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Libya grape variety: characteristics, planting, care


The ancestor of modern cultivars and hybrids of grapes is the wild grape of the present. Cultivated grape varieties can be grown wherever the average annual temperature is not lower than 8 degrees.

Content:

  • The origin of the grapes Libya
  • Characteristics of the variety
  • Planting and caring for grapes Libya

The origin of the grapes Libya

In Russia, industrial and amateur viticulture is developed in the Krasnodar, Stavropol, Primorsky Territories, the North Caucasus, and the Volga region. The following varieties are popular:

  • Aurora
  • Muscat Moscow
  • Reward
  • Beauty of the North

These and many other varieties are distinguished by excellent taste and resistance to both diseases and climatic manifestations. The grape variety Libya is no exception.

The hybrid variety Libya owes its origin to the selection work of an amateur winegrower from the banks of the Dnieper. Vitaly Vladimirovich Zagorulko, an expert in space communications, has been enthusiastically growing grapes for many years. Working with the varieties Arcadia, Laura, Magarach, Flamingo, he received his first grape hybrids Nectaria and Plek. Continuing the breeding work, he bred varieties that have become famous:

  • Velez
  • Sofia
  • Bazhena

But the national breeder himself considers the hybrid grapes of Libya to be his most successful achievement. This is primarily due to the ripening period, the appearance of the brushes and berries, their taste.

Characteristics of the variety

In 2010, the variety passed an examination in Ukraine and has been included in the Ukrainian register since 2011. Libya is one of the earliest grape varieties of national selection. The ripening period of the crop, from the appearance of the first bud to harvest, slightly exceeds three months and is equal to 105 days.

The color of the bark in young shoots is light green, and in mature ones it is light brown. The flowers are bisexual, the lower leaves on the shoot are whole, the upper leaves are dissected, five-lobed. Frost resistance on their own roots up to - 21. If the grapes of this variety grow on their own roots, then the bushes are very vigorous and powerful.

A distinctive feature of the variety are large, fairly dense brushes. The length of the hands exceeds 25 cm, and the weight reaches 1 - 1.5 kg. The berries are large, the skin color is pink. It is so delicate and delicate that it is practically not felt when eating. The average weight of a berry is from 10 g to 12 g, the length is almost three centimeters, and the width is two centimeters. There are 3-4 seeds in berries, they are easily separated from the dense pulp.

Livia grapes are characterized by a persistent nutmeg smell, which does not disappear even with prolonged storage, over 30 days.

The sugar content in berries exceeds 20%, the taste is table-like, characterized by a harmonious combination of acidity and sweetness.

The cultivation technique of the Libya variety is not particularly difficult; the variety can be recommended to both experienced and novice winegrowers.

Planting and caring for grapes Libya

When choosing a place for planting grapes, it is important to remember that it will require a trellis, which is best placed in the direction from south to north. This is especially important for providing plantings with a lot of heat and light in the northern regions. Good light allows you to grow Libya with a beautiful, deep pink berry color and high sugar content.

For planting the variety Libya, both chernozem soils and sandy loam and loamy soils are suitable, which are quite loose.

In the southern regions, grapes can be planted both in autumn and spring. In the north and in the middle lane, it is advisable to do this only in the spring, focusing on the state of the buds, since planting must be carried out before they open. This is especially true for seedlings with an open root system. In this case, you need to dip the roots of the grapes in a clay mash.

The depth of the planting pit should not be less than 40 - 45 cm. A planting mound of fertile soil should be poured onto its bottom. Spread out the roots of the seedling carefully before covering with soil.

In the area of ​​sheltering viticulture on the shoot of Libya, it is necessary to leave several undamaged buds 5-10 cm below the ground level. Remove the rest of the shoot.

In regions where the climate allows the Libya grape variety to be grown in a non-sheltered culture, one bud is left at ground level, one slightly higher, the rest of the shoot is removed.

In dry weather, a young seedling requires regular watering. The further formation of the Libyan bush has no fundamental difference from other varieties.

When caring for this grape variety, one must take into account its good resistance to powdery mildew of grapes and rather average to other diseases, which requires several treatments per season.

Considering the size of the bunches, the taste and type of berries, early ripening, relatively good resistance to diseases, the Libya variety can be attributed to the outstanding varieties of folk selection.

Description of the Libya variety on video:


Watch the video: How To Grow Grapes In Your Garden - Grow Grapes in a pot (December 2021).