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Features of the meadow foxtail culture, plant care


Meadow foxtail is a perennial herb, with a height of 50 to 110 cm. Foxtail is often used as a precursor for cereals and vegetables.

The plant has a fibrous rhizome that penetrates the ground to a depth of one meter. The leaves are about 25 cm long and have a slightly bluish color. Meadow foxtail became famous in the 18th century. To date, five breeding varieties have been zoned. The seeds of the plant are scarious and non-flowing. The mass of 1000 seeds ranges from 600g.

Content:

  • The main features of culture
  • Beneficial features
  • Application of meadow foxtail
  • Planting and leaving
  • Harvesting seeds

The main features of culture

After sowing a culture, it grows very slowly at first. The first shoots begin to appear only 12 days after sowing. In the first year, a small number of fruiting shoots appear. Already in the second year, the foxtail begins to actively grow and develop. With the onset of June, cereals begin to bloom. In this type of cereal crop, there are signs of both spring and winter development. In other words, we can say that meadow foxtail is a semi-winter type of culture.

The grains of the plant can be stored for more than ten years, and the seeds for about four. The flowering period of the plant is slightly extended. This is due to the non-simultaneous ripening of the shoots. Since foxtail is a moisture-loving plant, it is best sown in clay meadows and low-lying peatlands. It can also be grown in acidic soils. Due to the high winter hardiness of the culture, it is sown even in areas of the forest-tundra.

Beneficial features

Despite the fact that foxtail is not considered a pharmacopoeial plant, it still found its use in traditional medicine. First of all, this plant is an analgesic, expectorant and tonic for the treatment of colds. Also, foxtail is good for arthritis, radiculitis and diseases of the excretory system.

This plant is also used in traditional medicine, when taking allergy samples and treating bronchial asthma.

Foxtail has a positive effect on the nervous system. The plant is not recommended for use in the treatment of those people whose body may show an allergic reaction. After all, the pollen of this culture can cause such a disease as hay fever.

Application of meadow foxtail

This plant is grown as a forage crop. In addition, foxtail is used for arranging lawns. Also, decorative forms of this plant are often used in the arrangement of rockeries and naturgardens.

In medicine, meadow foxtail, or rather its pollen, is used in the preparation of allergens. Also, from this plant, you can prepare medicinal decoctions, which are capable of providing a general strengthening effect. Dried flowers of culture, florists use when decorating decorative bouquets and compositions.

Planting and leaving

For sowing this crop, it is better to use fresh, drained soil. Before sowing, you need to carry out some preparatory work in the form of treating the soil with herbicides. Two weeks after spraying, the soil must be plowed. If the plant is grown for seeds, then it is better to sow it in even rows. Sowing can be both cover and uncover. Testes can be sown in the fall under winter rye, or under some annual grasses.

In order for the planted grass stand to be dense, the number of plants per square meter should be 350 pcs. The care of meadow foxtail crops consists in watering, fertilizing and cultivation. Plant feeding should be done even before the beginning of its growing season. In this case, mineral fertilizers are applied in an amount: 3 centners of superphosphate and 1 centners of potash fertilizers per 1 ha of sowing. Also, the sowing is fertilized with nitrogen fertilizing in the form of ammonium nitrate (1 centner per 1 ha).

Harvesting seeds

Seeds of meadow foxtail ripen at the end of June. Harvesting should be carried out when the plant is in the phase of waxy ripeness. This can be determined by the color of the plant when the overall appearance of zero reaches a greenish hue. Also on separate stems, the seeds begin to crumble slightly. The seeds have a soft cutting consistency. Ripe crops are harvested by direct combining.

At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the nuance that it is necessary to harvest plants only from the second year of its fruiting. If foxtail sowing is used for hay, then two mows are carried out per season, and if for grass flour - then three. The amount of harvesting depends on the ability and the length of regrowth of the cut plant. If the height of the cut plant is at least five centimeters, then regrowth will be rapid.

After harvesting, a certain refinement should be carried out with it. A heap of plants is sent for rough cleaning. Such cleaning is carried out for sorting coarse and fine impurities. If the heap is wet, then it must be dried by ventilation. After that, primary and basic cleaning is carried out.

Video about a beautiful plant - meadow foxtail:


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