conical, gradually becoming round. The color of the needles is gray-green.
  6. Yew. An ornamental shrub with a dense spreading crown on which red berries grow. Certain species can grow up to 10 meters.

Of the shrubs for fencing, barberry, dog rose, blackthorn, hawthorn, spirea, etc. are used.

Video types of hedges:

Climbing fast growing plants

Climbing hedge plants are decorative thanks to their beautiful leaves and flowers. To design a green space, the following types are suitable:

  1. Climbing rose. It blooms for a long time and is distinguished by an abundance of shades of flowers. For the hedge, predominantly winter-hardy varieties are chosen. This relieves the owners of the annual preparation of plants for winter.
  2. Clematis. Vines can be up to 2 meters long. A common type for a fence is purple clematis.
  3. Ivy. The most popular type of plant for gardening a fence. Braids everything with suction cups.
  4. Hop. An unpretentious plant with large leaves. Hop flowers have a specific aroma.
  5. Honeysuckle. It has an amazing aroma. Frost-resistant plant, does not need shelter for the winter.
  6. Campsis. Decorative deciduous vine. Inflorescences are tubular scarlet or orange.

In addition to the above plants, calistegia, wild grapes, and wisteria are used to create a beautiful green fence.

Features of planting fast-growing plants

It will take a long time to create a beautiful hedge, about 3-5 years. When choosing seedlings, their age must be taken into account. It is better to choose deciduous seedlings that are at least 2-3 years old, and conifers over 4 years old.

Deciduous plants are planted in spring or autumn. When growing plants in containers, planting is done in summer. Before planting seedlings, you need to prepare the soil and mark the site. Next, they dig a trench 60-90 cm wide and 40-50 cm deep. After that, nutritious fertilizers are applied in the form of compost, peat, humus. Conifers do not need to be fed with organic fertilizers.

Then slightly moisten the soil and plant the plants. With a hedge width of 90 cm, the plants are arranged in a checkerboard pattern. If the planting is single-row, then the distance between the trees should be 20-30 cm. You can also plant in two rows, then the distance is increased to 30-50 cm. After planting, the seedlings must be tied to a support.

Care advice

Living fencing needs good maintenance, which should be done regularly. The first few weeks after planting the plant, it is recommended to water it 2-3 times every two weeks. Then watering is gradually reduced. To form the correct shape, the hedge trees need to be pruned regularly. The twine is pulled at the desired height and trimmed to the mark.

The procedure can be carried out both in spring and autumn. When pruning, do not forget to remove dry leaves, flowers, etc. If the plant does not receive enough light, then it is advisable to perform curly pruning.

Areas affected by the fungus should be pruned and burned to prevent the disease from spreading to other trees. If the tree is sick, then pruning should be done at the root. It's better than replanting a bush. Over time, the soil can be compacted, so it is recommended to loosen and dig it. By observing all the recommendations for caring for fast-growing plants, you can create a beautiful living fence that will protect the territory of the house from prying eyes.


Watch the video: The Fastest-Growing Privacy Hedges u0026 Trees (December 2021).