To fertilize the soil, not only chemical agents are used, but also of natural origin. Tobacco, onion husks and other components are added to the soil. I often use it for culinary purposes, but experienced gardeners use the plant for other purposes as well.
- Pros and cons of mustard fertilizer
- How to grow this plant?
- How does mustard affect other plants?
Pros and cons of mustard fertilizer
With the help of mustard, the soil is fertilized. But this plant performs a number of other functions. Prevents weeds. They do not grow, since the mustard grows on its own in a short time. Therefore, the weeds do not have enough room to develop. Possesses phytosanitary properties. It is destroyed by some pests. With its help, they fight the wireworm, slug and pea moth.
Protects plants from diseases. This is due to the fact that mustard combines the iron in the soil, so the soil is healed. Systematically, mustard fertilizes the earth with organic substances, which are converted into humus. mustard as a fertilizer has a positive effect on the soil, making it loose. It does this with roots that grow up to 3 meters. As a result, more air passes into the soil, moisture is better absorbed.
With the help of mustard, nitrogen is retained in the ground. Therefore, no leaching occurs. Mustard not only retains nitrogen, but also converts it into a form that other crops need. This fertilizer combines the substances in the soil and converts them into organic form. Because of this, they do not go deep into the ground.
When frosts begin, the ground is covered with snow, the mustard is laid out on the surface and creates protection from the cold. This does not freeze the earth. This plant is an excellent honey plant. Therefore, it attracts insects that pollinate the flowers. Mustard is planted alongside other crops. She acts as a companion. She is able to improve the development of many fruit trees, vineyards.
If the gardener decided to grow mustard for such a purpose, then it is not worth planting a lot of seeds. It is necessary to take a lot of them if the plant will act as a fertilizer.
Mustard acts as a precursor to many other crops. These include potatoes, tomatoes. This is due to the fact that it is able to prevent many diseases, prevent them from appearing.
But there are some disadvantages of this plant as a fertilizer. Mustard is often attacked by various insects, it suffers from diseases. This plant is an excellent food for many birds, so they will be a frequent visitor to the garden. If this is a concern, then it is recommended to cover the seeds with mulch after planting.
How to grow this plant?
Buying white mustard seeds is not difficult today. In any specialty store, seeds are sold in packaged form or by weight. But it is worth remembering that the seed is quite similar to the seeds of cabbage crops. Therefore, sellers, wanting to cash in on buyers, can sell rapeseed.
Video about mustard fertilizer:
This plant is also used as a fertilizer, but its price and quality are much lower. Therefore, you should be careful when buying, it is better not to purchase goods in questionable places. Sowing of white mustard is carried out throughout the gardening season. This procedure is performed from spring to autumn. Seeds are planted in vacant places in the garden. But experienced gardeners advise sowing mustard at a time like this:
- In the spring, one month before the planned planting of other vegetables
- During the autumn period, when the crop was harvested.
- It is recommended to sow the mustard as soon as the crop has been harvested. The soil will not have time to dry out yet. There are 2 sowing methods:
- The seeds go into the ground by 1.5-2 cm.To do this, rows are made, between which there should be about 15 cm.
- Seeds are scattered over the territory of the garden. After that, harrowing is carried out using a rake.
After planting, it will take about 4 days, and the first shoots will appear. After a month, when the sprouts reach up to 20 cm, it is worth mowing the planting. It is recommended to carry out such a manipulation until mass flowering begins. After that, the mowed mass is crushed and transferred to the soil. After that, watering is carried out using one of the following drugs:
- Shining and other means
Finally, the ground is covered with a black film. It should be understood that the plant will decompose if the soil is sufficiently moist. For this reason, water the soil systematically during dry periods. If you use mustard in this way, the soil will improve. It will become loose, enriched, which will affect the development of other garden crops.
How does mustard affect other plants?
Although mustard is an excellent fertilizer, it should not be planted throughout the garden. Experienced gardeners advise against sowing this plant after potatoes, cucumbers and tomatoes. But before and after cabbage, it is contraindicated to plant mustard.
This is due to the fact that these plants suffer from the same diseases, pests. For this reason, the landing will not be able to take root, it will quickly die. In addition, gardeners do not advise sowing a variety of root crops after planting mustard in the spring. This is due to the fact that phytoncides will begin to suppress the emergence of seedlings.
In addition, the mustard rhizome, which remained in the soil and did not rot, will not allow root crops to develop normally, so their shape will be ugly. After this fertilization, it is recommended to plant strawberries. Therefore, mustard is a unique plant. It is often used as a fertilizer. With the help of mustard, you can noticeably improve the development of other plants.