It often happens that when growing potatoes with tubers, more potatoes are used for planting than is obtained during harvesting. This growing method has the following advantages:
- Low cost of seeds
- Ease of storage and transportation
- Potatoes grown from seeds are resistant to late blight
- The yield from seeds is higher than from tubers.
- Features of growing potatoes from seeds
- Transplanting potato seedlings
- Planting seedlings in the ground
- Rules for caring for planted seedlings
- Planting potato seeds in open ground
Features of growing potatoes from seeds
Growing potatoes begins with growing seedlings. If the seeds are placed directly in open ground, the result will be very small tubers, from which it will be very difficult to grow good potatoes. Therefore, before planting seeds, they should be germinated a little. To do this, they are placed on a damp cloth and placed in a food container in a warm place.
During germination, the seeds in the container need to be ventilated sometimes. Also, if necessary, you need to periodically moisten the napkin. When the seeds germinate well, they should be placed in a seedling pot with pre-prepared soil. Crops from germinated seeds are re-moistened and placed on a windowsill.
Not the same type of potato always grows from seeds. The planted bushes differ in yield, color and disease resistance. To improve the yield for the next year, you need to select the best tubers that will serve as planting material.
Transplanting potato seedlings
When the seedling sprouts reach a length of 6-7 mm, they are transplanted into special seedling boxes, the depth of which is about ten centimeters. These boxes are filled with a fertile mixture of peat and fertilizers that can be made by hand. Before transplanting seedlings, the soil in the boxes needs to be slightly moistened.
Transplanting is carried out according to the scheme of 5 cm between the seeds in a row and 10 cm between the rows. The transplanted sprouts must be sprinkled with soil, or with calcined sand. The soil surface in the box must be periodically moistened, avoiding severe waterlogging. Seedling boxes should be covered with plastic wrap. To prevent the seedlings from stretching to one side, the boxes must be constantly turned.
In order for the seedlings to take root well, they can be fed with a urea solution. Monthly soil with seedlings should be fertilized with complex fertilizers. Over time, after the sprouts get stronger, the film can be removed from the box. Before transplanting potato seedlings into the ground, you need to stab it a little. For this, the seedlings can be taken out onto the balcony.
Planting seedlings in the ground
For planting seedlings in open ground, you need to approach very responsibly. For planting, you need to choose a loose and light soil, since the root system of the seedlings is very weak. It is necessary to transplant only when the ground warms up a little. After all, potato seedlings are very susceptible to low temperatures.
On average, planting seedlings should be carried out at the end of May. The potatoes are planted in specially prepared holes, the depth of which is ten centimeters.
Previously, these holes are filled with water and fertilized with humus. The seedling is placed in the soil so that only a stem with three leaves remains outside. The scheme of planting potato seedlings is 70 by 30 centimeters. Even with very small seedlings, the planting pattern should remain the same.
Rules for caring for planted seedlings
First of all, you need to remember that the seedlings are very vulnerable and may not tolerate temperature extremes. Therefore, before the onset of the adaptation period, the seedlings must be covered with plastic wrap. Also, care for seedlings consists in watering it. Watering should be done every two days. When growing potato seedlings in a greenhouse, watering can be carried out more often, since natural moisture does not have the ability to penetrate there.
You also need to carry out weeding and loosening of the soil. Loosening is carried out during the period when a crust appears on the soil surface. When the aboveground part of the bush reaches a height of ten centimeters, you need to carry out the first hilling. After three weeks, a second hilling should be carried out. This action is carried out with the aim of supporting the bushes with earth, since during growth the plant cannot hold its own weight.
Planting potato seeds in open ground
In comparison with the above-described method of growing potatoes from seeds, in this case the seeds do not go through the stage of preliminary germination, but are immediately sown in open ground. This method of sowing seeds is called seedless. In this case, the first step is to prepare the ground. For this, rows of soil are filled with water and sown with seeds to a depth of one centimeter.
When their first two leaves appear on the plants, it is time to do thinning, the step of which should be twenty centimeters. Due to the fact that seed potatoes are sensitive to drought and weeds, watering and weeding should be carried out periodically. The harvest time falls around the beginning of October.
The crop harvested in the first year will not be high enough. But in the coming years, the harvest will only improve. Tubers, which will be further used as planting material, can give a super-elite potato. This category is characterized by a very high quality. Over time, the quality of the potatoes will deteriorate slightly. Therefore, after five years, you need to repeat the whole process of growing from seeds.
Video about potato planting technologies: