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How to care for cilamen


One of the most beautiful flowers of the primrose family is cyclamen. In winter, when most of the plants have already faded, you can find this bright and beautiful flower in stores.

Cyclamen leaves are dark green in color with a light silvery tint. In the middle there are bright inflorescences with different colors. Every year cyclamen is popular with indoor plant lovers.

Content:

  • Types and varieties of cyclamen
  • Features of cyclamen care

Types and varieties of cyclamen

This decorative leafy and brightly flowering plant has a pleasant and delicate scent. There are about 15 types of cyclamen, but the most common are:

  1. Purple. Inhabits the territory of Europe closer to the south of France. It grows mainly in gardens. The height of the plant is 10 cm.
  2. Ivy. It grows in Europe and is the most frost-resistant. The flowers are mostly pink. The flowering period of ivy cyclamen is September-November.
  3. Kosky. This species is found in the vastness of Iran, Bulgaria and Syria. A perennial plant reaches a height of up to 30 cm. The flowers are predominantly bright pink, but cyclamen can also be found with a white bunch.
  4. Somali. The most common cyclamen on the Somali peninsula of the African continent. The leaves of the plant are fleshy with a dark green color.
  5. Greek. Representatives of this species are found in Greece and on the islands of the Aegean Sea. Cyclamen flowers can be pale pink or bright purple.
  6. African. Grows in Africa. The leaves of the flower are rather coarse and tough, have a bright green color.
  7. Balearic. A small number of this species are found in the Balearic Islands. The petals are small and twisted, white or pink.

Among the varieties are large-flowered and small-flowered. Depending on the variety, flowers come in a wide variety of shades:

  • Rhinerose - lilac flowers
  • Goga - white flowers
  • Aneli - white flowers with a dark speck
  • Edbfire - bright red flowers
  • Flamingo - flowers with a pinkish-lilac shade with a dark eye
  • Leela - purple flowers
  • Striata - lilac-white flowers
  • Victoria - white flowers with a raspberry tint
  • Spring moth - delicate pink-lilac flowers

Various types and varieties of cyclamen are used to create a variety of floral arrangements. Flowers from several groups of the same species look very bright and beautiful.

Features of cyclamen care

Subject to all the rules for caring for cyclamen, flowering will delight the eye for a long time. Cyclamen after purchase may wither after a while. This is not to be feared. The plant must be placed in a darkened place and less watering. Also, after purchase, a transplant is not required. In rare cases, it may be needed when the plant is planted in peat.

The soil should be neutral and designed specifically for cyclamen. Fertilize the plant once every two weeks. Fertilizers can be purchased from specialized flowering stores. It should be remembered that feeding cannot be used during the dormant period.

To prevent the appearance of various diseases, the plant is treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Pre-steam the soil.

You should not bury the tubers of the plant. The flower grows well when a small part of the tuber is on the surface. The pots shouldn't be oversized. You should choose a container for a flower, taking into account the size of the tubers. The diameter should not exceed 12-16 cm.

In winter, the flower grows well at temperatures no higher than 16 degrees. Cyclamen does not tolerate hot weather, so the best temperature for a plant is indoor. It is a light-loving flower, but direct sunlight should be avoided.

Like any plant, cyclamen also needs regular watering. This procedure should be carried out very carefully so that the water does not get into the corms, flowers and leaves. If you water it too often, the tuber will start to rot and the leaves will turn yellow.

In May, leaves and flowers begin to wither at the flower. This is a dormant period that lasts about 2-3 months. Leaves and flowers must be cut with scissors carefully, without affecting the tuber of the plant. At this time, watering should be reduced. The soil must not be allowed to dry out.

If you decide to transplant the plant, then it is recommended to do this in the summer. When young leaves appear on the tubers, a transplant can be carried out. The composition of the soil for cyclamen is as follows: in a 3: 1 ratio, take sod, leafy and humus soil with sand. Mix everything and transplant the plant.

Dry air and high temperatures are not suitable for cyclamen. A novice grower may have difficulty growing this perennial plant. If the leaves of the flower begin to wither, then they must be removed and the watering of the plant should be reduced.

When pests appear, they must be dealt with. To do this, wipe the cyclamen leaves with a damp cloth, and then spray them with a special pest control agent. If the leaves have already turned yellow or sticky discharge has appeared on them, then it is already useless to use pest repellents.

How to care for cilamen


Watch the video: Cyclamen Plant Care. Indoor Growing Conditions. Tips (December 2021).