What is parthenocarpic cucumber?

The spring-summer season is the hot season for planting.

Experts say that modern gardeners prefer parthenocarpic or self-pollinating seed varieties. Such seeds have a number of advantages and enrich the owners with a good harvest.


  • Parthenocarpic cucumber and its features
  • Features of growing parthenocarpic cucumber

Parthenocarpic cucumber and its features

Many do not even realize that the parthenocarpic cucumber can be pollinated without the participation of insects.

Pollination of this variety occurs with the help of wind, moisture, or the presence of a uterus and a stamen in the flower at the same time. Self-pollination is perhaps the most important advantage of the parthenocarpic cucumber species.

Most often they are planted in greenhouses. Naturally, as a hybrid species, they require special care. But the main thing for them is a constant temperature and moderate humidity.

From one bush of cucumbers, you can collect from 5 to 7 kilograms of the crop.

Cucumbers are dark green in color, have thorny bumps, due to which the fruit can retain moisture.

If you cut the vegetable in half, you can see that the parthenocarpic cucumber does not have seeds, there are some cases when, during self-pollination, the seeds are tied, but this happens unevenly. Then the fruit comes out slightly bubbly, looks like a pear.

Experts do not recommend planting this variety of cucumbers on open ground. You will end up with a very unattractive vegetable shape.

Outdoors, plant regular, pollinated cucumbers. They take root well in the garden and give good results.

The main advantages of parthenocarpic cucumbers:

  • reduce the cost of seeds and seedlings
  • save personal funds
  • plant density is twice that of pollinated cucumber varieties
  • are tall
  • give a good harvest

Parthenocarpic cucumber is the most suitable seed for greenhouse cultivation. It is impossible to go into the negative with him, he always gives an excellent harvest.

You don't have to wait for summer to grow delicious cucumbers. Just plant this variety in your greenhouse, and the harvest will not be long in coming.

So, we managed to find out that the parthenocarpic cucumber is a garden plant that does not require pollination.

The cucumber is self-pollinated with the help of wind, moisture or with the help of a pistil and stamen, which are located on one square of the flower.

Features of growing parthenocarpic cucumber

Planting and caring for a self-pollinating cucumber is not much different from caring for a pollinated "brother". If your greenhouse is heated during the winter time, then planting can be done right this month.

The ideal temperature for growing and planting cucumbers is considered to be + 18-24 degrees.

Let's touch on the topic of soil a little. Experts believe that peat and black soil are the best soil for planting self-pollinated cucumbers.

In principle, the plant is not whimsical in the choice of soil, but if you give the choice to these types of soil, then you will see the fruits a week, or even two earlier.

Parthenocarpic cucumber loves watering in moderation. Once you see that the soil is dry, start watering.

Water the plant at least twice a week. Self-pollinating cucumbers need to be fed at the root using water-soluble mineral fertilizers.

The first fruits can be seen after a month. We remind you once again that the parthenocarpic cucumber variety cannot be planted on open soil, otherwise you cannot avoid unpleasant surprises.

It is necessary to collect cucumbers when they reach a size of 8-10 centimeters. The collection should be carried out regularly so that ripe fruits do not interfere with the development of young growth.

It is better to pickle young cucumbers, since the sugar content in them is much lower.

What must be remembered before planting seeds?

Fluff the earth, saturate it with oxygen. Before planting, experts recommend fertilizing the soil with minerals.

The pits for the seeds should not exceed 10 centimeters. If there are weeds in the greenhouse, you need to get rid of them. The ideal temperature for growing seeds is +24 degrees.

It is necessary to water greenhouse cucumbers no more than once every 2-3 days. So, parthenocarpic cucumbers do not require special care. The most important thing for them is to maintain the optimal temperature and not forget about watering.

The cucumber variety is perfect for pickling, pickling and fresh eating. There is an opinion that self-pollinated cucumbers contain fewer vitamins and minerals.

It's time to dispel this myth. Contrary to popular belief, the fruits of cucumbers contain the same amount of vitamins and minerals as ordinary cucumbers from the garden.

So, we managed to find out many interesting facts about the cultivation and characteristics of parthenocarpic cucumber. It turns out that this is an irreplaceable type of greenhouse cucumber that does not require pollination.

The ideal time of the year for planting a greenhouse cucumber is the beginning of spring. So go ahead to delight the household with cucumber freshness.

Video characteristics of one of the varieties of parthenocarpic cucumbers:

Watch the video: SEED STORIES. Beit Alpha Cucumber: Breeding a Classic (January 2022).