The Shabo carnation variety belongs to the garden, it is a perennial crop that grows in ordinary soil and blooms for a very long time. It is grown as an annual culture, the flower has terry petals, therefore in everyday life it is called terry.
- History and varieties of Shabo cloves
- Growing seedlings
- Planting seedlings in the ground
- Carnation care and possible difficulties
History and varieties of Shabo cloves
The carnation has always been a symbol of the revolution, but earlier this flower was more interested in healers. Even Louis IX ordered to water the wounded soldiers with a decoction of cloves, in memory of him the crusaders brought a flower from Tunisia to Europe.
The Shabo carnation is one of the most popular crops and was developed in France by a Toulon pharmacist named Chabot.
Carnation Shabo has a height of about 30-60 cm, large, bluish-green leaves. Flowers are up to 7 cm in diameter, they exude a wonderful aroma. The color of the flowers is most often pink, purple, white and red, but there are other variations in shades.
Carnation varieties with color indication:
- Marie Chabot - yellow, with a touch of gray
- Jeanne Dionysus - white
- Mikado - deep purple
- Aurora - pink
- Lejeune de Oner - cherry red
- Pink queen - hot pink
- La France - pale pink
Carnation is very fond of light, blooms from mid-summer to almost the end of autumn, until severe frosts begin. It is believed that the carnation is frost-resistant, however, wintering in our climate can spoil it. The germination rate of a carnation will be approximately 3 years.
Carnations are grown from seeds, and you need to sow them for seedlings in winter. This is the main difficulty of sowing - daylight hours in winter are short. The plant blooms in about 150 days, so it is better to sow it in January-February.
Sometimes carnations are planted as early as December, but to avoid freezing, this should only be done in a greenhouse. To grow Shabo carnations, it is necessary to prepare the soil. A mixture of turf and humus in a 1: 1 ratio is well suited, sand and peat are also added there.
Before planting, the seeds are soaked in potassium permanganate for a day, then they are laid out in moistened furrows, which are best covered not with soil, but with sand. Sand layer no more than 3 mm.
The container in which the seeds are placed should be covered with plastic wrap or glass and placed in a warm place, then the seeds will germinate better. Climbing carnations occurs already on the 7-9th day after sowing.
The carnation needs a lot of light, so it is better to place the container closer to the window. Usually, almost all seeds sprout, with the exception of unripe seeds.
After the sprouts appear above the soil, the container must be placed on the window, providing it with a temperature of about 15 degrees.
The film does not need to be removed yet, but you should constantly ventilate the sprouts and get rid of condensation. Carnation Shabo does not like water, therefore, during the entire time, watering should not be intense. You need to water it in a thin stream so as not to damage the weak shoots.
If there is an excess of water in the container, the roots of the clove may deteriorate. In such a situation, the decayed part must be removed, and the places where it was located must be sprinkled with sand or ash to absorb excess moisture.
After all the seeds have sprouted, the film is removed. Now the gardener's task is to provide a sufficient amount of light to the plant, since there is still very little of it in February, it is necessary to highlight the container. Or start planting not in January, at the end of February, so that the seedlings come in March.
The plant develops slowly enough to speed up this process by diving. For Shabo carnation, it is recommended to make two picks, first it is dived at the first appearance of true leaves.
Then the seedlings are planted so that the distance between the seedlings is about 4 cm. The second pick occurs when 3 or 4 pairs of leaves appear. Further, it is recommended to pinch the leaves so that they grow more densely.
During the entire period of growing seedlings, after the first days, the temperature should be about 15 degrees, sometimes it is useful to reduce it to 12. Then the plant germinates strong and hardened.
Planting seedlings in the ground
In late April and early May, seedlings are planted in gardens and flower beds. If at this time there are still nights of frost, arcs are installed above the flower garden, onto which a dense film is stretched. This will help the seedlings survive the cold.
Since the stems of the flower are thin, they can break under a gust of wind, so you need to choose a place that is bright, sunny and protected from strong winds. The soil should be loose, fertile and neutral.
You can plant them as you like, but it is better that there is a distance of about 25 cm between the seedlings. The root ball should be solid, and you also don’t need to plant the carnation too deep.
In order for the Shabo carnation to bloom well, it needs top dressing. Immediately after planting in the ground, nitrogen fertilizers are used, and when it begins to bloom, phosphorus and potash, fresh, organic fertilizers are poorly tolerated by the plant.
It should be fertilized every 2 weeks, and clove leaves should be sprayed with a light ammonia solution. If the seeds are sown in February, the first flowers will be in July. If you want to cut them off, then you need to remove all the stepsons up to the sixth node.
Shabo carnation care
The plant is resistant to drought or frost; in not too harsh winters, the flower can overwinter in the open air. After that, its leaves may turn white, but this will not affect further flowering.
It is better to dig up the cloves in the middle of autumn and transplant them into pots, while not destroying the clod with roots.
This will preserve the plant, you need to place it in a greenhouse or in a room. You cannot plant a Shabo carnation in the same places for more than two years in a row - it will stop blooming. Carnation is a light-loving plant, with a lack of sunlight, it begins to weaken.
Weak plants can get sick, as this flower is very fond of viruses, fungi and garden parasites. For any lesions, the symptoms of which are spots on the leaves and flowers, lack of growth and lethargy, diseased cuttings must be removed immediately to avoid the spread of the disease.
Viruses and diseases are carried by garden insects to avoid the risk of infestation of flowers - protect the plant from the wind, do not flood the soil and provide it with plenty of light.