In many gardens, coniferous trees have a lot of space, they are convenient to use in landscape design, because they are quite decorative in any season.
When there are no leaves or flowers on deciduous bushes and trees, conifers delight the eye with green, gray or blue needles. Among firs, junipers, yews, pine takes its rightful place.
You can find a young pine tree in the forest and transplant it into the garden, however, you cannot predict how it will grow.
Perhaps in a few years a tall tree with a bare trunk and an asymmetrical crown at the top will be completely out of place in a small area. A dwarf pine will help you avoid such surprises.
- Dwarf and undersized pines for the garden
- How to plant a dwarf pine
- Dwarf pine in the garden: care
Dwarf and undersized pines for the garden
Many species of pines in the wild reach enormous sizes up to 50-80 m in height with a crown span of up to 12 meters, while dwarf forms sometimes grow from 0.5 m to 2 m.
Almost all types of pines have miniature and dwarf varieties and shapes, this applies to:
- Scots pine
- cedar pine
- mountain pine
- Weymouth pines
- pine radiata
Dwarf pines differ from tall relatives not only in size, but also in the shape of the crown, the color of the needles.
It is worth saying that the main difference between dwarf pines and tall species is the minimum annual growth, which on average does not exceed five cm, while the growth of ordinary pines reaches forty to fifty cm per year.
The unpretentious Weymouth pine has many dwarf varieties. One of the smallest varieties can be considered Minima. Dwarf pine "Minima" grows in the form of a miniature bush, reaching a height of a little more than half a meter, as it grows, the crown acquires a cushion shape with a diameter of up to 1.5 m.
The bright green needles are very dense, the needles are tough, at the end of summer they acquire a blue tint.
Dwarf pine Minima looks good when decorating slopes, Japanese gardens, alpine slides.
The next dwarf variety of Weymutov's pine - this is "Makopin" is distinguished not only by its diminutiveness, growing in height a little more than a meter, but also by an almost symmetrical spherical crown with an inconspicuous top.
The needles are long, soft, colored green - blue. Dwarf pine "Makopin" - ideal for small areas. Looks good both as a single plant - tapeworm, and in a group of other conifers. It is worth noting the dwarf mountain pine "Pug".
The variety is distinguished by very modest increments, after ten in height and width the plant does not exceed 0.5 m. The shape of the crown is a ball. The needles are green with a blue tint. A very unpretentious variety, suitable for growing in containers.
Among the dwarf forms of mountain pine there are varieties with needles, which change its color depending on the season as "Winter Gold". All summer the needles are bright green, and by winter all the needles become golden yellow. The height of the Winter Gold pine does not exceed 0.5 m - 0.8 m, the crown is up to one meter in diameter.
All dwarf pines are quite unpretentious and can become an ornament to any garden, but you still need to follow some rules when planting them.
How to plant a dwarf pine
Most pine trees are sunshine lovers and dwarf forms are no exception. A well-lit part of the garden is suitable for planting them. Given their low growth, dwarf pines are not afraid of strong winds, they tolerate sea air well.
The following requirements are the composition, density and acidity of the soil on the site. In terms of density, loamy and sandy loam soils are preferable, if the land is heavy on the site, then during planting it will be necessary to pour a drainage layer into the planting pit.
Strongly acidic and strongly alkaline soils are not suitable for pine, the optimal reaction is neutral, and for black pine, Weymouth, it is slightly alkaline. If the soils are acidic, adding chalk or lime will solve this problem.
Before preparing a planting hole for a dwarf pine seedling, the site must be freed from weeds and dug up.
The size of the hole depends on the size of the root system, on average it is 60 - 80 cm deep and the same in diameter.
If the soil is clay, then to eliminate stagnant moisture, you need to pour a layer of 20 cm of expanded clay or other drainage material on the bottom of the planting pit.
Pour a layer of forest earth on top. Organic fertilizers should not be applied, pines are not very fond of organic matter. But mineral fertilizers will be needed, universal kemira or any nitrogen fertilizers will do.
Dwarf pines can be planted in the spring, after the soil has completely thawed, and in the fall, from about mid-September to mid-October. In summer and late autumn, it is better not to plant seedlings with an open root system, since the roots of conifers are sensitive to drying out.
It is important to purchase varietal planting material in proven garden centers and nurseries so that a miniature pine tree does not turn into a multi-meter giant.
When planting, carefully place the seedling in the hole, trying to preserve the earthen ball as much as possible and not damage the root system.
Cover the pit with soil and compact it slightly. It is important that the root collar is slightly above ground level, and the tree should be watered abundantly immediately afterwards. After planting and in the following years of life, dwarf pines, like all garden plants, need regular care.
Dwarf pine in the garden: care
In the first two years, the plant needs regular watering and the introduction of mineral fertilizers into the near-stem zone. Organic fertilizers should not be abused, fallen needles are enough.
Weeds should be kept out of the tree and removed regularly. Mature plants are not afraid of frost, but young trees are best protected from direct sunlight in winter.
This can be done using spruce branches. With the onset of spring, do not remove the shelter too early. It is safe to open conifer plantings in the second half of April.
Many pines need formative pruning.
The time for her comes at the end of May, and by mid-June this procedure must be completed. The shape of the crown can be given the most different, or just keep the plant in a neat condition and carry out only sanitary pruning.
Dwarf pines are distinguished by good resistance to diseases and pests, but under unfavorable conditions they can suffer from them. If a plant turns pale and falls off the needles, dries up the top, then it may be affected by a subcrustal bug or scale insects.
Spring treatment with Akarin, Aktellik is effective against these pests.
Preventive spraying of plants with Bordeaux liquid will help to avoid many diseases of conifers.
If desired, dwarf pines can be grown not only in open ground, in containers, but also as a bonsai. It remains only to purchase the desired plant and provide it with comfortable conditions for growth.
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