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Horned violet: methods of reproduction and care


Often in the summer cottage you can find an attractive plant with purple, white or light blue flowers and a yellow eye inside. The plant is so named because the back side has a hollow outgrowth that resembles a small horn. The violet does not require special care, but you should know some of the subtleties when growing and propagating a plant.

Content:

  • Features of the horned violet
  • Types of violet varieties and flower care
  • How to propagate a violet correctly

Features of the horned violet

Horned violet (botanical name Viola cornuta) is a perennial plant with low, highly branched stems and reaches a height of 15-25 cm. It is a representative of a large family of violets.

The leaves are elongated, oval in dark green color. Unlike other species of the violet family, this plant has an interesting bud shape. The spur, bent at the back of the flowers, resembles a horn. The size of the flower is from 3 to 5 cm.They are different in color: white, yellow, blue, dark purple, etc.

The shade will depend on the variety chosen. It usually blooms from late spring to early autumn. The perennial plant has spherical capsules that open with valves. These are the fruits of the horned violet. Therefore, it can reproduce not only with the help of seeds, but also vegetatively.

Violet is an unpretentious plant. The best place to grow is in sunny places, but not in the open sun. Violet loves shade or partial shade, grows on moderately fertile or drained soils.

The plant will perfectly decorate the path on the backyard, looks good with roses, shrubs and trees. Therefore, the violet is often used for decorative purposes.

Violet varieties and flower care

There are many varieties of horned violets. Each variety has its own shade. The most common are:

  • Foxbrook Cream - creamy white flowers
  • Boton Blue - blue flowers
  • Gazelle - dark purple and white-blue flowers
  • Ruby - bright red flowers
  • Yellow perfection - yellow-gold flowers
  • White perfection - white flowers with a yellow speck inside
  • Victoria Cauthorn - lilac-pink flowers
  • Charlotte - purple flowers
  • Jersey Jam - purple flowers
  • Altona - beige flowers

Each of the above varieties has its own shade, shape, size and height. Taking care of a violet is quite simple, but there are some things to remember.

Do not water the flowers too often. Moderate watering is optimal. You can refresh the plant by spraying in the morning and evening. Small amounts of mineral or organic fertilizers can be used. They are added to settled water and used together with watering once a week.

To protect and improve the properties of the soil, a mulching method is used. Occasionally cover the soil with mulching materials to prevent weeds from drying out and growing. Drainage stones, wood chips, gravel and moss are used as mulch. To stimulate the flowering and growth of the plant, the regrown shoots must be cut off, and the flowers that have already bloomed must be separated.

Due to the lack of sunlight, slugs can appear on the violets. To get rid of them, there is an effective way: add 25% ammonia (150 g) to a bucket of water. Stir the mixture well and spray the areas damaged by slugs.

When watering with cold water, brown spots may appear on the leaves of the plant. To avoid this, it is necessary to use settled water at room temperature.

If the leaves of the violet have lost their elasticity and have a dusty appearance, then this is a sign of rotting roots. This may be due to excess moisture.

Proper care and favorable growing conditions are the main requirements when breeding violets.

How to propagate a violet correctly

Most often, the violet is propagated by seed, but some hybrids may have vegetative propagation. For them, cuttings or division of the bush are used. From one already faded violet by dividing, you can get about 30 new plants.

To begin with, it is necessary that the seedlings grow.

You can also propagate by sowing in open ground. Seedlings are grown from February to April. It is advisable to carry out the second breeding method in spring or autumn. After sowing the seeds, the first flowers appear within 3 months.

The seeds can be purchased at a specialty store or the pollen of the plant from the pistil is transferred to the stamen with a toothpick. If everything is done correctly, then pollination occurs, the ovary develops and a capsule is formed. The seeds in the box will already ripen in 6 months.

Another way to reproduce violets is by germinating seeds in greenhouses. Pour soil into boxes or containers, pre-feed and disinfect. Anneal the soil with a high temperature, and then treat it with Fungicide. This solution prevents the appearance of fungal diseases.

The process of sowing violet seeds is as follows:

Make grooves in the prepared soil and place the seeds. Next, sift the seed through a sieve. Water the seeds, cover with foil so that there is a greenhouse effect. Attach labels to the container with the sowing date and variety name.

Place the container in a cool place. The temperature should not exceed 18 degrees.

It is necessary to monitor the moisture content of the soil and avoid drying out. You can see the first seedlings in a few weeks. As soon as the first shoots appear, the container must be moved to a warmer place.

After the appearance of the first green leaves, remove the greenhouse, move the seedlings to the pots.

If the reproduction technology is carried out correctly, then very soon the horned violet will delight others with its attractive appearance.


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