Mango is an evergreen tree with beautiful dense red-green glossy leaves. Homeland - India, but this is not an obstacle to its spread throughout the world. The fruit is prized for its high content of ascorbic acid, beta-carotene and excellent taste.
- Briefly about the plant
- Three ways to propagate mango
- Seedling care
Briefly about the plant
In the collections of many lovers of exotic plants, the mango tree is not as a fruiting plant, but as an ornamental one. Anyone can grow it from a bone. If it is not possible to achieve a result in fruiting, then it will not be difficult to achieve a decorative effect. During flowering, the tree is covered with fragrant inflorescences-panicles of pale pink color.
The problem of the huge size of the tree can be solved, since by regular pruning, you can form a neat compact plant that will become a decoration for your exotic collection. Also, breeders have bred a low-growing variety of mango, but it will not be possible to grow it from the stone, the seedling must be bought at special outlets.
If the climatic conditions of your place of residence are similar to those of the homeland of mangoes, then the effectiveness of the idea of growing this tropical plant in the open field is guaranteed. In the conditions of severe winters, this is much more difficult, but possible. A mango can grow even in an apartment, you just need to provide a sufficient amount of light and moisture, and a seed from a purchased fruit is suitable for planting material.
Attempts to grow a mango tree at home can hardly be called a rewarding business. There is no chance of achieving high yields, and the taste of the fruit is not always transferred from the parent tree to the young seedling. There may be several reasons for low performance:
- Limited conditions for normal growth and development
- The origin of the seed from the hybrid tree
- Long waiting period for harvest (about six years)
But this does not mean at all that you should not try to grow a mango tree yourself.
Three ways to propagate mango
Planting mango seed
To do this, you need to choose ripe or even overripe mango fruit in the supermarket. It should be soft and flavorful. At home, carefully clean the bone from the pulp. Use a knife to slightly open the shell and free the sprout (more chances for the seed to sprout). The split seed must be planted without delay, in a day it will already lose its vitality.
Important: sometimes in an overripe fruit, the bone bursts itself, and the top of the sprout is inside the pulp itself, so do not damage it when cleaning the bone.
If you decide not to split the bone, then place it in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for two days in order to disinfect. When there is no possibility of planting a bone in the ground immediately, it can be stored in the refrigerator for two weeks, you just need to wrap it in polyethylene and take care of sufficient moisture inside it.
In order to increase the chances of growing mangoes at home, it is better to plant several seeds at once. Then it is possible to grow one tree as an ornamental one, and from others by means of a scion to achieve fruiting (if you graft a plant, it will be able to bear fruit in three years). If one of the sprouts dies, you will have a fallback.
- Take a medium-sized pot with solid walls and a solid bottom, check for drainage holes.
- Place pebbles or expanded clay on the bottom.
- Fill the container with soil (peat plus sand).
- Conduct soil disinfection.
- Place the narrow end of the bone in the ground so that one third is on the surface.
- Cover the pot with plastic wrap and place in a warm place.
- Please be patient, germination time is from ten days to a month.
The hydrogel, which is able to maintain a constant level of humidity, will help to avoid the problems of moisture drop and the death of the sprout, and the owners can only add water on time.
Graft is a guaranteed way to get mango fruits
This method will be successful if you, your friends or in the shops of your city have a mango tree that is already bearing fruit, then you can buy or ask for cuttings for scion. You also need to grow several seedlings from the seed. Using the scion method, you can achieve fruiting of the tree in just a couple of years.
The graft should be carried out throughout April-May, but the cuttings should be prepared by the beginning of March. The rules for this manipulation are the same as for all fruit trees.
Mango tree from nursery
Purchasing a mango tree at special points of sale of exotic plants will not be difficult, but properly planting a plant and caring for it can be a problem. Follow a few rules to ensure good growth and fruiting of the mango tree:
- Do not rush to transplant the plant into open ground directly from the nursery: give it the opportunity to get comfortable for several days in the open sun, but in the "native" soil from the nursery.
- Do not plant a plant near a water source: it loves moisture, but its excess will lead to the death of the tree.
- Make sure the soil is acidic enough. Do not overdo it with fertilizers, in nature the mango tree is not too whimsical to the quality of the soil. You can add organic matter, but its percentage should be insignificant. The frequency of fertilization is once a month in the first year, once a season - in subsequent years.
A mango tree, obtained by grafting or purchased from a store, is not as fragile and whimsical as a seedling sprouted from a bone. In order for him to get a chance to survive, you need to choose the right time for the transplant.
When the roots of the seedling have braided the ground in a pot (this happens a month and a half after germination), the plant can be planted in open ground. The place should be sunny, but constant exposure to direct rays can harm the seedling. The best option is diffused sunlight.
Watering must be plentiful, but infrequent: you need exposure between waterings, but do not allow it to dry out, this will lead to the death of the mango tree.
Top dressing - once every three weeks with a weak organic solution. You should not allow direct contact with fertilizers on the trunk, leaves, root system, otherwise the death of the plant is inevitable.
A one and a half meter tree must be pruned, forming a crown at your discretion. If the mango grows in winter conditions without frost, it does not need to be dug up and transplanted, it will be enough just to wrap it up for a period of relatively low temperatures with an old blanket or other insulation.
If the growing area of the plant does not allow the year-round presence of the mango tree in open soil, before the onset of cold weather it must be cut off, transplanted into an appropriate container and transferred to the room.
A good option for indoor growing mango trees are dwarf mango saplings: small in size, can bear fruit with normal care and will be an excellent decoration for your room.
Video about growing mango at home: