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Diplomas: propagation by cuttings, seeds, antennae at home


Many indoor and garden flowers were cultivated after the discovery of unusual beautiful plants in the wild.

From the species that are common in hot climates, the efforts of breeders are used to develop varieties for a temperate climate, but almost any plant can be grown as an indoor or greenhouse plant.

Diplomatic flowers are no exception.

This representative of the South American continent is grown mainly indoors.

When it is not possible to purchase a ready-made seedling of this unusually beautiful plant, then the question arises of how to get the planting material on your own. Under what conditions does diplopiness lend itself better to reproduction?

Content:

  • Description of the plant of diploidia
  • Propagation of diplopia by cuttings
  • Reproduction of diplopia by seeds and whiskers

Description of the plant of diploidia

During the development of South America, Europeans turned their attention to flowering liana-like plants. The lignified shoots had beautiful shiny oval or heart-shaped evergreen leaves.

But most of all, large tubular flowers, more than 10 cm in diameter, attracted attention. There were species with snow-white, pink, maroon and scarlet flowers.

Originally, some species were named Mandeville, in honor of a diplomat from England who worked in Bolivia and was passionate about floriculture.

Later, with a detailed description, some plants were given the second name of diplodemy, which meant "two-glandular", since the stamens had paired honey glands - nectaries.

It is thanks to them that most types of dipladenia exude a strong aroma to attract pollinating insects.

This is facilitated by the fact that the vines are literally covered with a large number of flowers and bloom almost all year round.

In everyday life, the diplomatic family received popular names:

  • chilean jasmine
  • bolivian rose
  • brazilian jasmine
  • brazilian balsam
  • mexican love tree

Indoor flower lovers are attracted by rapid growth and abundant flowering by the end of the first year of life.

It blooms in spring and continues to bloom until November, and one flower lasts and does not wither for up to 10 days.

Such flowering can be achieved if the diplodemy is grown in a well-lit place, but not in direct sunlight. Throughout the year, the plant feels great at room temperature, and in winter it is advisable to keep it at +15 degrees Celsius.

In indoor growing, the length of the shoots can be adjusted by pruning, but the plant may not bloom.

And given that the liana can be more than three meters in length, it is best to install a vertical support in the center of the container with the diploma and twist the shoot around it or grow it in a flowerpot on the wall.

The video will show all the brilliance of this flower:

Despite the ability to abundant massive flowering, seeds are not always formed, therefore, it is better to propagate diplopia by cuttings.

Propagation of diplopia by cuttings

The optimal time of the year for propagation of diplopia by cuttings is from mid-spring to mid-summer. Cuttings can be prepared by cutting off part of the top from a young shoot.

In spring, young green shoots are suitable for this, and in summer, cuttings can be cut from more mature, lignified stems.

It is important to remember that the leaves, stems, roots of diplodenia secrete a highly toxic milky juice, so you need to work with it with gloves, avoiding the juice on the skin and mucous membranes.

When cutting a stalk, you need to make sure that there are two pairs of leaves on it.

It is advisable to treat the lower part of the shoot with a phytostimulant before rooting.

To root the cuttings, you will need a soil mixture of equal parts of peat and sand, to which, if possible, add a little dry moss. Small cups are filled with prepared soil.

Before placing cuttings in them, the soil is well moistened. For a quick and successful appearance of roots, cuttings are buried to the first pair of leaves and placed in a room where the temperature is not lower than +25 degrees.

If it is not possible to keep cups with dipladenia cuttings in a small greenhouse or greenhouse, then each rooting plant can be covered with a transparent plastic bag or part of a plastic bottle.

Water with care as needed. After about four weeks, the diplodenia cuttings will have their own roots and can be transplanted into a pot.

Sometimes good results are obtained by rooting in plain water, where the cuttings are located. When the roots reach a length of 1 - 2 cm, the cuttings are transplanted into the ground.

As a rule, cuttings take root quite well, but it happens that cuttings from some species, especially with double flowers, do not want to form roots and disappear, then you can try to propagate the dip with seeds and whiskers.

Reproduction of diplopia by seeds and whiskers

As a rule, the cost of some varieties of diploma is far from budgetary, but many shops offer seeds of various varieties of diploma. Sometimes indoor flowers can form a seed capsule after flowering.

A sufficiently high air temperature from + 22 to + 28 degrees is important for seed germination. The next condition is a properly selected soil with a light texture and a slightly acidic environment.

In the container where the seeds were sown, the soil should be moist, but without stagnant water.

Even if all the conditions are met, it can take two to four months for seeds to germinate, during which you will have to provide the crops with warmth, moisture and light.

Experienced flower growers and amateurs of dipladenia propagate it with antennae, which regularly appear at the top of the shoots.

This method can be considered as one of the propagation options for immature cuttings. This can be done by bending the shoot to the ground and pinning it at the place where the tendril is formed.

After the roots appear, the new seedling is separated from the mother plant and planted in a separate pot.

Dipladenia is one of the most wonderful indoor flowers, its cultivation, although it requires additional knowledge, caring for it is no more difficult than for any indoor flower.


Watch the video: Blueberry plants from cuttings (December 2021).