Blackberry is a common berry shrub, the popularity of which in modern gardening is evidenced by the presence of more than four hundred varieties.
With good care, more than 12 kg of berries can be harvested from one blackberry bush. The blackberry varieties Loch - Ness, Oregon, Erie, Erie, Eldorado, Darrow, Triple Crow, Karaka Black are distinguished by their yield and good quality of berries.
- Black Satin variety
- Planting and leaving
Blackberry variety Black Satin
Of course, the black satin variety of blackberries will also be a good choice for growing in the country.
Like other varieties, it has many advantages, but it is not devoid of several not entirely pleasant properties, which it is better to know about in advance.
Black Sateen BlackBerry belongs to the very tall varieties, the shoots of which are completely devoid of thorns. It reaches a height of 5 and even 7 meters. At first, the shoot grows vertically, but after breaking the mark of one and a half meters, it begins to grow horizontally, like creeping species.
The bushes are distinguished by their strength of growth and give powerful annual growth, while they are not inclined to give root shoots. The leaves are bright green, trifoliate. The flowers are light purple at the beginning of flowering, gradually becoming white in color.
Black satin berries are round, slightly elongated. Average weight - 4 grams, in the upper part of the stems can be larger - up to 7 grams. Berries are collected in 12-15 pieces in a brush. Ripe berries become black and glossy.
The taste is pleasant, sweet, with a slight sourness. With good care, timely watering, the berries are sweeter and larger. Ripening begins much earlier than some popular varieties, such as Thornfrey, in late July - early August, and can continue throughout September.
An adult blackberry bush of the Black Satin variety, with proper cultivation techniques, can produce more than 20 kg of berries per season. Thanks to such a yield, the variety can be recommended for growing in small farms for sale in fresh and processed form.
The disadvantages of the variety include:
- lower winter hardiness
- extended period of fruiting
- incomplete maturity until frost
It should be said that it is necessary to pick ripe berries every three to four days, not to leave them on the shoots for a longer period. Berries are more suitable for immediate fresh consumption and for processing into compotes, jams, preserves, juice, wine, since they are too soft when fully ripe, and do not tolerate fresh transportation and storage.
It is much more convenient to keep the berries frozen, if the freezing process is carried out correctly, then the fruits do not lose their qualities. In order for the blackberry variety Black Satin to fully show its positive qualities, you need to follow a few simple rules when growing it.
Planting and leaving
The place must meet the following characteristics:
- good sunlight
- lack of thick shadow
- waterlogging and waterlogging of the soil are unacceptable
- clean sandy soils should be avoided
The optimal planting time for the regions of the middle zone and the North is spring, in the southern regions it is possible to plant the black satin variety even before autumn and spring. Before planting blackberries, it is necessary to completely clear the area of perennial weeds, select all roots and rhizomes from the ground, and dig to a depth of at least a shovel bayonet.
Organic and mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil in the area designated for planting shrubs, per one square meter of area:
- not less than 10 kg of humus
- 15 grams of superphosphate
- 20 grams of potassium sulfate
Planting holes in a row are located at a distance of one and a half meters from each other, between rows - up to 2.5 - 3 meters. After planting, the seedling is watered abundantly. After watering, the trunk circle is mulched with compost, peat.
After watering, the root collar should be slightly above the soil level. The first pruning of blackberries is carried out immediately after planting, leaving three to four well-formed buds on the shoot. Given the two-year development cycle of blackberries and the high growth of Black Satin shoots, they need vertical support.
It is best to use a trellis, the height of which should not be less than two meters.
The shoots of the current season must be fixed on the trellis in the direction opposite to the fruiting shoots. Those stems that have yielded a crop this year, after fruiting, must be completely cut off in the fall and removed from the plots in order to avoid the development of diseases.
Shoots of the current year are shortened by 1/4 part, tied in bunches. They are carefully bent to the ground so that in winter they are under the snow. In winters with little snow, it is better to take care of additional shelter, since the Black Satin variety is not highly frost-resistant.
In addition, in order to protect the roots of blackberries from freezing, the root zone is mulched with compost, peat, humus with a layer of 15 cm.
In the spring, before the buds bloom, formative pruning of blackberries is carried out, which consists in pinching shoots with an undesirable location and direction of growth, as well as shortening extra-long lateral shoots by 1/3.
In the summer, it is necessary to control weeds, loosening the soil and provide additional watering in dry weather. Ripe berries should also be removed in a timely manner, preventing them from rotting on the shoots.
The optimal frequency is every three days. It is best to harvest at the technical maturity stage, otherwise the black satin berries will become overly soft.
Fulfillment of simple agronomic rules will delight you with an abundant harvest of dessert and fragrant blackberries of the Black Satin variety.
Video about proper care and pruning of Black Satin blackberries.