Irga round-leaved is a deciduous shrub with a well-developed root system. The depth of the roots in the soil is about 40 cm. The leaves are ovoid and very dense in structure.
The flowers are dense inflorescences, with five to seven flowers in each. The petals of the irgi are white and about 15mm long. The fruits of the plant are similar to peas. In the beginning, the fruits are red, but when they ripen, they turn black with a bluish bloom. The shrub blooms in May, and the fruits ripen at the end of August.
- Beneficial features
- Planting and leaving
The leaves of the plant are astringent, so they can be used for pancreatitis and severe diarrhea. Also, the leaves contribute to the rapid healing of wounds. The bark of the irgi contains many tannins that can heal wounds and burns. A decoction of the bark is often used for sore throat and gastrointestinal diseases.
Infusion of plant flowers helps to strengthen blood vessels. Also, the infusion reduces pressure and tones the work of the cardiovascular system. The fruits contain a large amount of vitamins and organic acids. Therefore, irgi fruits are considered an excellent multivitamin. Berries have a positive effect in the treatment of the liver and kidneys.
The bush juice is astringent and anti-inflammatory. Due to the large amount of vitamin C in the berries, they are recommended for use in the weakening of twilight vision. The beneficial properties of berries can be determined by their high sugar content (within 12%).
The fruits are recommended to be consumed raw. The only drawback of the fruits is their low taste. Therefore, before eating berries, it is advisable to process them into compote, jelly, jam, etc.
In addition to many useful properties, round-leaved irga has some contraindications. First of all, this plant can cause allergies in people with individual intolerance.
Since fruits can increase blood pressure, hypotensive patients should not abuse their use. Also, berries are not recommended to be consumed in the presence of diabetes mellitus. After using irgi, it is not advisable to work where a high concentration of attention is needed (driving a car), since the fruits of the plant have a sedative effect.
Reproduction of irgi occurs in two ways:
- Vegetative method (cuttings, dividing the bush, grafting)
- Seed propagation
As for the use of seeds, before planting in the ground, they must be rinsed well under running water. In the process of washing, the pulp is separated from the still unripe seeds, which instantly rise to the surface of the water. Washing should be carried out until only full seeds remain at the bottom of the container with water.
Seeds are planted at the onset of autumn. The soil itself should be slightly moistened before planting. The first shoots can already be seen in early spring. When full-fledged leaves appear, you need to dive. Reproduction by dividing the bush should be carried out at a young age of the plant. When carrying out cuttings, the growths selected for reproduction should be no more than one year old.
Initially, cut cuttings are planted in special greenhouses. For active root formation, the soil must have several layers. The bottom of the pot is covered with a layer of pebbles, the thickness of which is about forty centimeters. The next layer should consist of soil and humus (25 cm thick).
The topmost layer consists of sand and is five centimeters thick. After planting the cuttings, they must be well watered and covered with plastic wrap. At high humidity in the greenhouse, adventitious roots may form on the cuttings. To accelerate the rooting of the cuttings, it can be treated with special agents. After a year, cuttings can be transplanted into open ground.
Planting and leaving
Before planting the game, you need to choose the soil for it. It is best if it is acidic or alkaline soil. As for the landing site, then for the irgi you need to choose a place on the windward side (to delay the snow). The distance between the planted shrubs should be no more than one and a half meters.
Before planting in the ground, half a kilogram of ash and the same amount of superphosphate should be added to the planting pits. The bushes should be pruned every year. This procedure is carried out for good ventilation of the bushes. To combat pests and diseases, irga needs to be periodically treated with one percent Bordeaux liquid.
As for watering the plant, at first, watering should be abundant. Further, the plant is watered as needed. With the onset of spring, the seedlings need to be fed. For this, ammonium nitrate is used.
Video about the plant round-leaved irga: