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Description of Canadian spruce, proper care and transplant rules


Canadian spruce belongs to the category of dwarf trees. This ornamental plant can be used not only on the plots of private houses, but also for the design of parks, squares, etc.

Content:

  • Description of the plant
  • Reproduction of gray spruce
  • Plant transplant
  • Care features

Description of the plant

This plant is characterized by the presence of a dense, conical, narrow crown, which provides it with excellent external data. Canadian spruce, on average, reaches a height of one and a half meters. In rare cases, this plant can grow up to 4 meters. Spruce has thin and soft needles, which are characterized by a blue-green color.

The root system of this plant is located very close to the surface, which requires the most careful care for it. In one year, Canadian spruce can grow by 3-4 centimeters. This growth is observed within 10-15 years after disembarkation. Further, its slowdown is observed.

The plant is characterized by drought resistance and winter hardiness, which allows it to be fully grown in the climatic conditions of our country. If favorable conditions are provided for the Canadian spruce, then it can live for about three hundred years. In landscape design, gray spruce can be used as a single plant or in a group. Thanks to the universal size of the tree, it can be planted even in flower beds.

Reproduction of gray spruce

This plant is truly unique, since its reproduction can be carried out in the following ways:

  • Saplings
  • Seeds
  • Cuttings

The longest process for growing spruce is one that involves the use of seeds. Using the cuttings method, propagating Canadian spruce will be quite difficult for a gardener. If propagation is carried out by seedlings, then for this purpose the lower matured branch, 10 centimeters long, is selected.

Before planting the cutting, its lower part is treated with growth stimulants. Planting depth is 2-3 centimeters. To plant a dwarf spruce, you must use an ordinary soil mixture, which can be purchased at the store. After planting the plant, regardless of the chosen method, it is necessary to water it constantly and fully.

Plant transplant

Canadian spruce is a unique plant that can be transplanted at any time of its growth. The most favorable time for this is the young age of the plant. If the transplant is carried out with an open root system, then it should be done in the autumn or spring. When transplanting Canadian spruce in the summer, it is necessary that the root system be together with an earthen lump. Planting should be done in cloudy weather.

After transplanting the Canadian spruce to a new location, the optimal moisture level is maintained. The transplanted trees must be protected from direct sunlight. Waterlogged soil is very bad for the survival of the plant. Therefore, frequent but moderate watering is necessary. In very wet soil, root death will be observed.

Planting of the plant should be carried out in those areas that are characterized by a low occurrence of groundwater. If you have not found such a place for planting Canadian spruce, then drainage must be done. The plant will take root in the shortest possible time if the air humidity is high and precipitation is rare. To ensure the most beautiful shade of the needles, it is necessary to plant a plant nearby with garden species.

Care features

Canadian spruce is characterized by unpretentious care, but in order for it to fully grow and develop, it must be provided. Spruce is characterized by frost resistance. It can fully withstand temperatures from -15 to +5 degrees. If in the region in winter the temperature drops below this mark, then it is necessary to wrap the plant for the winter.

Planting the plant should be carried out in semi-shaded areas and moisture-consuming loamy soils. If the soil is not suitable for your area of ​​Canadian spruce, then mineral fertilizer or manure can be used to fertilize it. The use of mineral fertilizers should be carried out in accordance with the instructions. If you use manure, then you need to scatter from 10 to 15 kilograms of this fertilizer per square meter of land.

If the plant is planted on sandy soil, then loam and sod are added to it. In order for the Canadian spruce to have attractive shapes, it is necessary to regularly prune its crown. If there is a drought in the summer, then the plant needs to be watered using the irrigation method. Weeding takes place a few days later.

This action is carried out as carefully as possible, since deep loosening can damage the roots of the Canadian spruce.

In the autumn, the soil is mulched. For this purpose, peat compost is used. In order to maintain the required moisture level, it is necessary that the thickness of the mulch is 5 centimeters. In the early spring period, the branches of the plant are covered with breathable material. This will limit the possibility of burns from the spring sun.

Canadian spruce, like other conifers, can suffer from pests and diseases. Most often, the plant is exposed to such a dangerous fungal disease as tracheomecosis. This disease interferes with the delivery of nutrients to the plant by the roots. There is no cure for this disease. In some cases, rust appears on the branches of the spruce. Treatment of the disease is carried out with insecticides.

The plant is affected by such a pest as the bark beetle. Insecticide BI-58 is an effective remedy at the initial stage of the lesion. Caring for Canadian spruce is quite simple. Even an inexperienced gardener can do all the procedures. If the care and reproduction of the plant is carried out correctly, then you will be able to arrange a truly original design of your garden plot.

Canadian spruce on video:


Watch the video: How to transplant a small evergreen tree (December 2021).