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Perennial vines for the garden: basic types and care


Recently, more and more flower growers began to use vertical gardening. With the help of climbing plants, you can decorate gazebos, walls of houses or a fence, and in this way give a country house or summer cottage charm and comfort. Vines are the most popular climbing plants.

Content:

  • Types of perennial vines
  • Cold resistant perennials
  • Rules for planting and caring for perennial vines

Types of perennial vines

Vines are a variety of plants with long, flexible stems. They can be woody with falling leaves and herbaceous with thin stems. They only grow up, so they need some kind of support. Vines climb upward with the help of suckers, antennae and other devices. There are perennial and annual climbing plants. Perennial vines, in contrast to annuals, require more time to develop and grow.

Climbing rose. In appearance it resembles bush roses. There are small-flowered and large-flowered plants of various shades: crimson-red, creamy-white, dark pink, white, lilac, yellow, etc. The climbing rose blooms until late autumn. Since the branches are large enough, a solid support is needed for the plant.

Campsis. Deciduous perennial plant. The leaves are light green, the flowers are orange-red, in their shape they resemble a gramophone trumpet. The plant is not whimsical to care for, but when planting, it is worth considering the season. If planted too late or early, the plant may not take root.

Actinidia. Woody liana of the actinidia family. In the spring, the leaves bloom, and in the fall they begin to fall, forming a crimson-red carpet. When the berries are ripe, they turn red-orange. It is better to place the plant on the northeast side. Fragrant honeysuckle. Winter-hardy perennial plant. The flowers are large, oblong in various shades. They emit a pleasant smell usually in the evening. On a support, it can rise to a height of 6 meters.

Stalked hydrangea. Shrub vine, very unusual and rare. Unlike other perennial vines, hydrangeas can be about 25 meters high. The large pink-white flowers emit a strong, pleasant scent that attracts many insects.

Cold resistant perennials

Clematis. An ornamental and flowering plant. Shrub vine in length can reach up to 3 meters. This light-loving plant is distinguished by abundant flowering twice a day. Flowers can be of different colors. The degree of flowering of clematis depends on the location. The flowers of a plant can be large or small, it all depends on the type of plant.

Calistegia is fluffy. A perennial climbing plant that is resistant to cold weather. Stems are slender with abundant leaves, can reach up to 4 meters in height. Calistegia flowers are single, pink. Flowering begins in late June and lasts until the first frost. Grows well in open, sunny places.

Girlish grapes. The vine looks quite original in the summer cottage. It is remarkable not only for its beautiful flowering, but also for the bunches of berries that change their color from green to black. It is better to use the landing site near the wall or on the pergola. In this case, the grapes will be a good decoration for the gazebo.

Wisteria. Among all plants, wisteria is one of the most beautiful climbing plants. Its white, light purple, purple or pink brushes are pleasing to the eye throughout the summer. The flowers bloom gradually, starting from the base. Wisteria is decorative not only for its flowers, but also for its beautiful feathery foliage, which takes on a golden color in autumn. Decorative perennial vines, when located on large areas, are combined with other climbing plants, while creating unique compositions.

Rules for planting and caring for perennial vines

Before growing vines, you should decide on a place - it will be permanent or temporary for the plant. Light-loving and shade-loving vines are distinguished, therefore, for each of these species, a specific place should be chosen for planting. Before planting climbing plants, it is necessary to prepare a support. It must be very strong so that even in strong winds or snowfalls, the plants are always supported. It is best to use plant seedlings rather than seeds. They should be no more than 4 years old and use the best grown in special nurseries. It is best to plant vines in spring or fall. Almost all types of lianas grow well on fertile and slightly acidic soils.

When planting vines near the wall of the house, the holes should not be made close to the house, since there is a high probability of water flowing under the foundation during watering. It is good to lay a drainage layer of large materials in the pit. The optimum distance from the support to the pit should be at least 30 cm. To prevent the spreading of water, a shaft of soil should be formed along the edges of the pit. After that, pour abundantly and mulch with compost or chopped bark. Some types of perennial vines should be insulated for the winter. To begin with, cut off the shoots and leave only the central branches. Then bend them, sprinkle them lightly with earth, and then cover them with spruce branches.

The climbing plant must be tied up. For this, it is advisable to use a sisal cord or washcloth. You do not need to tighten the stem too tight. After the plant is secured to the support, the garter can be removed. Vines should be watered only in hot weather and during the flowering period. When caring for vines, you should not forget to cut the shoots and feed the plant. Campsis and honeysuckle are pruned in early spring, and akebia and wisteria after flowering. It all depends on the type of flowering climbing plants. Mineral fertilizers are best applied in spring, and potassium-phosphorus mixture at the end of summer. With the help of decorative climbing plants, you can not only hide unattractive places, but also get a shady corner where you can hide from the scorching sun.

Video about vines in the garden:


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