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When to replant lilies: summer, autumn, or spring?


The popularity of lilies can be compared to the popularity of the queen of rose flowers. This flower has accompanied a person since ancient times.

Today, lilies are also grown by professionals, for whom they are the basis of business activity and material well-being, breeders from all over the world are working on it, it is in demand both in amateur floriculture and in small family business. You can successfully grow flowers if you know the features of their structure, the development cycle, how and when to transplant lilies.

Content:

  • Botanical features of lilies
  • What you need to know about lily bulbs
  • Lily transplant after flowering
  • Features of spring transplantation of lilies

Botanical features of lilies

Lilies are a genus of plants from the numerous Liliaceae family. Lilies are monocotyledonous bulbous plants. Lilies reproduce both vegetatively and by seeds. When propagated by seeds, the plant does not bloom until the fifth or sixth year, therefore, in amateur gardening, lilies are most often propagated using bulbs.

Currently, there are about a hundred wild species. They can be found in the countries of East Asia, Europe, North America, India. More than 3 thousand cultivars have been bred. Life form is a perennial herb. The height of the aerial parts ranges from 0.2 m to 2.0 m. The leaves are narrow, usually lanceolate or ovoid.

May form a root rosette. On the stem, they are whorled or alternately. The stem is green, and there are also brown and purple colors. Perianths are formed by six free petals, straight or bent back. Lily flowers are located on the tops of the shoots, either singly or collected in inflorescences from two to several dozen.

Lily flowers can be in the form:

  • tubular
  • bell-shaped
  • funnel-shaped
  • turban
  • goblet

Lilies differ from many bulbous relatives in that, in addition to the usual bulb, which is underground, it has buds, with the help of which the flower reproduces independently, or they serve as planting material for planting lilies on the site. They are located in the leaf axils.

Despite the fact that the lily can be planted with buds (bulbs), such a plant will begin to bloom after two to three years or with seeds, flowering will come in five years, most often underground bulbs serve as planting material.

What you need to know about lily bulbs

The underground part of the lilies is represented by the bulb and roots. Most often, the roots are located in two tiers, the first tier of roots is above the bulb, these are stem roots. The lower layer of roots extends from the bottom of the bulb - these are bulbous roots. Each lily bulb has a bottom, which, in fact, is a shortened modified perennial shoot and scales - modified leaves. The shape, size and color of some bulbs can also determine the type of lily.

Video about transplanting lilies at different times of the year:

It is important to know that after three to four years, and in some species after five to six years, the bulbs form daughter bulbs with their own root system. Since without transplanting most lilies grow in one place for up to six years, a whole nest of several large bulbs can form in place of one bulb. In Asiatic lilies, this happens after three years, in other species - after five to six years. Thus, you can use for planting and transplanting lilies:

  • daughter bulbs
  • scales from the main bulb
  • divided sockets

For the process to be successful, you need to adhere to a few simple rules and choose the right time for the transplant.

Lily transplant after flowering

Transplanting lilies depends primarily on the variety and flowering period. Early flowering lilies will be ready for transplanting in the summer, immediately after flowering. If the plant has finished blooming by the end of June, then the bulbs can be replanted by mid-August. Later varieties are ready for transplanting about five to six weeks after flowering ends.

Formally, you can start transplanting as soon as the last flower withers. However, very often at this time the bulbs have not yet recovered and it takes some time to allow it to grow stronger. Therefore, do not rush and transplant lilies immediately after flowering, but give them time to lie in the ground. Thus, the best time to transplant lilies is August for early varieties, late September - mid-October for flowers with an average flowering period.

Considering that there is enough time for rooting, and in the ground, the bulbs of most varieties tolerate even severe frosts well, there is no danger that they will die. But there are late lilies that bloom in September.

With an autumn transplant, which is carried out before the soil freezes, they do not have time to take root and, most likely, such bulbs will die in cold winters without additional shelter.Before transplanting, the bulbs must be kept in a solution of karbophos, potassium permanganate and dried in the shade. If transplants are delayed, store them in boxes covered with a damp cloth.

In addition, transplanting in late autumn can affect the timing of flowering in the next season. They can move to a later time. Therefore, under certain weather conditions and other circumstances, it is worth postponing the transplant of lilies until spring.

Features of spring transplantation of lilies

To transplant lilies in the spring, they must be removed from the ground around the second decade of October. Considering that for the spring transplant, the bulbs must be kept intact, to prevent them from drying out or rotting, then you need to select healthy and strong ones, without damage and rot. Before sending them for storage, it is better to take measures for disinfection and hold the bulbs for half an hour in a solution of potassium permanganate.

In winter, the bulbs should not dry out, so they must be folded into bags with holes, sprinkling each row with sawdust, previously moistened with water. The storage location is the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator, if there are few bulbs or a cool, frost-free cellar. With a spring transplant, you need to adhere to the same rules as with a summer and autumn one:

  • do not replant in a place where lilies, tulips or daffodils grew
  • the soil is dug up at least 40 cm
  • planting depth is approximately three bulb sizes, on average 12 - 25 cm
  • the onion is laid with the bottom down
  • roots are shortened by half
  • the distance between adjacent bulbs is not less than 15 cm

In addition to the above rules and conditions for transplanting, choosing the time for this event, you need to take into account the peculiarities of not only the climate in general, but also the weather conditions of the season.


Watch the video: Dividing Lilies (November 2021).