Onions are herbaceous plants of the genus Onions and include several edible and decorative species. It is of great importance in cooking and folk medicine.
When preparing dishes, it is used as an underground part - a bulb similar in shape to a turnip, hence the name onion, and ground green leaves, which most often have a narrow fistular or narrow flat shape and look like long feathers.
- Types and varieties of onions for growing on a feather
- Onions for green feathers
Types and varieties of onions for growing on a feather
The most popular and commonly grown type of onion for greens is the batun onion. It has a well-developed ground part, represented by long tubular leaves up to 1 m high.
The leaves of the onion are similar to the leaves of onions, but surpass it in the content of vitamins and nutrients. It grows in one place for several years.
Onions are grown in two cycles - sowing seeds and planting onions (sevka).
To obtain green onions, you can use both forcing the feather from the bulbs, and planting special varieties of onions on the feather.
Batuna onion varieties
- Ural family - a winter-hardy mid-season variety, yields a harvest of greenery 25 days after the start of regrowth of green leaves. It reaches a height of 35 cm to 50 cm, the taste is semi-sharp, the leaves are tender. The variety is fruitful, gives more than 7 kg per square meter per season. The variety is frost-resistant, propagates only by dividing the bush.
- Seryozha is an early variety of onions - batun. Has good winter hardiness. Leaves are straight, gray-green, more than half a meter in length. The taste is semi-sharp.
- Seven-year-old is a mid-season variety, suitable for growing on personal subsidiary plots for both personal needs and for sale.
- Maisky - medium late batun onion. A good variety for both personal use and for growing on farms for sale.
Basic techniques for growing a batun
Some varieties of batun onions can be propagated by dividing the bush in spring or early summer. The bulbs are planted to a depth of 3 cm, the distance between them is up to 25 cm. The seeds are sown in early May.
It should be remembered that 1 g contains about three hundred seeds and crops can be very thick. Therefore, they will require thinning. In July, you can cut the leaves for greens, they will grow back until autumn. Greens are not cut in autumn.
The next year, as soon as the leaf begins to grow, the first crop can be harvested in 25 days, the second in 55 days.
Schnitt - onion is another type of onion that is grown for the sake of greenery, although a medium-sized false onion, up to 1 cm in diameter, is also eaten. The first greens appear immediately after the snow melts and have a very delicate taste.
Bohemia variety is a fruitful perennial chives - onion. Grows in one place up to five years. The first cut of greenery takes place three weeks after the green leaves begin to grow back.
Chemal is a spicy onion variety that gives a crop suitable for mass harvesting the next year after planting. Harvested completely in spring. Only uterine bushes are left.
Honey plant - yields about 90 days after the start of regrowth. The greens have a semi-sharp taste. Suitable for growing on personal subsidiary plots. The technology of growing chives - onions is similar to the technology of growing batun.
In the first years of planting, chives - onions need regular weeding, but later they form a dense turf. Like all onions, he prefers soil well fertilized with organic matter and mineral fertilizers.
Shallots are a type of onion that forms many small, accrete bulbs that serve as seed for the next season. Mainly grown for greens as a biennial crop. Leaves are cut several times per season.
For household farms, varieties are recommended:
- Andreyka - mid-season onion with a semi-sharp taste
- Afonya is a high-yielding onion with an average ripening period.
- Onion - slime
Onions - slug is grown for greens, which gives almost immediately after the snow melts, is valued for being the first vegetable garden.
A distinctive feature of a slime onion is the accumulation of slimy sap inside the leaves. In the fall, having dug a bush of onions - a slime from the garden, you can transplant it into a flower pot and have a harvest of greenery on the windowsill all winter.
Bear onion - wild garlic
Apart from the above types and varieties of onions, there is a wild garlic, the flat leaves of which, in appearance, bear little resemblance to an onion feather, and the taste and smell of wild garlic is very similar to garlic, although wild garlic is also a type of onion. Young leaves are used for food.
All types of onions that are grown for the sake of obtaining greens are cultivated mainly in the open field. In closed greenhouses or greenhouses, they use the method of forcing greens from varieties of onions.
Onions for green feathers
Many housewives grow onion greens on the windowsill by placing an ordinary onion in water. A similar technique is used in greenhouses, where onion greens are obtained by hydroponics. This is much more profitable than planting onions for forcing greens into the ground.
Greenhouse farms use both methods of obtaining greens from onions. In this case, the planting material will be onions - samples, that is, small bulbs, selected from onions - turnips.
The best varieties for this are:
Greens can be cut from one onion several times, usually two to four times. Then a new batch of bulbs is planted. Cutting is carried out after the leaves reach a length of 35 - 40 cm.
It should be said that the cultivation of green onions for sale, both in the greenhouse and in the open field, can become an additional family business, since at any time of the year vitamin greens are in demand among the population.