Also

How to grow bamboo at home, planting and caring for indoor bamboo


I wonder if anyone can imagine a straw over 30m in size? Many will answer that there is no such straw in nature. A plant from the Cereals family, a well-known bamboo, has a stem - a straw, the size of which can easily overcome the mark of 30 m. We will try to find out the distinctive features of this plant and how to grow bamboo at home.

Content:

  • What is bamboo
  • How to choose bamboo for your home
  • How to care for bamboo indoors

What is bamboo

Bamboo thickets are formed by the largest and fastest growing plant from the Cereals family. By the nature of the thickets, it resembles the growth of wheatgrass, when the underground parts actively grow and fill the space in a short time. Before the ground stem begins to grow, the rhizome grows underground to a size of 80 cm and a new stem appears only at its very tip.

In total, the family includes more than 150 species. Bamboo species are found mainly in tropical climates. although there are exceptions, such as Kuril bamboo or saza. During rapid growth, and the growth per day can reach 70 cm, the stem is round and hollow inside - the straw becomes lignified and acquires the hardness and strength of the tree.

Despite this, bamboo is classified as a herbaceous perennial plant. The trunk of the bamboo is very straight. the thickness of the trunk, depending on the species, can be from 4 to 30 cm; there are swollen bridges along the entire length of the trunk. The gaps between the bridges can be 20 - 40 cm. The color of the bamboo trunk depends on the species and variety. There are yellow-stemmed and green-stemmed varieties. In the upper part, branching begins and spear-shaped leaves are located. In some species, they are slightly pubescent.

Once every few decades, in a bamboo thicket, all plants bloom at the same time. The flowers are collected in inconspicuous ears, they are pollinated by the wind. The bamboo fruit is a caryopsis. In connection with such a rare flowering, bamboo is propagated vegetatively, dividing the bush, parts of the stem or rhizome.

Bamboo stalks are widely used by humans. They are used for food, they are used to build houses, make kitchen utensils, and add them in the production of porcelain. Bamboo grows everywhere in tropical and temperate regions:

  • Africa
  • Indonesia
  • Brazil
  • Pakistan
  • Java
  • Madagascar
  • Kurilakh

Amateurs - bamboo growers carry out work to acclimatize the plant in conditions with cold winters. Currently, bamboos grow in open ground in Abkhazia, Crimea, the Kuril Islands and even in the Moscow region. There are cases when it is very successfully grown in regions with a more severe climate.

It turns out, if you wish, you can plant and grow bamboo or plants from closely related species in indoor conditions, this is now within the power of indoor flower lovers.

How to choose bamboo for your home

Considering the issue of planting bamboo at home, it is important to remember that under natural conditions bamboo grows in a warm and humid climate, in shade conditions, and if it is possible to provide such conditions for the plant at home and arrange a small tropical corner in the house, then you can start choosing bamboo for the room.

Unfortunately, what is commonly offered as bamboo belongs to another plant species called Dracaena Sandler.

It is mistaken for bamboo due to its appearance and the English folk name bamboo of happiness. Dracaena Sandler looks like short, funny stems, which are most often grown without soil or in the form of a twisted stem.

From plants belonging to the genus Bamboo and closely related varieties for growing at home, you can choose:

  • bamboo or Fortune multiflower, variegated
  • bamboo or dwarf multiflower, height 0.45 m
  • bamboo or multiflower golden, height 0.7 m
  • Kuril bamboo or Kuril saza, height from 0.3 m to 1.0 m
  • arundinaria variegated, height 1.0 m, green-cream leaves
  • arundinaria Muriel, height up to 3 m, yellow trunks

When choosing a variety of bamboo for indoor cultivation, it is important to remember that some varieties can still easily overcome a three-meter height and become inconvenient for keeping in a standard apartment.

How to care for bamboo indoors

You can plant bamboo in a pot both with seeds and with part of the rhizome. When the sprouts are about twice the size of the pot, they can be planted in large pots or tubs. The best soil for bamboo is a fairly heavy, fertile soil. For indoor growing, loamy soil is suitable, to which sand, peat and humus are added. Ready-made soil mixture with the addition of equal parts of sand, leaf and turf soil is also suitable.

In the room where the bamboo will grow, it should be warm in the summer, but not hot, + 20 is enough, and in winter no more than +16 +18. The light should be bright, but not direct, the best choice is windows with an orientation to the east. Watering is needed abundant, but without stagnant water. In the summer, additional daily spraying is required. It is always carried out with warm water.

In summer, it can be planted in open ground. In winter, when the heating works and the air in the room is drier, watering of indoor bamboo is reduced, in this mode it transfers dry air more easily. Top dressing of bamboo in a pot is carried out from spring to autumn, twice a month, using both organic and mineral mixtures.

You can transplant indoor bamboo as you master the pot. Together with the transplant, the bush is divided to obtain new plants. Also, if the size of indoor bamboo has exceeded expectations, then it can be trimmed. From all of the above, we can conclude that growing bamboo as a houseplant is a fascinating and feasible business for any fan of indoor floriculture.

Indoor bamboo video:


Watch the video: How Do I Care for My Indoor Bamboo Plant (January 2022).