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Nigella Damascus: useful properties and features of plant care


It is not often that a plant can attract attention to itself so that it is difficult to “take off” its gaze. If you see him during the flowering period, then you can simply forget about everything in the world. Her flowers are so beautiful and attractive.

Content:

  • A little about the flower
  • The healing properties of nigella
  • Growing a plant

A little about the flower

As mentioned above, nigella is not the only name for a flower. The main name that can be found in most botanical encyclopedias is Nigella. This is what many scientists call the plant.

Basically, nigella is grown in order to improve the look of the yard, it is planted along fences, curbs, etc.

Nigella's flowers are very beautiful. Their main feature is fluffiness, in addition, flowers can be of various shades: pink, blue, blue, interspersed with white spots, etc. One of the names (nigella) the plant received because of the interesting shape of the seeds. Surprisingly, they are black and have an unusual ovoid shape with three edges.

The stem of the plant reaches about 40 centimeters in height. And therefore, Nigella is not planted along high hedges and to hide some defects in the yard. It is planted solely for beauty and only where there is a lot of light.

Flower application

For many it will be a surprise, but nigella is used not only for beauty, that is, to transform the garden. It also has a lot of useful properties, thanks to which it can be used:

  1. For decorating winter bouquets. With the correct collection of plant flowers and proper drying, winter bouquets can be made even more beautiful. To do this, you need to cut off the stems and dry the flowers exclusively in a dark place. In no case should the plant be dried in the light, as the stem will immediately turn yellow.
  2. For storing clothes. For this purpose, exclusively Nigella seeds are used, since they have a specific smell and are able to scare away moths.
  3. For preparing some dishes. The seeds of the plant are mainly used. Many add a seasoning such as zira to pilaf. But few people know that cumin is nothing more than dried seeds of nigella.
  4. For baking. The seeds of the plant are also called black cumin.
  5. For the preparation of medicines.

There are a lot of spheres of application of this plant, which is why it is considered universal and they try to grow it in their summer cottages.

The healing properties of nigella

It was said above that Nigella is used for the preparation of medicines. Usually, this is done to relieve the condition in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as liver diseases.

  1. Laxative. This effect from the plant is not strong, but still it can be used to relieve the condition during the initial stages of constipation.
  2. Diuretic, this is especially important in diseases associated with the difficult elimination of harmful substances from the body.
  3. Anthelmintic. Even in ancient times, the plant was used to remove worms, which caused great harm to a person and reduced his quality of life.
  4. Choleretic, which is very important in case of problems with the gastrointestinal tract
  5. Relief of pain, especially during menstruation and certain gynecological conditions
  6. Increased milk production in nursing mothers.
  7. Improving sleep, as well as eliminating an ailment such as insomnia.

It is sometimes used to relieve kidney stones. In addition, special substances contained in the plant can significantly alleviate asthma attacks, as well as reduce their number.

It is possible to use nigella for medicinal purposes only on the recommendation of a doctor, since despite the relative safety, in some cases it is prohibited to use it.

Growing a plant

Due to the fact that the plant has a lot of useful properties, many gardeners are trying to plant it. And not only because the flowers are very beautiful and can transform any site, but also because Nigella can be used for medicinal purposes.

Experienced gardeners advise growing Nigella:

  1. In open places where there is a lot of light and sun. Nigella does not tolerate moisture and shade. Therefore, you need to choose a place so that the plantings do not turn out to be accidental in the shade of trees
  2. In light, but at the same time well fertilized and nutritious soils. Separately, it must be said that the plant does not tolerate mulching of the soil.
  3. With moderate watering. Like any other plant, nigella does not like being constantly poured with water, and also generally left without moisture. You need to carefully monitor the condition of the soil and water only when it is actually dry. But it is also not worth bringing to the appearance of cracks in the soil, which indicates the complete absence of moisture in it.
  4. No excess fertilization. And although the flower prefers fertilized and nutritious soil, it is best to use organic matter for this.

If you follow all of the above rules, then you can grow beautiful flowers on the site, from which neighbors and guests will not be able to take their eyes off.

Plant care

Many gardeners note that Nigella is not a whimsical plant, the main thing is to initially plant it

where he is comfortable. To do this, you need to find a sunny place.

Very rarely, Nigella is damaged by pests, so it is not necessary to spray with chemicals.

In addition, the plant easily tolerates frost and heat, which is very important for a sharply continental climate, where one spring day it can be 20 degrees Celsius, and already at night the temperature will drop to -3 degrees.

As for the site, it is best to pick up the place where flowers or other plants used to grow. This should be done this way because Nigella loves nutritious soil, but at the same time it is often impossible to fertilize it.

Nigella is planted with seeds. They can be purchased at any specialized store, or assembled yourself. The main thing is to be in time in time, as the nigella fades quickly.

In order for the plant to take root better, and not to be caught by unexpected frosts or strong moisture, it is best to start growing it at home. To do this, you need to take seeds and plant them in a pot. After Nigella has reached 10 centimeters in height, she can be landed.

It is better to prepare the soil in advance, since it should be moderately moist, and the location of the flower bed should also be selected in advance. For those who do not like growing seedlings in advance, a simple method of scattering seeds is perfect. To do this, it is necessary to loosen the soil well, and only then throw seeds into it.

Separately, it should be noted that the collected seeds, stored in special boxes, can be kept at home for about two years. Their value will not diminish, and they will retain all the useful properties.

Nigella Damascus is a very beautiful plant that will easily decorate any garden. And caring for him is simple. Just water on time and periodically pull out weeds.

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