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How to propagate spurge: tips and tricks


The most popular among flower growers from the Euphorbia family is the Euphorbia. Another name for the plant is Euphorbia. For the cultivation of milkweed, certain conditions must be created.

Content:

  • Indoor spurge: types
  • Milkweed breeding methods
  • Houseplant care

Indoor spurge: types

Euphorbia is a perennial plant that gets its name from the secretion of milky sap. Since the plant sap is poisonous, gloves should be used when caring for the plant. In many plant species, the leaves are collected in rosettes, and the flowers in inflorescences. Depending on the type of milkweed, the stem can be with or without thorns, cactus-like, fleshy, faceted. There are certain types of milkweed that are grown only indoors. The most common are several of them.

Euphorbia triangular. A plant grows from one trunk. After a few years, it begins to branch. Ribs are triangular with small spines. At the tops of the shoots are oblong leaves. Euphorbia Mil. Strongly branching decorative flowering succulent. In height it can reach up to 1.8 meters. The leaves are triangular, ribbed, with thorns at the edges. The plant can bloom for a whole year. Large-toothed spurge. It is a stem tree, the branches of which are 1.5 cm in diameter. The leaves are pig-shaped, there are notches at the edges of the ribs. Differs in decorativeness due to the available thorns.

Euphorbia white-veined. The stem of the plant is long, ribbed. It can reach a height of up to 1.5 meters. There are small spines on the ribs. The leaves are dark green, oval, with silvery veins.

Euphorbia is most beautiful. An evergreen shrub that can reach a height of 3 meters. Leaves are oblong, petiolate. Small thorns are located along the edges. The bract can be pink, bright red, and yellow. Euphorbia Head of Medusa. In appearance it resembles the Head of a Medusa. The trunk is brown. Numerous green shoots extend from it. The flowers are yellow with a greenish tinge and are located at the ends of the shoots.

Milkweed breeding methods

There are three ways to propagate euphorbia at home:

  • cuttings
  • seeds
  • dividing the bush

The first method is most often used - propagation by stem or leaf cuttings. Carefully cut off a small piece of 12 cm from the top of the shoot and immerse it in warm water. This is done in order to stop the release of milky juice. Then treat the cut points with charcoal. After that, leave the plant until a film forms.

Next, treat the cuttings with root roots and plant. You can use sand and peat as a mixture. After planting, pour plenty of water and cover with plastic wrap. In order for the cutting to take root, it should be placed in a warm place, where the temperature should be at least 20 degrees. If the procedure is performed correctly, rooting takes place after a few weeks.

Video on how to root euphorbia during reproduction:

Reproduction by leaf cuttings is carried out as follows: pinch off a small leaf from an adult healthy plant. The procedure must be performed with gloves, as the release of poisonous juice will begin. Then sprinkle with any root growth stimulant and plant. Then pour abundantly and cover with foil. The cuttings should be ventilated regularly. After 30 days, the leaves take root. This method of reproduction is more often used for triangular or white-lobed milkweed.

When propagating by seeds, it is necessary to stratify the seeds. Sowing is carried out in light soil at a depth of 2.5 cm. Then cover the container with foil and germinate at a temperature of 20-23 degrees. The first shoots can be found 2-3 months after sowing. Seeds should be aired regularly. The soil should be slightly damp. After the appearance of 2-3 leaves, seedlings can be transplanted. Reproduction by dividing the bush is carried out in early spring or autumn. You can divide the plant into any parts, the main thing is that there is at least one bud on the divide. After the juice drains, treat the cuts with charcoal. Then place the prepared cuttings in separate pots. In the first year, the plant color is weak and lags behind in growth. Euphorbia will delight you with abundant flowering only after 2 years.

Houseplant care

Caring for milkweed is quite simple. In summer, the spurge grows well at a temperature of 20-22 degrees. In winter, the optimum temperature for milkweed is 16 degrees. It is advisable to place the plant on the southern windows, where there is a lot of light. Euphorbia should be watered occasionally, once a month in winter, more often in summer. It is important to ensure that the soil does not dry out.

You only need to transplant plants if necessary. Tall plant species are best placed in tall, heavy pots. Euphorbia likes dry air more than humid air. Therefore, it is often undesirable to spray the plant. In order for the plant to enjoy its flowering for a long time, it should be properly cared for.


Watch the video: How to grow Crown Of Thorn bigger and get more branches faster. Euphorbia milii (January 2022).