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Eustoma, growing and care in a pot and on a plot


Many indoor or garden plants were discovered and brought to Europe by pioneers and sailors while exploring new lands. In the future, they were not only described and defined, but also got their names and popularity among flower growers.

The flowering plant eustoma is no exception. Its popularity is now returning. We will try to find out more about the eustoma plant, its cultivation and care in culture.

Content:

  • Eustoma, history of discovery and description
  • The modern story of eustoma or rose of love
  • Growing eustoma in pots
  • Growing eustoma in the garden, popular varieties

Eustoma, history of discovery and description

Eustoma is a genus of widespread plants from the gentian family. The family includes about 90 genera and more than one and a half thousand species. Representatives of the family are widespread almost everywhere. The presence of alkaloids, glycosides provided plants with a bitter taste and formed the basis for the Russian name of the family. They are mainly used as medicinal herbs in traditional medicine. But there are eustomas that are grown as ornamental garden or pot crops. The most popular when grown in a culture of large-flowered eustoma or lisianthus Russell.

It is brought from South America and is grown as a cultivated plant. In the wild, it grows in the South of the United States, in Mexico, in the Caribbean. Prefers a humid and very warm climate. Wild species have blue and purple inflorescences. The Indians not only composed legends about the beautiful incarnation of the beautiful daughter of the leader in a flower, but also used it as a general tonic, giving a burst of energy. For the first time the official name of the plant was given by K. Linnaeus in 1762. Seeing the similarities with various gentians, he named it Gentiana exaltata or tall gentian. However, in 1806, the English botanist R.E. Salisbury singled out the American flower in a separate genus Eustoma. But the study of the plant did not end there.

The modern story of eustoma or rose of love

The history of defining, describing and naming the beautiful South American flowers continued into the 19th and 20th centuries. The plant was repeatedly described as a newly discovered flower, it was attributed to various species of the genus Tsinoria, or even given a new name, for example, Russell's Lisianthus. The story with the names ended in 1957, when the American botanist L. Shinners proposed to approve the name large-flowered eustoma, and consider all other names as synonyms.

The flower's popularity began as a potted culture in Scotland. Further this country, the plant was not very popular. Until about 100 years later it got to Japan. Here they fell so much in love with a delicate flower that they began to intensively engage in its selection. Currently, the flower is gaining popularity thanks to the achievements of the Japanese breeders, who have bred many multi-colored, simple and terry, tall, suitable for cutting and low, suitable for growing in pots, varieties and hybrids of eustoma. The Japanese offer seeds of about 50 of the finest varieties of eustoma. In the USA, it became popular in wedding bouquets and received another name - the rose of love. You can buy and grow it in almost any country in the world, both as an indoor plant and as a garden plant.

Growing eustoma in pots

For growing in pots, the variety "White Rose" and other varieties with a stem height of up to 25 cm are suitable. In amateur floriculture, the time for sowing eustoma seeds is mid-March. In professional greenhouses, sowing is carried out year-round with additional lighting. Any soil with neutral acidity is suitable, the main thing is to add sand to it and warm it up thoroughly in an oven. Pour medium-sized drainage and soil into small pots. Moisten well the day before sowing. Spread the seeds on top, without touching the ground.

Video about the successful cultivation of this flower:

Cover with foil and provide bottom watering through the pallet. Watering from above is undesirable - this will lead to the tightening of seeds into the ground. It is important to provide the crops with a temperature not lower than +23 and not higher than +26. At higher or lower rates, the seeds germinate worse, and at +30 they may die altogether. The first shoots appear after 10 days, and on the 14th day almost all seeds hatch. If this does not happen after three weeks, then the seeds, most likely, have lost their germination. The seedlings must be kept under the film for the first five days. Starting from the sixth day, the film is removed for 10 minutes. On the seventh day, the period is increased by another 10 minutes and the seedlings are kept open for 20 minutes, on the eighth - the period of exposure to air will be half an hour.

Thus, for about 25 days, the flowers have been open for three hours and from that moment they can not be covered and the seedlings can be grown without a film cover. As soon as the size of the seedlings reaches a height of 2-3 cm, she needs a pick. To do this, three to five plants are planted in separate, preferably peat or cardboard cups. The first days after the dive, the eustoma is kept in a place protected from the direct sun. When young plants reach a size of 10 cm, then they are transplanted into pots. This must be done without destroying the earthy coma and exposing the roots, carefully transferring the eustoma into a new pot. Considering that the root system of a flower is rather modest in size, then low, wide containers are suitable. Drainage material and soil must also be decontaminated in an oven.

Eustoma pots are best placed on west or southwest windows in diffused light and humid air. At the beginning of flowering, the plant needs a weekly application of potassium and phosphorus. In winter, it is enough to feed once a month. The flower loves moist soil, but without waterlogging and stagnant water. During the period of mass flowering, it is necessary to carefully trim the dried flowers. After three years, it is advisable to transplant the plant into a new pot - this will cause abundant eustoma flowering. If small varieties are grown in pots, then eustoma with a stem height of up to 75-80 cm is grown either in closed greenhouses or in open ground.

Growing eustoma in the garden, popular varieties

For growing eustoma in the garden, the seedling method is used. To get beautiful flowers in June, you need to sow seedlings no later than the end of January. The agrotechnology of sowing and growing eustoma for open ground does not differ from growing seedlings for indoor use. Landing in open ground is carried out not earlier than the ambient air warms up to + 18 and the temperature does not drop below this indicator even at night.

In most regions, this is the first - second decade of June. For cultivation in the open field, we recommend the F1 Kyota series.

The White Kyoto variety is especially popular. It has a pleasant aroma, large flowers and stands for a long time in the cut. In addition, this variety is distinguished by its early maturity and flowers when grown through seedlings in early July. The rivals of "White Kyoto" are the varieties "Pikot Blue" and "Pikot Pink", respectively, but with blue and pink non-double flowers. The stems of the varieties are high, up to 90 cm, and strong. Suitable for cutting. From terry varieties we can recommend "Cinderella" and "Champagne". It is worth saying that if you transplant the eustoma in a pot in the fall and transfer it to a cool room for the winter, and plant it again on the site in the spring, then it may be possible to preserve the plant in this way in the winter.


Watch the video: Blooming Lisianthus In My Garden (January 2022).