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How to grow and care for datura


Datura is an extraordinarily beautiful plant whose white flowers will adorn any garden.

The plant with its subtle intoxicating scent used to be called dope herb. This is a very poisonous plant, so you should be very careful when placing a flower in your garden.

The datura is easy to grow and care for. Even a novice florist can handle this.

Content:

  • Plant characteristic
  • Features of growing dope herb
  • How to care for a datura

Plant characteristic

Datura is a herbaceous annual plant that belongs to the Solanaceae family. In height it can reach up to 1 meter.

The plant has a taproot and branched root. The datura leaves are large, resemble the shape of an egg and are arranged alternately. The leaf plate is light below and darker on top.

Datura fruit looks like a box, which is densely covered with thorns on top. When the fruit ripens, the capsule opens into 4 folds.

Datura grass flowers are pale white, large and solitary, fragrant, like a bell. The flowers can also be yellow, pink, purple or purple.

They can be located in the axils of the leaves or at the top of the plant. A feature of the datura is that the plant blooms for only one day, and beautiful flowers bloom only in the evening.

About 15 buds bloom every day. In order for the plant to delight with its beautiful flowers, you should regularly cut off flowers that have already faded.

The plant begins to bloom from July until the very frost. There are several varieties of Datura.

Datura Indian. It is a perennial plant with a high level of branching. Flowers can be of different colors.

Datura ordinary. Belongs to the category of annuals. The root system is powerful and branched. Flowers are distinguished by a pronounced aroma.

Datura is harmless. This annual plant is completely harmless. The corollas of the plant are fragrant and have wide-angle bending lobes.

Features of growing dope herb

Datura is grown on loose and nutritious soils. A place to grow datura should be sunny and sheltered from the wind. The process of growing dope is simple.

First you need to prepare a potting soil mixture for sowing seeds. It is better to harvest it in the fall. To prepare the mixture, you must take the following components in a 2: 2: 1 ratio: sifted garden soil, humus and coarse river sand.

Sowing seeds in open ground is carried out in May, and for seedlings - in March. Planting material can be tested for germination in advance.

To do this, pour all the seeds into a separate container and cover with hot water. Seeds that have begun to float are not suitable for sowing.

You can sow seeds for seedlings in any container. Then cover with plain paper and place in a dark place for germination. The first shoots will appear in a week and the container can be rearranged in a lighted place.

You can plant seedlings in the ground after frosts in May or early June. Since datura is very fond of space, the distance from the seedlings should be about a meter. Datura can be grown and propagated by cuttings.

To do this, in September it is necessary to cut a stalk on which 2-3 pairs of leaves will be located. It is rooted in water or soil.

Those plants that are rooted can be planted in open ground in May. After planting, the plant begins to bloom in 3-4 weeks.

Some growers grow datura as a perennial plant, i.e. transferred to the room for the winter. In this case, rooting can be done throughout the year.

How to care for a datura

The datura is very simple and easy to care for, you just need to know and follow some recommendations. Then the plant will bloom constantly.

The plant is poisonous, therefore, all operations to care for the dope must be carried out with gloves.

In order for flowering to be lush, dope grass must be fed with complex mineral fertilizers once a week. Top dressing is recommended from the moment of planting.

Datura grass should be watered every other day, and on very hot days - daily. To prevent water from stagnating, you should regularly monitor the clod of earth.

For a room date, watering in winter should be reduced, so it is at this time that the dormant period begins. The houseplant is very fond of a lit place. In winter, the date should be moved to a cool room.

An important condition for the active growth of Datura is pruning. It is necessary to constantly remove faded heads.

In autumn, when the flowering period has already stopped, the branches of the datura should be cut to form the crown of the plant. New Datura flowers will grow on new young branches.

The plant is quite resistant to pests and diseases. In rare cases, dope can be affected by spider mites, whiteflies.

Datura is a very ornamental plant. Thanks to its lush, multi-colored flowers, it can be used to create various flower bed arrangements.

Video, characteristic of the datura plant (dope):


Watch the video: Persistent Trip - Datura? (January 2022).